welcome

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English welcome, wolcume, wulcume, wilcume, from Old English wilcuma ("one whose coming is pleasant, a welcome person or thing, a guest"; compare also wilcume (welcome!, interjection)), from Proto-Germanic *weljakwumô (a comer, a welcomed guest), equivalent to will (desire) +‎ come (comer, arrival). Cognate with Scots walcome (welcome), West Frisian wolkom (welcome), Dutch welkom (welcome), German willkommen (welcome), Danish and Norwegian velkommen (welcome), Swedish välkommen (welcome), Icelandic velkomin (welcome).

Similar constructions are common in Romance languages, such as Italian benvenuto, Spanish bienvenido, French bienvenue and Portuguese bem-vindo, each meaning “[may you have fared] well [in] coming [here]”. These do not derive from Classic Latin, where a similar construction is not found, and presumably are instead the result of a calque from Germanic to Proto-Romance (Vulgar Latin).

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

welcome

  1. Greeting given upon someone's arrival.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

welcome (third-person singular simple present welcomes, present participle welcoming, simple past and past participle welcomed)

  1. To affirm or greet the arrival of someone, especially by saying "Welcome!".
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, The Celebrity:
      But Miss Thorn relieved the situation by laughing aloud, [] . By the time we reached the house we were thanking our stars she had come. Mrs. Cooke came out from under the port-cochere to welcome her.
  2. To accept something willingly or gladly.
    We welcome suggestions for improvement.

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

welcome (comparative more welcome, superlative most welcome)

  1. Whose arrival is a cause of joy; received with gladness; admitted willingly to the house, entertainment, or company.
    • Cowper
      When the glad soul is made Heaven's welcome guest.
    a welcome visitor
  2. Producing gladness.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 7, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      “A very welcome, kind, useful present, that means to the parish. By the way, Hopkins, let this go no further. We don't want the tale running round that a rich person has arrived. Churchill, my dear fellow, we have such greedy sharks, and wolves in lamb's clothing.  []
    a welcome present;  welcome news
  3. Free to have or enjoy gratuitously.
    You are welcome to the use of my library.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

welcome (plural welcomes)

  1. The act of greeting someone’s arrival, especially by saying "Welcome!"; reception.
  2. The utterance of such a greeting.
  3. Kind reception of a guest or newcomer.
    We entered the house and found a ready welcome.
    • Shenstone
      his warmest welcome at an inn
    • South
      Truth finds an entrance and a welcome too.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Derived terms[edit]