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See also: mael, máel, Máel, mäl, and mæl-

Old English[edit]


From Proto-Germanic *mēlą, from Proto-Indo-European *meh₁- (to measure). Cognate with Old Frisian mēl (West Frisian miel), Old Saxon -māl, Dutch maal, Old High German māl (German Mal (time), Mahl (meal)), Old Norse mál (Danish and Swedish mål), Gothic 𐌼𐌴𐌻 (mēl, time, hour). The Indo-European root is also the source of Ancient Greek μετρον (metron), Latin mensus, Russian мера (mera), Lithuanian mẽtas.



mǣl n

  1. a measure
    Do wines þrie mel on: pour on three measures of wine. (Leechbook)
  2. mark, sign (especially a cross)
    Her oþiewde read Cristes mæl on hefenum: in this year a red Christ's-sign appeared in the sky. (AS Chronicle)
  3. time, occasion, season
    Mæl is me to feran. It is time for me to go. (Beowulf, l. 316)
  4. the time for eating, meal-time, a meal
    He gereordade æt anum mæle fif þusend manna: at one meal he fed five thousand men. (Wulfstan)


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • Middle English: mel