एक

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit एक (éka) (or a closely related Old-Indo-Aryan language, through Prakrit), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Haykas (compare Persian یک (yek)), from Proto-Indo-European *(H)óykos (one, single).

Numeral[edit]

Hindi cardinal numbers
    Cardinal : एक
    Ordinal : पहला

एक (ek), Urdu spelling: ایک

  1. (cardinal) one; 1

Adjective[edit]

एक (ek? — Urdu spelling: ایک

  1. one
  2. a
  3. sole
  4. only

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Haykas, from Proto-Indo-European *(H)óykos (one, single). Cognates include Old Latin oinos (Classical Latin ūnus), Ancient Greek οἶος (oîos) and Old English ān (English one and an).

Numeral[edit]

एक (éka)

  1. one

Adjective[edit]

एक (éka)

  1. (with and without एव (eva)) alone, solitary, single, happening only once, that one only
  2. the same, one and the same, identical
  3. one of two or many
  4. single of its kind, unique, singular, chief, pre-eminent, excellent
  5. sincere, truthful
  6. little, small
  7. (sometimes used as an indefinite article), a, an

Noun[edit]

एक (ékam

  1. name of a teacher
  2. name of a son of रय (Raya)

Noun[edit]

एक (ékan

  1. unity, a unit (at the end of a compound)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 0227