shore up

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From shore (to provide with support) + up. Shore is derived from Late Middle English shoren (to prop, to support) [and other forms],[1][2] from shore (a prop, a support) [and other forms],[3] + -en (suffix forming the infinitive form of verbs);[4] while shore (noun) is from Middle Dutch schore, schare (a prop, a stay) (modern Dutch schoor), and Middle Low German schōre, schāre (a prop, a stay; barrier; stockade) (compare Old Norse skorða (a prop, a stay) (Norwegian skor, skorda)); further etymology unknown.[5]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

shore up (third-person singular simple present shores up, present participle shoring up, simple past and past participle shored up)

  1. (transitive, often figuratively) To reinforce or strengthen (something at risk of failure).
    Synonyms: (rare) embolster, prop up, underfoot, undergird, underpin, underprop, underset
    They hastened outside between storms to shore up the damaged fence.
    He needed something bold and dramatic to shore up his failing candidacy.
    I shored up a geranium with earth after it had flopped over.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ shōren, v.(1)”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  2. ^ Compare “shore, v.1”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, March 2021; “shore2, v.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  3. ^ shōre, n.(3)”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  4. ^ -en, suf.(3)”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  5. ^ shore, n.3”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, March 2021; “shore2, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]