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Attested since 1576. Possibly imitative of the sound of drinking greedily, or from Old French gouziller, gosillier (to pass through the throat), from gosier (throat), and akin to Italian gozzo (throat; a bird's crop).



guzzle (third-person singular simple present guzzles, present participle guzzling, simple past and past participle guzzled)

  1. To drink (or, sometimes, eat) quickly, voraciously, or to excess; to gulp down; to swallow greedily, continually, or with gust.
    They spent most of their college days guzzling beer.
  2. (intransitive, dated) To consume alcoholic beverages, especially frequently or habitually.
    • 1649, John Milton, Eikonoklastes, Google Books
      A comparison more properly bestowed on those that came to guzzle in his wine cellar.
    • 1684, Roscommon, Essay on Translated Verse, Google Books
      Well-seasoned bowls the gossip's spirits raise, Who, while she guzzles, chats the doctor's praise.
    • 1859, William Makepeace Thackeray, The Virginians, Google Books
      Every theatre had it's footman's gallery: […] they guzzled, devoured, debauched, cheated, played cards, bullied visitors for vails: […]
  3. (by extension) To consume anything quickly, greedily, or to excess, as if with insatiable thirst.
    This car just guzzles petrol.
    • 2004, Mike Rigby, quoted in The Freefoam Roofline Report, [1]
      China continues full steam ahead and the Americans continue to guzzle fuel, while supply becomes restricted.


  • (to drink quickly, voraciously): swig, swill


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guzzle (plural guzzles)

  1. (dated, uncountable) Drink; intoxicating liquor.
    Where squander'd away the tiresome minutes of your evening leisure over seal'd Winchesters of threepenny guzzle!Tom Brown
  2. (dated) A drinking bout; a debauch.
  3. (dated) An insatiable thing or person.
  4. (obsolete, UK, provincial) A drain or ditch; a gutter; sometimes, a small stream. Also called guzzen.
    • 1598, John Marston, The Scourge of Villanie Google Books
      Means't thou that senseless, sensual epicure, / That sink of filth, that guzzle most impure?
    • 1623, W. Whately, Bride Bush,
      This is all one thing as if hee should goe about to jussle her into some filthy stinking guzzle or ditch.