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Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *stag- (to seep drip), source of Ancient Greek στάζω (stázō, to drip). Conversely, possibly related to Ancient Greek τέναγος (ténagos).



stagnum n (genitive stagnī); second declension

  1. pond, swamp, fen; any piece of standing water
  2. (poetic) waters
  3. (poetic) any pool or lake in general
    Stagnum ignis.
    A lake of fire.
  4. Alternative form of stannum

Usage notes[edit]

Although often mentioned in dictionaries, the use of the spelling stagnum as a form of stannum (tin) is unattested in Classical or Late Latin. It is perhaps a later Italianate respelling of that word.


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative stagnum stagna
genitive stagnī stagnōrum
dative stagnō stagnīs
accusative stagnum stagna
ablative stagnō stagnīs
vocative stagnum stagna

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



  • stagnum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • stagnum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “stagnum”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • stagnum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • running water: aqua viva, profluens (opp. stagnum)