kāsis

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See also: kaŝis and kašīs

Latvian[edit]

Kāsis

Etymology[edit]

The origin of this word is not clear. It may stem from Proto-Indo-European *ḱāk-, *ḱak- (branch, pole), via metathesis (from *kāḱ- to Proto-Baltic *kāš- to Latvian kāsis), with the original meaning being “bent branch.” Cognates would then include Lithuanian dialectal kóšis, and maybe also Sanskrit काशिः (kāśiḥ, hollow of the hand), if indeed its older meaning was “meander,” “bent, crooked one.”

Proto-Indo-European *ḱāk-, *ḱak- without metathesis would have yielded the dialectal Latvian term saķis (bifurcated ending), Lithuanian šakà (branch), and Sanskrit शाखा (śākhā, branch).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kāsis m (2nd declension)

  1. hook (object with a curved, sharp tip used for suspending or hanging)
    dzelzs, tērauda kāsisiron, steel hook
    uzkabināt uz kāšato hang (something) on a hook
    pakārt katlu kāsi virs ugunsto hang the pothook over the fire
    nocelt podu no kāšato lift, remove a pot from the hook
  2. stick, bar with a hook or crooked tip
    izvilkt ar kāsi ūdens spaini no akas — to pull a bucket of water from the well with a hook
  3. (something having) the form or shape of a hook
    dzērves, zosis un pīles lido kāsī vai rindācranes, geese and ducks fly in a hook or in a row
    saliekt stiepli kāsīto bend the wire into a hook

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “kāsis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7