maraud

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French marauder, derivative of maraud (rogue, vagabond), from Middle French maraud (rascal), from Old French *marault (beggar, vagabond), from marir, marrir (to trouble, stray, lose ones way, be lost), from Old Frankish *marrijan (to neglect, hinder), from Proto-Germanic *marzijaną (to neglect, hinder, spoil), from Proto-Indo-European *mers- (to trouble, confuse, ignore, forget), + Old French suffix -ault, -aud. Cognate with Old High German marrjan, marren (to obstruct, hinder), Old Saxon merrian (to hinder, waste), Gothic 𐌼𐌰𐍂𐌶𐌾𐌰𐌽 (marzjan, to offend). Related to mar.

Verb[edit]

maraud (third-person singular simple present marauds, present participle marauding, simple past and past participle marauded)

  1. (intransitive) To move about in roving fashion looking for plunder.
    a marauding band
    • 1684, Thomas Otway, The Works of Mr. Thomas Otway[1], volume 2, London: Richard, James, and Bethel Wellington, published 1728, The Atheist; or the Second Part of the Soldier's Fortune, page 88:
      Peace Plunder, Peace, you Rogue; no Moroding now i we'll burn, rob, demolish and murder another time together : This is a Bus'ness must be done with decency.
    • 1711, Joseph Addison, The Spectator, no. 90-505[2], volume 3, London: Thomas Tickell, published 1721, page 115:
      [] in one of which they met with a party of French that had been marauding, and made them all prisoners at discretion.
  2. (intransitive) To go about aggressively or in a predatory manner.
    • 1770, “Fables for Grown Gentlemen”, in Tobias George Smollett editor, The Critical Review: Or, Annals of Literature[3], volume 29, London: A. Hamilton, page 73:
      A flea out of a blanket shaken, A bloody-minded sinner, Upon a taylor's neck was taken, Marauding for a dinner.
  3. (transitive) To raid and pillage.
    • 1829, Washington Irving, A Chronicle of the Conquest of Granada: In Two Volumes[4], volume 1, Paris: Baudry, at the Foreign Library, page 118-9:
      As the tract of country they intended to maraud was far in the Moorish territories near the coast of the Mediterranean, they did not arrive until late in the following day.

Usage notes[edit]

The verb and adjective are more common as “marauding”.

Translations[edit]

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Anagrams[edit]