प्रथम

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Written for *pra-tamá, which would be regular superlative of प्र (prá, forward, in front, forth).

Adjective[edit]

प्रथम (prathamá)

  1. foremost, first (in time or in a series or in rank)
  2. earliest, primary, original, prior, former
  3. often translatable adverbially in the beginning of a compound; see especially प्रथमम् (prathamam), प्रथमात् (prathamāt)

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

प्रथम (prathamám

  1. (grammar) (namely वर्ण (varṇa)) the first consonant of a वर्ग (varga), a surd unaspirate letter;
  2. (grammar) (namely पुरुष (puruṣa)) the first (in Western grammar terminology, the 3rd) person or its terminations
  3. (namely स्वर (svara)) the first tone
  4. (mathematics) the sum of the products divided by the difference between the squares of the cosine of the azimuth and the sine of the amplitude
  5. the first tithi of each lunar fortnight

Declension[edit]