歪む

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひず
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Unknown. Possible shared root with (hiji, elbow) and (hiza, knee), related to ideas of bending.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

歪む (transitive and intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana ひずむ, romaji hizumu, historical hiragana ひづむ)

  1. (intransitive): to become bent, deformed, warped, twisted, crooked
  2. (transitive): to bend or warp something:
    1. to bend something, to warp or distort something
    2. to bend or fold something into itself so it becomes smaller
    3. (figuratively) to berate or torment someone
Usage notes[edit]

ひずむ (hizumu) can be used to describe:

but cannot be used to describe:

  • facial expressions

ひずむ (hizumu) implies that the subject is difficult to see or hear properly due to noise, distortion, or other impurity. It is used less to describe specific shapes, and more to describe noise in images or audio.

Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ゆが
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Unknown. Possibly related to (yumi, a bow), which appears in compounds as (yu).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

歪む (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana ゆがむ, romaji yugamu)

  1. to deform, to bend, to become warped or twisted
  2. to become improper or irregular, such as emotions or actions
  3. to deviate from a previous stance or favorable direction
  4. to speak in a strong accent
Usage notes[edit]

ゆがむ (yugamu) can be used to describe:

but cannot be used to describe:

  • audio

ゆがむ (yugamu) implies that a shape or form has become distorted or deformed for some reason. This can be used to describe three-dimensional objects or lines, but is more often used to describe flat objects. ゆがむ often carries negative connotations.

Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
いが
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Phonetic alteration from ゆがむ (yugamu).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

歪む (transitive and intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana いがむ, romaji igamu)

  1. (intransitive): to become bent or deformed:
    1. to deform, to bend, to become warped or twisted
    2. to become improper or irregular, such as emotions or actions
    3. to become sick (as used by carpenters and performers)
  2. (transitive): to steal something
Usage notes[edit]

The ゆがむ (yugamu) reading is generally more common for the intransitive senses.

Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan