五月雨

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1 Grade: 1

Etymology 1[edit]

A compound of prefix sa and midare. The initially /sa/ is a prefix meaning early and is cognate with that found in satsuki and saotome. /midare/ is likely midare (water fall). Literally "rain of the fifth month", does not refer to May but to the fifth month in the lunar calendar. The kanji are ateji.

Noun[edit]

五月雨 (hiragana さみだれ, romaji samidare)

  1. a heavy rain that occurs around the fifth lunar moon; an early summer rain
    • 16031604: Nippo Jisho (page 552)
      Samidare. サミダレ (五月雨) Goguatno ame. (五月の雨) Nagaxi (ながし)と呼ばれる, [陰暦]五月の雨.
  2. that which repeats over and over without lasting long

Etymology 2[edit]

A compound of satsuki (fifth lunar moon) and ame (rain).

Noun[edit]

五月雨 (hiragana さつきあめ, romaji satsukiame)

  1. a heavy rain that occurs around the fifth lunar moon; an early summer rain
    • 16031604: Nippo Jisho (page 560)
      Satçuqiame. (サツキアメ) (皐月雨) Samidare (五月雨)に同じ. [陰暦]五月の雨.

References[edit]