rien

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Rien, ríen, and rieŋ

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French rien, from Old French rien, from Latin rem, accusative of rēs (thing). Compare Catalan res (nothing) or Galician ren (nothing).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʁjɛ̃/
  • (file)

Pronoun[edit]

rien

  1. nothing
    • Antoine Lavoisier
      Rien ne se perd, rien ne se crée, tout se transforme.
      Nothing is lost, nothing is created, everything is transformed.
    Je n'ai besoin de rien d'autre.
    I need nothing else.
  2. (archaic) anything
    • 1630, François de Malherbe, Le traité des bienfaits de Sénèque, III, 10
      En tous les bienfaits d'importance, la preuve ne peut avoir de lieu ; car il n'y a bien souvent que deux qui en sachent rien .

Usage notes[edit]

  • Word order:[1] When used as the direct object of a transitive verb, rien is placed in differing positions depending on what other elements are present in the sentence.
    • rien comes after a verb in simple tense.
      Je ne fais rien.I'm not doing anything.
    • As the direct object of a verb in compound tense, rien usually comes between the auxiliary and participle.
      Je n'ai rien dit.I didn't say anything.
      • When followed by a complément, rien usually comes after the participle element. [2]
        Je n'ai dit rien de tel.I said no such thing.
    • rien precedes a verb in the infinitive.
      Je ne veux rien faire.I don't want to do anything.
    • rien can either precede or follow the adverbial pronouns y or en with the second option being the more literary.

Synonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ rien”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
  2. ^ Banque de dépannage linguistique

Anagrams[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *rīan, from Proto-West Germanic *rīhan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

riën

  1. to sew together, to put a thread through

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: rijgen
  • Limburgish: riege

Further reading[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French rien.

Noun[edit]

rien f (plural riens)

  1. thing (miscellaneous item)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (rien)

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ren (Anglo-Norman)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rem, accusative of rēs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rien f (oblique plural riens, nominative singular riens, nominative plural riens)

  1. thing; object
  2. being; creature

Pronoun[edit]

rien

  1. thing
  2. (used with "ne") nothing

Descendants[edit]


Tumleo[edit]

Noun[edit]

rien

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Stephen Adolphe Wurm, New Guinea Area Languages and Language Study (1976)