manteau

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French manteau (mantle). In the Iranian context, borrowed from Persianمانتو(mânto), originating in the Qajar period. Doublet of mantle and mantel.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

manteau (plural manteaus or manteaux)

  1. A cloak or gown, especially of a kind popular with women in the 17th and 18th centuries.
  2. A long, loose-fitting coat worn by Iranian Muslim women based off the trenchcoat, originally worn with a square Arabic-style hijab and in plain colours, and often associated with liberal politics.
    Coordinate term: chador
    • 2010, Afshin Molavi, The Soul of Iran: A Nation's Struggle for Freedom, W. W. Norton & Company, →ISBN, page 91:
      As a result of this politics of personal appearance, Iranians have come to refer to three types of woman, defining their politics by the clothes they wear: the chadory, the manteauy, and the maghna'eh-poosh. [] In contrast, the manteauy woman wears the loose-fitting manteau, often fashionably with a colorful, loosely tied head scarf. She generally supports both political and social reform.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Latin mantellum, diminutive of mantum. Compare Italian mantello.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

manteau m (plural manteaux)

  1. coat
    Synonym: pardessus
  2. mantle (garment worn by Orthodox bishops)
  3. (geology) mantle
  4. (biology) mantle (of molluscs)
  5. (heraldry) pavilion

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: manteau, mantua
  • Japanese: マント (manto)
  • Korean: 망토 (mangto)
  • Ottoman Turkish: ⁧مانتو(manto)
    > Turkish: manto (inherited)
  • Persian: ⁧مانتو
  • Romanian: manta, mantou
  • Russian: манто (manto)

Further reading[edit]