fíor

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See also: fior, fìor, and fíor-

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish fír (true), from Proto-Celtic *wīros, from Proto-Indo-European *wēr-.

Adjective[edit]

fíor (genitive singular masculine fír, genitive singular feminine fíre, plural fíora, comparative fíre)

  1. true
    Synonym: ceart
    Antonym: ainfhíor
  2. correct
    Synonym: ceart
  3. real
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

fíor f (genitive singular fíre, nominative plural fíora)

  1. truth
  2. honour
  3. true word; assurance, pledge
    1. (colloquial) word
  4. (literary) test, ordeal
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

fíor (present analytic fíorann, future analytic fíorfaidh, verbal noun fíoradh, past participle fíortha)

  1. (transitive) Alternative form of fíoraigh (verify)
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish figor, borrowed from Latin figūra.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

fíor f (genitive singular fíorach, nominative plural fíoracha)

  1. figure
    1. outward form; likeness, image, shape
    2. appearance, sign
      1. configuration, outline
      2. edge, verge
    3. emblem, symbol
    4. prefiguration, portent
    5. (military, sports) formation
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

fíor (present analytic fíorann, future analytic fíorfaidh, verbal noun fíoradh, past participle fíortha)

  1. (transitive) Alternative form of fíoraigh (figure, outline; prefigure, symbolize; portend)
Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
fíor fhíor bhfíor
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "fíor" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 fír” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • 2 figa(i)r, fiugair” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “fíoġar” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 2nd ed., 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • “fíor” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 2nd ed., 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • Entries containing “fíor” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “fíor” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.