sund

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See also: Sund

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Regional variety of standard Dutch zonde.

Interjection[edit]

sund

  1. pity, a shame

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sund, from Proto-Germanic *sundą (swimming; sound), from Proto-Indo-European *swem- (swimming; sea). Related to svimja.

Noun[edit]

sund n (genitive singular sunds, plural sund)

  1. (geography) sound, channel

Declension[edit]

Declension of sund
n3 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative sund sundið sund sundini
accusative sund sundið sund sundini
dative sundi sundinum sundum sundunum
genitive sunds sundsins sunda sundanna

Icelandic[edit]

Icelandic Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia is
Icelandic Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia is

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sund, from Proto-Germanic *sundą, from Proto-Indo-European *swem- (swimming; sea).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sund n (genitive singular sunds, nominative plural sund)

  1. (uncountable) swimming, the act of swimming
  2. channel, strait, sound
  3. alley, lane

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sund

Noun[edit]

sund n (definite singular sundet, indefinite plural sund, definite plural sunda or sundene)

  1. sound, strait, channel

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sund

Noun[edit]

sund n (definite singular sundet, indefinite plural sund, definite plural sunda)

  1. sound, strait, channel

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *sundą, from pre-Germanic *swm-to- ( > English swim). Cognate with Old Norse sund (Norwegian sund (swimming, strait)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sund n (nominative plural sund)

  1. swimming
    Þū neart ġenōg eald þæt þū āna on sund gā.
    You're not old enough to go swimming by yourself.
    • late 10th century, Ælfric, "Sermon on the Beginning of Creation"
      God sealde þām fixum sund and þām fuglum flyht, ac hē ne sealde nānum nīetene ne nānum fisċe nāne sāwle, ac heora blōd is heora līf, and swā hraðe swā hīe bēoþ dēade, swā bēoþ hīe mid ealle ġeendode.
      God gave swimming to the fish and flight to the birds, but he did not give a soul to any animal or any fish. Their blood is their life, and as soon as they’re dead, they have totally ended.
  2. (poetic) sea, water

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Welsh hwn (this) and Proto-Celtic *sindos (this) (see sin and in).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

sund

  1. here (in this place)
    • c. 700, Turin Glosses and Scholia on St. Mark, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 484–94, Tur. 58a
      Bíid didiu a confessio hísin do foísitin pecthae, bíid dano do molad, bíid dano do atlugud buide; do foísitin didiu atá-som sunt.
      That confessio, then, is for confessing sins, it is also for praising, it is also for offering thanks; here, then, it is for confessing
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 24a38
      Ní epur a n-anman sund.
      I do not say their names here.
  2. here (to this place), hither

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
sund ṡund unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Swedish sunder, from Middle Low German sunt.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sɵnd/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

sund

  1. sound, healthy (medically or mentally)
Declension[edit]
Inflection of sund
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular sund sundare sundast
Neuter singular sunt sundare sundast
Plural sunda sundare sundast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 sunde sundare sundaste
All sunda sundare sundaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse sund, from Proto-Germanic *sundą, from Proto-Indo-European *sm̥tóm.

Noun[edit]

sund n

  1. sound, strait (narrow water)
Usage notes[edit]
  • Used alone, sundet refers to Öresund between Denmark and Sweden.
Declension[edit]
Declension of sund 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative sund sundet sund sunden
Genitive sunds sundets sunds sundens