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Latin, literally "a corselet of thongs", from lorum (thong).


lorica (plural loricae)

  1. (historical) A cuirass, originally of leather, afterward of plates of metal or horn sewed on linen or the like.
  2. (chemistry, obsolete) Lute for protecting vessels from the fire.
  3. (zoology) The protective case or shell of a Loricifera, infusorian or rotifer

Derived terms[edit]

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for “lorica” in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)


Etymology 1[edit]

Dubious, but traditionally taken to derive from lōrum (a leathern strap or thong).

Alternative forms[edit]



lōrīca f (genitive lōrīcae); first declension

  1. A coat of mail
  2. breastplate

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lōrīca lōrīcae
Genitive lōrīcae lōrīcārum
Dative lōrīcae lōrīcīs
Accusative lōrīcam lōrīcās
Ablative lōrīcā lōrīcīs
Vocative lōrīca lōrīcae
  • Translingual: Loricifera (taxon)
  • Catalan: lloriga
  • Galician: loriga
  • Italian: lorica
  • Old Portuguese: loriga
  • Portuguese: loriga
  • Romanian: lorică
  • Spanish: loriga
  • Welsh: llurig

Etymology 2[edit]

A regularly conjugated form of lōrīcō.




  1. second-person singular present active imperative of lōrīcō


  • lorica in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lorica in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lorica in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • lorica in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • lorica in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lorica in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin