難い

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
かた > がた
Grade: 6
Kanji in this term
にく
Grade: 6

Etymology[edit]

From the attributive form of the Early Middle Japanese adjective katashi: /kataki/ > /katai/, with the medial /-k-/ falling out.

Adjective[edit]

難い (-i inflection, hiragana かたい, romaji katai)

  1. (archaic) difficult

Usage notes[edit]

  • The independent usage described above is rare in modern Japanese. Used primarily as a suffix as described below.

Adjective[edit]

難い (-i inflection, hiragana がたい, romaji gatai)

  1. a suffix attaching to the adverbial form of a verb and expressing the difficulty or inability of doing the action
    • c. 935: Tosa Nikki (page 3)
      年頃よく比べつる人々なむ、別れ難く思ひて、日しきりに、とかくしつゝ、のゝしるうちに、夜更けぬ。

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

難い (-i inflection, hiragana にくい, romaji nikui)

  1. a suffix attaching to the adverbial form of a verb and expressing the difficulty of doing the action

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1989, Masaharu Hasegawa; Yūichirō Imanishi, Hiroshi Itō, Hiroshi Yoshioka, Shin Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei 24: Tosa Nikki, Kagerō Nikki, Murasaki Shikibu Nikki, Sarashina Nikki, Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4-00-240024-7: