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From Proto-Indo-European *trep- (to turn). Cognate with Ancient Greek τρέπω (trépō), Sanskrit त्रपते (trapate).



turpis (neuter turpe, comparative turpior, superlative turpissimus, adverb turpiter); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. ugly, unsightly; foul, filthy
    Synonym: foedus
    • Attributed to Ennius by Cicero in Dē nātūrā deōrum, Book I, Chapter XXXV
      Sīmia quam similis turpissima bēstia nōbīs!
      How similar to us is that most vile beast, the ape!
  2. (of sound) cacophonous, disagreeable
  3. (figurative) base, infamous, scandalous, dishonorable, shameful, disgraceful


Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative turpis turpe turpēs turpia
Genitive turpis turpium
Dative turpī turpibus
Accusative turpem turpe turpēs
Ablative turpī turpibus
Vocative turpis turpe turpēs turpia

Derived terms[edit]



  • turpis”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • turpis”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • turpis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a virtuous (immoral) life: vita honesta (turpis)
    • to follow virtue; to flee from vice: honesta expetere; turpia fugere
  • Walther von Wartburg (1928–2002), “tŭrpis”, in Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume 13: To–Tyrus, page 432
  • Wagner, Max Leopold (1960–1964), “túrpe”, in Dizionario etimologico sardo, Heidelberg