prothesis

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English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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Late Latin prothesis, prosthesis, alteration (dropping the ‘s’) from Ancient Greek πρόσθεσις ‎(prósthesis, addition, augmentation),[1][2][3] (English prosthesis) from προστίθημι ‎(prostíthēmi, I add), from πρός ‎(prós, towards) + τίθημι ‎(títhēmi, I place), from Proto-Indo-European *próti, *préti + *dʰédʰeh₁- ‎(to be putting, to be placing).

However, often confused for a descendant of the Ancient Greek word πρόθεσις ‎(próthesis, a preposing, preposition) (without the σ ‎(s)), which is instead the source of a different term – see alternative etymology, below.

Noun[edit]

prothesis ‎(plural protheses)

  1. (linguistics) The prepending of phonemes at the beginning of a word without changing its morphological structure, as in nother, from other (“a whole nother thing”), or Spanish esfera from Latin sphaera ‎(sphere).
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Etymology 2[edit]

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From Ancient Greek πρόθεσις ‎(próthesis, a preposing), from προτίθημι ‎(protíthēmi, I prepose), from πρό ‎(pró, before) + τίθημι ‎(títhēmi, I place), from Proto-Indo-European *pro + *dʰédʰeh₁- ‎(to be putting, to be placing).

Noun[edit]

prothesis ‎(plural protheses)

  1. a type of preparatory ceremony, part of the Divine Liturgy of the Eastern Orthodox Church

References[edit]

  1. ^ Merriam-Webster: etymology of prosthesis
  2. ^ Merriam-Webster: etymology of prothesis
  3. ^ Λεξικό της κοινής νεοελληνικής, ed. Institute of Manolis Triantafyllidis (1998): "πρόθεση": etymology of Latin prothesis.

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