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Giuseppe Siri (1906–1989) when he was appointed auxiliary bishop of Genoa, Italy, in 1944, wearing a purple mantelletta. He was appointed a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church by Pope Pius XII in 1953.

Borrowed from Italian mantelletta, from mantello (cloak, mantle) + -etta (from -etto (suffix forming a diminutive of a noun)), probably from Late Latin mantelletum (a short, sleeveless cape or cloak; a mantlet).



mantelletta (plural mantellettas)

  1. (Roman Catholicism) A sleeveless, knee-length vestment open at the front which is worn by Roman Catholic prelates.
    • 1850 August 31, “Historical Memoirs of Cardinal Pacca, Prime Minister to Pius VII. Written by Himself. Translated from the Italian, by Sir George Head. 2 vols. Longman & Co.”, in The Athenæum: Journal of English and Foreign Literature, Science, and the Fine Arts, number 1192, London: Printed by James Holmes, Took's Court, Chancery Lane; published at the Office, 14 Wellington Street North, Strand, by J. Francis, OCLC 929395567, page 921, column 2:
      We were without comestibles, and we had no garments except those we wore, not even a shirt, and the habits, such as they were, were most inconvenient for travelling; for the Pope [Pius VII] wore his mozzetta and stola, and I [Bartolomeo Pacca] the rocchetto and mozzetta, together with the mantelletta.
    • 1912, “The Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church”, in Herman Joseph Heuser, editor, The Ecclesiastical Review: A Monthly Publication for the Clergy, volume XLVI, Philadelphia, Pa.: American Ecclesiastical Review, ISSN 0271-6836, OCLC 718545999, page 145:
      In Rome the cardinals wear the mozzetta over the mantelletta, except in their titular churches, when it is worn immediately over the rochet.
    • 2015, Philipp Zitzlsperger, “A Change in Forms and the Migration of Bodies in Rome – From the Cardinal’s Tomb to the Cenotaph”, in Tarald Rasmussen and Jon Øygarden Flæten, editors, Preparing for Death, Remembering the Dead, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, →ISBN, page 84:
      In the presence of the Pope and within the Archbishopric of Rome, the cardinals and the bishops had to conceal the rochet beneath a so-called mantelletta, a knee-length coat, which was open at the front.

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mantelletta f (plural mantellette)

  1. mantlet
  2. mantelletta