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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 119 +7, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜水火木 (YEFD), four-corner 27904)

  1. polish
  2. bright, radiant
  3. smiling

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 909, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26966
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1335, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3148, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+7CB2

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (粲), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 蒼案切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɑnH/ /t͡sʰɑnH/ /t͡sʰɑnH/ /t͡sʰɑnH/ /t͡sʰanH/ /t͡sʰɑnH/ /t͡sʰɑnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
càn ‹ tshanH › /*[tsʰ]ˤar-s/ bright and white

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1119 1 /*sʰaːns/ 聲符本歺又,粲爲去蕪取精,與之同源

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chan) (hangeul , revised chan, McCune-Reischauer ch'an, Yale chan)

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