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Etymology 1[edit]

Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂g- (to seep drip), source of Ancient Greek στάζω (stázō, to drip), with different ablaut grade. Conversely, possibly related to Ancient Greek τέναγος (ténagos).



stāgnum n (genitive stāgnī); second declension

  1. pond, swamp, fen; any piece of standing water
  2. (poetic) waters
  3. (poetic) any pool or lake in general
    Stāgnum ignis.
    A lake of fire.

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative stāgnum stāgna
Genitive stāgnī stāgnōrum
Dative stāgnō stāgnīs
Accusative stāgnum stāgna
Ablative stāgnō stāgnīs
Vocative stāgnum stāgna
Coordinate terms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
  • Catalan: estany
  • Italian: stagno
  • Occitan: estanh
  • Spanish: estanque
  • Portuguese: estanque

Etymology 2[edit]


stagnum n (genitive stagnī); second declension

  1. Alternative form of stannum

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative stagnum stagna
Genitive stagnī stagnōrum
Dative stagnō stagnīs
Accusative stagnum stagna
Ablative stagnō stagnīs
Vocative stagnum stagna
Usage notes[edit]

The use of the spelling stagnum as a form of stannum (tin) is unattested before Pliny. Some analyses suspect a Gaulish interference may have caused the rise of this alternate form.[1]


  1. ^ Rey, Alain. Dictionnaire historique de la langue française. Page 829.
  • stagnum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • stagnum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • stagnum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • stagnum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • running water: aqua viva, profluens (opp. stagnum)
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) , “stāgnum”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 585