寿司

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Japanese[edit]

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寿司: a plate of temaki-zushi (hand-rolled sushi).
Kanji in this term
寿

Grade: S

Grade: 4
kun'yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From 酸し (sushi, sour), the archaic (shi) terminal-form conjugation of modern 酸い (sui, sour).[1][2]

Historically, sushi was originally a form of fish that had been salted and fermented for preservation without refrigeration. The fish was sometimes packed with rice or rice mixed with vinegar in order to speed the fermentation process. In the Edo period, this was also known as hayazushi (早鮨, 早鮓) when packed in layers, pressed, and fermented for just one night. Something similar is still prepared today as narezushi (馴鮨, 熟鮨) that relies on fermentation with no added vinegar.

The kanji spellings for sushi are ateji.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

寿司 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 壽司, hiragana すし, romaji sushi)

  1. sushi: vinegared rice served with fish or vegetables, etc.

Usage notes[edit]

Sushi may be counted a number of ways:

Historically, かん or (​kan) is apparently a relatively recent innovation, appearing in the 1970s. In the Edo period when modern sushi first starts to appear, and all the way through the Meiji or Taishō periods, records only show the use of the generic (​tsu) and (​ko) counters.[4]

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

寿司 (hiragana ひさし, romaji Hisashi)

  1. A male given name

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  4. ^ 2004 04, 飯田朝子 (Asako Iida), 町田健 (Ken Machida) editor, 数え方の辞典 (Kazoekata no Jiten, “Counter Dictionary”)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shōgakukan, retrieved on 2013-07-08:
    『改訂食品事典』(1974)によると、昭和時代、仕上げた料理を2個盛り付けることを料理人の間で「にかん盛り」と言うようになり、「かん」を「個」の意味で使ったとあります。
    According to the Revised Food Dictionary (1974), it was in the Shōwa period that chefs started to call a plate with two completed sushi servings a “two-kan plate”, using “kan” to mean “piece”.

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. 寿
trad. 壽司

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin shòusī
Zhuyin ㄕㄡˋ ㄙ
IPA (key) /ʂoʊ̯⁵¹ sz̩⁵⁵/

Noun[edit]

寿司 (simplified, Pinyin shòusī, traditional 壽司)

  1. sushi