- plural of
- Third-person singular simple present indicative form of gad
From Proto-Baltic *gad-, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰod-, o-grade of *gʰed- (“to unify, to match”) (whence also gadīties, q.v.). The semantic evolution of the term probably went from “matching, appropriate” > “appropriate, determined, specific time (period)” > “(church) holiday” > “sequence of church holidays in a year” > “year”. Since this evolution parallels that of Russian год (god), there may also have been Russian influence on the meaning changes of Latvian gads. Cognates include Lithuanian gadýnė (“time, period”) (< Belarusian гадзі́на (hadzína)), Old Church Slavonic годъ (godŭ, “suitable time, holiday, year”), Russian, Belarusian год (god, “year”), Upper Sorbian hod, hody (“winter holidays”), Czech hod (“church holiday”), Polish gody (“wedding feast, wedding”), Serbo-Croatian gȏd (“name day, important holiday”).
gads m (1st declension)
- Expression of disgust