On March 4, 1681, Charles II of England granted a land tract to William Penn for the area that now includes Pennsylvania. Penn then founded a colony there as a place of religious freedom for Quakers, and named it for the Latin sylvania, from silvanus, meaning "woods," thus "Pennsylvania."
- A state of the United States of America. Capital: Harrisburg; largest city: Philadelphia.
- The first, and historically largest, now defunct US railroad, a hallmark of the industrial age.
- (US state): PA