zakken

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Dutch

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈzɑkə(n)/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Hyphenation: zak‧ken
  • Rhymes: -ɑkən

Etymology 1

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From Middle Dutch *sacken, from Old Dutch *sackon, from Proto-Germanic *sakkōną, further etymology unknown, perhaps from a denasalized derivative of *sinkwaną (to sink);[1] compare English sag. According to Kluge, related to zak (sack). Found natively only in the West Germanic languages.

Verb

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zakken

  1. (intransitive) to fall, to drop, to sink
    De gist zakt gedurende het proces naar de bodem van de kuip.
    The yeast sinks during the process to the bottom of the tub.
  2. (intransitive) to come down, to go down
  3. (intransitive) to fail, to flunk
    Ik ben gezakt voor mijn rijexamen.
    I failed my driving test.
  4. (transitive) to calm down
    Kun je even zakken? Je bent zo rusteloos.
    Could you calm down for a moment? You're so restless.
Inflection
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Conjugation of zakken (weak)
infinitive zakken
past singular zakte
past participle gezakt
infinitive zakken
gerund zakken n
present tense past tense
1st person singular zak zakte
2nd person sing. (jij) zakt, zak2 zakte
2nd person sing. (u) zakt zakte
2nd person sing. (gij) zakt zakte
3rd person singular zakt zakte
plural zakken zakten
subjunctive sing.1 zakke zakte
subjunctive plur.1 zakken zakten
imperative sing. zak
imperative plur.1 zakt
participles zakkend gezakt
1) Archaic. 2) In case of inversion.
Derived terms
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Descendants
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  • Afrikaans: sak
  • Negerhollands: sak
  • Aukan: saka
  • Saramaccan: sáka, sakka

References

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  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2024) “sag”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Etymology 2

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun

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zakken

  1. plural of zak

Japanese

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Romanization

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zakken

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ざっけん