lēca

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See also: lecâ, lēcā, léça, and lecą

Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv
Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv
Lēcas (1)
Lēca (2)
Lēca (3)

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old East Slavic ляца (ljatsa, lentils), of unknown origin. Because of the roundish, flat seeds of this plant, K. Lībietis used the same word (in 1873) to refer also to the structure inside the eye (crystalline lens), as well as its optical equivalent (lens). In this, he followed the model of German Linse.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

lēca f (4th declension)

  1. (usually plural) lentils, lens (plant of the genus Lens, cultivated for their edible seeds; the seeds of these plants)
    vārīt lēcasto boil, to cook lentils
    briljants lēcas grauda formāa diamond in the form of a lentil seed
    lēcas kultivē cilvēku uzturam no visssenākiem laikiemone has cultivated lentils for human consumption since the most ancient times
  2. (optics) lens (a clear, transparent body in various forms, usually made of glass, used to change the direction of incoming light rays so as to produce images)
    izliekta lēcaconvex lens
    ieliekta lēcaconcave lens
    kontakta lēca, kontaktlēcacontact lens
    visus refrakcijas anomālijas veidus mēs labojam ar speciāli pagatavotām stikla lēcāmall types of refraction anomalies we (can) correct with specially prepared glass lenses
  3. (anatomy) (crystalline) lens (part of the eye)
    acs ābolā ir četras caurspīdīgas vides: radzene, ūdeņainais šķidrums, lēca un stiklveida ķermenisthe eyeball has four transparent environments: the cornea, the aqueous humor, the (crystlline) lens and the vitreous body (= humor)
    lēcas centrālā daļa novietota tieši pretī varavīksnenes atvereithe central part of the (crystalline) lens is located directly in front of the iris opening

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “lēca”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7