旦那

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Japanese[edit]

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Kanji in this term
だん
Grade: S

Grade: S
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 旦那 (dɑ̀n nɑ), 檀那 (dhɑn nɑ), both used as transliterations of Sanskrit दान (dāna, generosity, giving, donating).[1][2] Ultimately cognate with English donate.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

旦那 (hiragana だんな, romaji danna)

  1. (Buddhism) generosity as one of the Buddhist perfections (पारमिता (pāramitā))
  2. (Buddhism) a donation of money, goods, or service to monks or a temple
  3. (Buddhism) a person who makes such a donation: a patron
  4. (archaic) in the Japanese medieval period, overnight visitors to a shrine or temple
  5. broadly, a patron, a husband, a master:
    1. (honorific) a master of servants, a boss of employees, the master of the house
    2. (honorific) by extension, an honorific for one's own or someone else's husband
    3. (honorific) also by extension, used by shopkeepers to address a male customer or by an artisan to refer to one's own school or lineage
    4. (honorific) a term used by a concubine, mistress, or geisha to refer to one's own patron: a sugar daddy
    5. (honorific) a term used by female servants to refer to the mistress of the house

Usage notes[edit]

The husband, master, and patron senses may be the most commonly used meanings in modern Japanese.

When referring to another person's husband, this term is often suffixed with (​sama) as 旦那様 (danna-sama).

The patron sense in Buddhist contexts is often spelled 檀那.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9