mitrs

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From an old verb mist “to cease,” previously “to become soft,” with an extra r. The semantic development went from “soft, flexible” (because of humidity) > “humid, wet.” Cognates include Lithuanian mitrùs(agile, nimble; cunning) (< “flexible”).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

mitrs (def. mitrais, comp. mitrāks, sup. vismitrākais; adv. mitri)

  1. humid, wet (which has absorbed, contains a little water; which is covered with a little, a thin layer of, water)
    mitras plaukstas‎ ― humid, clammy palms (of the hand)
    mitra lupata‎ ― humid, wet rag
    mitras drēbes‎ ― humid, wet clothes
    mitra zeme‎ ― humid, wet land
    mitrs tvaiks‎ ― humid vapor (containing water droplets)
    mitras rokas‎ ― humid, clammy hands
    mitri mati‎ ― humid, wet hair
    mitras logu rūtis‎ ― humid window panes
    izzuda marta rītu mitrā migla‎ ― the humid March morning fog disappeared
    māte nolieca galvu, un arī viņai acis kļuva mitras‎ ― mother bowed (her) head, and also her eyes became humid (= as if about to cry)
  2. humid (which contains, is characterized by a relatively large amount of water vapor; such (place, time) that there is much water vapor in the air)
    mitrs vējš, gaiss‎ ― humid wind, air
    mitrs sals‎ ― humid, wet frost
    mitrs klimats, laiks‎ ― humid climate, weather
    mitra vasara‎ ― humid summer
    mitra pļava‎ ― humid meadow
    mitrs dzīvoklis‎ ― humid apartment
    vakaros kļūst mitrs‎ ― in the evenings it gets humid, wet
    diena ir miglaina un mitra; no kokiem pil aukstas lāses‎ ― the day is foggy and humid; cold (water) drops are dripping from the trees
    šādas alas ir mitras, dubļainas‎ ― such caves are humid (and) muddy

Declension[edit]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “mitrs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7