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See also: värds and vårds



From Proto-Baltic *wardas, a masculine parallel form to neuter *wardan, from Proto-Indo-European *werdʰh₁om (word), from the stem *werh₁- (to speak, say, talk) with an extra element -dʰo. Note the typical Baltic polysemy between “name” and “word”, since the Proto-Indo-European term for “name”, still conserved in Old Prussian emnes, emmens (< Proto-Indo-European *h₁nómn̥), was lost and replaced by *werdʰo-. Cognates include Lithuanian var̃das, Old Prussian wīrds, wirds, Sudovian ward, Russian врать (vratʹ, to lie), Belarusian вярзці́ (vjarzcí, to lie), Ukrainian верзти́ (verztý, to lie), Proto-Germanic *wurdą (Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌳 (waurd), German Wort, English word, Icelandic orð), Hittite ḫurt- (to load, to charge) (: weriya- “to say”), Sanskrit व्रत (vrata, vow, command), Ancient Greek εἴρω (eírō, to say) (< *weryō), Latin verbum.[1]


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vārds m (1st declension)

  1. name
  2. word


Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vārds”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN