fascis

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰask- (bundle, band), see also Proto-Celtic *baskis (bundle, load), Ancient Greek φάκελος (phákelos, bundle), Albanian bashkë (together), Old English bæst (inner bark of the linden tree), Welsh baich (load, burden), Middle Irish basc (neckband).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fascis m (genitive fascis); third declension

  1. A faggot, fascine; bundle, packet, package, parcel.
  2. A burden, load.
  3. (usually in the plural) A bundle carried by lictors before the highest magistrates, consisting of rods and an axe, with which criminals were scourged and beheaded.
  4. A high office, like the consulship.

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative fascis fascēs
Genitive fascis fascium
Dative fascī fascibus
Accusative fascem fascēs
fascīs
Ablative fasce fascibus
Vocative fascis fascēs

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Aragonese: faxo
  • Asturian: feixe, feix, fexe
  • Catalan: feix
  • English: (from various derivative terms) fascism, faggot, fagot
  • French: faisser, faix
  • Galician: feixe

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • fascis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • fascis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • fascis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to walk before with the fasces; to lower the fasces: fasces praeferre, summittere