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Somewhat disputed; according to the Royal Spanish Academy, from Spanish façerir, from Old Spanish *fazferir, from faz (make!, do!) +‎ ferir (to hurt). However, many etimologists have suggested that faz in fazferir could not have turned into za(z), even if it did convert into haz during the Spanish conversion of f to h and have suggested the word comes from Latin subferire (to censor, reproach) with za being a common corruption of the Latin sub- prefix, as seen in words such as zabullir (to submerge) (from Late Latin subbullīre (to boil/submerge lighty)) and zabucar (to stir liquid) (from Latin sub- (below) +‎ bucca (mouth)). Morphologically equivalent to haz (make!, do!) +‎ herir (to hurt).


  • IPA(key): (Spain) /θaeˈɾiɾ/, [θa.eˈɾiɾ]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /saeˈɾiɾ/, [sa.eˈɾiɾ]


zaherir (first-person singular present zahiero, first-person singular preterite zaherí, past participle zaherido)

  1. to criticize severely, harshly (to the point of feeling humiliated or mortified)
    • 1911, Quintilian, Ignacio Rodríguez, Pedro Sandier, Instituciones Oratorias, Vol. 1, 333:
      Guardémonos siempre de zaherir.
      Let's always guard ourselves from criticizing severely.
    ¡Usted zahiere a quien sea que usted no concorda con!
    You criticize severely anyone with whom you do not agree with!


Further reading[edit]