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From Proto-Indo-European *terkʷ- (to turn). See torqueō.



turpis (neuter turpe); third declension

  1. ugly, unsightly; foul, filthy
    • Attributed to Ennius by Cicero in De natura deorum, Book I, Chapter XXXV
      Simia quam similis turpissima bestia nobis!
      How similar to us is that most vile beast, the ape!
  2. (of sound) cacophonous, disagreeable
  3. (figuratively) base, infamous, scandalous, dishonorable, shameful, disgraceful


Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative turpis turpe turpēs turpia
Genitive turpis turpium
Dative turpī turpibus
Accusative turpem turpe turpēs, turpīs turpia
Ablative turpī turpibus
Vocative turpis turpe turpēs turpia

Derived terms[edit]



  • turpis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • turpis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • turpis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a virtuous (immoral) life: vita honesta (turpis)
    • to follow virtue; to flee from vice: honesta expetere; turpia fugere