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See also: I wis


Alternative forms[edit]

  • ywis (13th-17th centuries)
  • iwys (14th-16th centuries)


From Middle English iwis, ywis (certain, sure), from Old English ġewiss (certain, sure), from Proto-Germanic *gawissaz (known, certain, sure), from Proto-Indo-European *weyd- (to know). Cognate with Dutch gewis (sure), German gewiss (certain), Danish vis (sure). More at wit, wis.


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iwis (not comparable)

  1. (poetic, archaic) Certainly, surely, indeed.
    • 1485 July 31, Thomas Malory, “(please specify the chapter)”, in [Le Morte Darthur], (please specify the book number), [London]: Enprynted and fynysshed in thabbey Westmestre [by William Caxton], OCLC 71490786; republished as H[einrich] Oskar Sommer, editor, Le Morte Darthur by Syr Thomas Malory; the Original Edition of William Caxton Now Reprinted and Edited with an Introduction and Glossary by H. Oskar Sommer, Ph.D.; with an Essay on Malory’s Prose Style by Andrew Lang, London: Published by David Nutt, in the Strand, 1889, OCLC 890162034:
      , Bk.V:
      Thou art welcome iwys, for thou sekyst aftir sorow!
    • 1842, Thomas Macaulay, Horatius:
      Iwis, in all the Senate / There was no heart so bold [].
    • 1890, James Russell Lowell, Poetical Works:
      God vanished long ago, iwis, A mere subjective synthesis