ilgs

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *dilˀgas, from Proto-Indo-European *dl̥h₁gʰós. In Slavic, and Indic (Sanskrit), an extra prefix d(e)- was added (compare also Ancient Greek δολιχός ‎(dolikhós)). According to a minority view (Pokorny), this d(e)- was actually part of the stem (cf. *dl̥h₁gʰós), and was lost in Baltic, Germanic, and Latin. Cognates include Lithuanian ìlgas, Old Prussian ilga, ilgi, Old Church Slavonic дльгъ ‎(dlĭgŭ), длъгъ ‎(dlŭgŭ), Russian долгий ‎(dólgiy), Belarusian доўгі ‎(doŭhi), Ukrainian довгий ‎(dovhiy), Bulgarian дълъг ‎(dǎ́lǎg), Czech dlouhý, Polish długi, Gothic 𐌻𐌰𐌲𐌲𐍃 ‎(laggs [langs]), Old High German, German lang, Sanskrit दीर्घः ‎(dīrghaḥ), Latin longus.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Adjective[edit]

ilgs (def. ilgais, comp. ilgāks, sup. visilgākais; adv. ilgi)

  1. (time) long (a large period of time)
    aizbraukt uz ilgu laiku — to depart for a long time
    pēc ilgiem laikiem atgriezties — to return after a long time
    sarunāties par ilgu — to talk too long
  2. long, long time (that which lasts or happens for a while, that which takes a while)
    ilgs brauciens, ceļojumslong trip
    ilga pastaigalong walk
    ilga cīņalong struggle
    ilgs miegslong sleep
    nodzīvot ilgu mūžu — to live a long life
    desmit minūšu ilgs pārtraukums — a ten minute long pause
  3. long (that which took a while to acquire)
    ilga pieredzelong experience
    ilgie novērojumilong observations

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “ilgs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7