praetor

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See also: prætor

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Anglo-Norman pretour, pretore, the Middle French preteur (from the Old French pretor; compare the Modern French préteur), and their etymon, the Classical Latin praetor (leader”, “commander”, “magistrate); the Latin praetor being contracted from *praeitor (one who goes before), from praeeō (I go before), from prae (before) + (I go); compare the Italian pretore, the Portuguese pretor, and the Spanish pretor.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

praetor (plural praetors or praetores)

  1. (historical) The title designating a Roman administrative official whose role changed over time:
    1. (originally) A consul in command of the army.
    2. (after 366 BC) An annually-elected curule magistrate, subordinate to the consuls in provincial administration, and who performed some of their duties; numbering initially only one, later two (either of the praetor urbānus (urban praetor) or the praetor peregrīnus (peregrine praetor)), and eventually eighteen.
  2. (by extension) A high civic or administrative official, especially a chief magistrate or mayor. Sometimes used as a title.
  3. (seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Italy, historical, translating Italian "pretore") The title of the chief magistrate, the mayor, and/or the podestà in Palermo, in Verona, and in various other parts of Italy.

Synonyms[edit]

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Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

praetōr m (genitive praetōris); third declension

  1. leader, head, chief, president

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative praetōr praetōrēs
genitive praetōris praetōrum
dative praetōrī praetōribus
accusative praetōrem praetōrēs
ablative praetōre praetōribus
vocative praetōr praetōrēs

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • praetor in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • praetor in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • PRAETOR in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • praetor” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to appeal to the plebeian tribunes against a praetor's decision: appellare tribunos plebis (in aliqua re a praetore) (Liv. 2. 55)
    • to accuse, denounce a person: nomen alicuius deferre (apud praetorem) (Verr. 2. 38. 94)
  • praetor in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • praetor in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • praetor in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin