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From Proto-Indo-European *paw- (strike).



paveō (present infinitive pavēre, perfect active pāvī); second conjugation, no passive

  1. (intransitive) I am struck with fear, I am afraid or terrified; tremble or quake with fear.
  2. (transitive) I fear, dread or am terrified by.


  • This verb has only limited passive conjugation; only third-person passive forms are attested in surviving sources.
   Conjugation of paveō (second conjugation, only third-person forms in passive, defective)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present paveō pavēs pavet pavēmus pavētis pavent
imperfect pavēbam pavēbās pavēbat pavēbāmus pavēbātis pavēbant
future pavēbō pavēbis pavēbit pavēbimus pavēbitis pavēbunt
perfect pāvī pāvistī, pāstī1 pāvit pāvimus pāvistis, pāstis1 pāvērunt, pāvēre
pluperfect pāveram pāverās pāverat pāverāmus pāverātis pāverant
future perfect pāverō pāveris pāverit pāverimus pāveritis pāverint
passive present pavētur paventur
imperfect pavēbātur pavēbantur
future pavēbitur pavēbuntur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present paveam paveās paveat paveāmus paveātis paveant
imperfect pavērem pavērēs pavēret pavērēmus pavērētis pavērent
perfect pāverim pāverīs pāverit pāverīmus pāverītis pāverint
pluperfect pāvissem, pāssem1 pāvissēs, pāssēs1 pāvisset, pāsset1 pāvissēmus, pāssēmus1 pāvissētis, pāssētis1 pāvissent, pāssent1
passive present paveātur paveantur
imperfect pavērētur pavērentur
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pavē pavēte
future pavētō pavētō pavētōte paventō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives pavēre pāvisse, pāsse1 pavērī
participles pavēns pavendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
pavēre pavendī pavendō pavendum

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]