天竺

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

First recorded use in the Traditions of the Western Regions (西域傳) portion of the Book of Han, finished in 111 CE. Itself a transcription of Old Persian *Hind-uka - hypocoristic of *Hinduš ("people living beyond the Indus"). Late Old Chinese pronunciation: *l̥ˁin tˁuk. Variant transcription: 身毒 (Shēndú, from Late Old Chinese *qʰjin dˁuk).

Pronunciation[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

天竺

  1. (archaic) India or Nepal

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
てん
Grade: 1
じく
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/tendiku//tenziku/

From Middle Chinese 天竺 (*ten *djiuk?), a transcription from either of the following:

First mentioned in the 後漢書 (Gokansho, Book of the Later Han), in volume 88, the 西域伝 (Saiiki Den, Treatise on the Western Regions).

Proper noun[edit]

天竺 (hiragana てんじく, romaji Tenjiku, historical hiragana てんぢく)

  1. (archaic) India
Synonyms[edit]

Prefix[edit]

天竺 (hiragana てんじく, romaji Tenjiku, historical hiragana てんぢく)

  1. foreign or exotic
  2. overly spicy or hot
Usage notes[edit]

The prefix senses appear to have arisen after European traders arrived in Japan, by way of India.[3]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

By extension from the character (“sky, heavens”), and possibly by association with the Himalayas.

Noun[edit]

天竺 (hiragana てんじく, romaji tenjiku)

  1. the sky, the heavens
  2. a high place, the top of something, a summit

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  3. 3.0 3.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan