penca

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Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

penca

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of pencar
  2. second-person singular imperative form of pencar

Galician[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Probably onomatopoeic. Compare Spanish peca.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

penca m (plural pencas)

  1. freckle
    Synonym: marxa

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown. Related to Spanish penca.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

penca m (plural pencas)

  1. cabbage stalk
    Synonym: couceiro

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown. Probably related to Spanish penca (leaf's vein, stalk).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pen‧ca

Noun[edit]

penca f (plural pencas)

  1. (botany) white cabbage
  2. a bunch (of flowers or fruits)
    • 1867, Franklin Távora, chapter 11, in O Cabeleira:
      Vinho ou cachaça? perguntou o velho, apontando, de volta, na porta, com uma penca de bananas que lhe vinham caindo das mãos de maduras.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  3. (slang) a bunch (a considerable amount of something)
  4. (slang) hooter; schnozzle (especially large nose)
    • 1913, Coelho Neto, chapter XXVII, in A Conquista:
      Vou ver. E, com desabalados gestos, Montezuma partiu, falando só, com dois pince-nez escarranchados na penca.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Synonyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from hoja pendenca, from hoja (leaf) + a derivative of Latin pedis (foot), referring to the leaf growing from the foot of the plant. Also compare Italian pinco (penis).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpenka/, [ˈpẽŋka]

Adjective[edit]

penca (plural pencas)

  1. (Chile, slang) bad, lame, uncool
    Synonym: malo
  2. Feminine singular of adjective penco.

Noun[edit]

penca f (plural pencas)

  1. (botany) main rib or vein of a leaf
  2. fleshy stalk, leafstalk or leaf of certain plats e.g. celery leafstalks or nopal leaves
  3. (Chile) penis
  4. (Chile) radish (large oblong variety)
    Synonym: rábano
  5. agave
    Synonyms: agave, magüey, pita
  6. (Costa Rica) drunkenness

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  • Roberts, Edward A. (2014) A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Spanish Language with Families of Words based on Indo-European Roots, Xlibris Corporation, →ISBN