grates

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See also: Grates, gratés, and gråtes

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

grates

  1. plural of grate

Verb[edit]

grates

  1. Third-person singular simple present indicative form of grate

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

grates

  1. second-person singular present indicative form of gratar

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷerH- (to welcome, greet, praise). Cognates include Sanskrit गृणाति (gṛṇā́ti, to praise), Old Church Slavonic жрьти (žrĭti) and Old Prussian girtwei (to praise).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

grātēs f (genitive grātium); third declension

  1. thanks rendered, thanksgiving

Usage notes[edit]

This noun originally appeared only in the nominative and accusative plural (The genitive, dative, and vocative plural are unattested and ablative plural only rarely) and was used with agō when rendering thanks to the gods. grātiās agō was generally used for thanks between humans.

Declension[edit]

Third declension i-stem.

Case Plural
nominative grātēs
genitive grātium
dative grātibus
accusative grātēs
ablative grātibus
vocative grātēs

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • grates in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • grates in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “grates”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • grates” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to give thanks to heaven: grates agere (dis immortalibus)
    • to thank, glorify the immortal gods: grates, laudes agere dis immortalibus