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Alternative forms[edit]


From iugum (yoke).



iugō (present infinitive iugāre, perfect active iugāvī, supine iugātum); first conjugation

  1. I join, yoke.


   Conjugation of iugo (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present iugō iugās iugat iugāmus iugātis iugant
imperfect iugābam iugābās iugābat iugābāmus iugābātis iugābant
future iugābō iugābis iugābit iugābimus iugābitis iugābunt
perfect iugāvī iugāvistī iugāvit iugāvimus iugāvistis iugāvērunt, iugāvēre
pluperfect iugāveram iugāverās iugāverat iugāverāmus iugāverātis iugāverant
future perfect iugāverō iugāveris iugāverit iugāverimus iugāveritis iugāverint
passive present iugor iugāris, iugāre iugātur iugāmur iugāminī iugantur
imperfect iugābar iugābāris, iugābāre iugābātur iugābāmur iugābāminī iugābantur
future iugābor iugāberis, iugābere iugābitur iugābimur iugābiminī iugābuntur
perfect iugātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect iugātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect iugātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present iugem iugēs iuget iugēmus iugētis iugent
imperfect iugārem iugārēs iugāret iugārēmus iugārētis iugārent
perfect iugāverim iugāverīs iugāverit iugāverīmus iugāverītis iugāverint
pluperfect iugāvissem iugāvissēs iugāvisset iugāvissēmus iugāvissētis iugāvissent
passive present iuger iugēris, iugēre iugētur iugēmur iugēminī iugentur
imperfect iugārer iugārēris, iugārēre iugārētur iugārēmur iugārēminī iugārentur
perfect iugātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect iugātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present iugā iugāte
future iugātō iugātō iugātōte iugantō
passive present iugāre iugāminī
future iugātor iugātor iugantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives iugāre iugāvisse iugātūrus esse iugārī iugātus esse iugātum īrī
participles iugāns iugātūrus iugātus iugandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
iugāre iugandī iugandō iugandum iugātum iugātū

Derived terms[edit]



  • iugo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • iugo in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • conjugate in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
  • conjugate” in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Online.
  • conjugal” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2018.