vestio

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From vestis (clothes, apparel).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

vestiō (present infinitive vestīre, perfect active vestīvī or vestiī, supine vestītum); fourth conjugation

  1. I clothe, dress.
  2. I adorn, attire, deck.
  3. (of vegetation) I cover, blanket.
  4. (figuratively) I make emperor (i.e. clothe in imperial purple).

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of vestiō (fourth conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present vestiō vestīs vestit vestīmus vestītis vestiunt
imperfect vestiēbam vestiēbās vestiēbat vestiēbāmus vestiēbātis vestiēbant
future vestiam vestiēs vestiet vestiēmus vestiētis vestient
perfect vestīvī, vestiī vestīvistī, vestiistī vestīvit, vestiit vestīvimus, vestiimus vestīvistis, vestiistis vestīvērunt, vestīvēre, vestiērunt, vestiēre
pluperfect vestīveram, vestieram vestīverās, vestierās vestīverat, vestierat vestīverāmus, vestierāmus vestīverātis, vestierātis vestīverant, vestierant
future perfect vestīverō, vestierō vestīveris, vestieris vestīverit, vestierit vestīverimus, vestierimus vestīveritis, vestieritis vestīverint, vestierint
passive present vestior vestīris, vestīre vestītur vestīmur vestīminī vestiuntur
imperfect vestiēbar vestiēbāris, vestiēbāre vestiēbātur vestiēbāmur vestiēbāminī vestiēbantur
future vestiar vestiēris, vestiēre vestiētur vestiēmur vestiēminī vestientur
perfect vestītus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect vestītus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect vestītus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present vestiam vestiās vestiat vestiāmus vestiātis vestiant
imperfect vestīrem vestīrēs vestīret vestīrēmus vestīrētis vestīrent
perfect vestīverim, vestierim vestīverīs, vestierīs vestīverit, vestierit vestīverīmus, vestierīmus vestīverītis, vestierītis vestīverint, vestierint
pluperfect vestīvissem, vestiissem vestīvissēs, vestiissēs vestīvisset, vestiisset vestīvissēmus, vestiissēmus vestīvissētis, vestiissētis vestīvissent, vestiissent
passive present vestiar vestiāris, vestiāre vestiātur vestiāmur vestiāminī vestiantur
imperfect vestīrer vestīrēris, vestīrēre vestīrētur vestīrēmur vestīrēminī vestīrentur
perfect vestītus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect vestītus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present vestī vestīte
future vestītō vestītō vestītōte vestiuntō
passive present vestīre vestīminī
future vestītor vestītor vestiuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives vestīre vestīvisse, vestiisse vestītūrum esse vestīrī, vestīrier1 vestītum esse vestītum īrī
participles vestiēns vestītūrus vestītus vestiendus, vestiundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
vestiendī vestiendō vestiendum vestiendō vestītum vestītū

1The present passive infinitive in -ier is a rare poetic form which is attested for this verb.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • vestio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vestio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vestio in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • vestio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to go into mourning: vestem mutare (opp. ad vestitum suum redire) (Planc. 12. 29)
    • (ambiguous) drapery: vestis stragula or simply vestis