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From Proto-Brythonic *gwörin (compare Old Breton guerin glossing Latin factiō, Middle Breton gueryn (people)), from Proto-Celtic *worīnā (compare Old Irish foirenn glossing factiō, modern Irish foireann (staff, team)).[1]



gwerin f (plural gwerinoedd)

  1. people
    1. people, populace, peasantry, folk, democracy, proletariat, liegemen; mob, rabble, troop, throng, host, multitude, rank and file of army; nation
    2. (nautical) ship's crew
    3. monastic community
    4. (biblical) Gentiles
  2. the 'men' or pieces used in chess, draughts, and other games

Derived terms[edit]


Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
gwerin werin ngwerin unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.


  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*worīnā”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 428

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “gwerin”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies