User:Ivan Štambuk/MW/7000

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  1. शुभंया (śubhaṃyā) (śubhaṃyā)
    mfn. flying swiftly along RV.
  2. शुभंयु (śubhaṃyu) (śubhaṃyu)
    mfn. loving adornment RV.
    splendid beautiful, handsome Ka1v.
    happy L.
  3. शुभलक्षण (śubhalakṣaṇa) (śubhalakṣaṇa)
    mf(%{A})n. having auspicious marks, characterized by auspiciousness Ka1v. Katha1s.
  4. शुभसूचनी (śubhasūcanī) (śubhasūcanī)
    f. `" indicating good "'N. of a female deity (worshipped by women in times of calamity
    she is also called Su-vacani) L.
  5. शुभ्र (śubhra) (śubhra)
    mf(%{A4}) n. radiant, shining, beautiful, splendid RV. &c. &c.
    clear, spotless (as fame) Pan5cat.
    bright-coloured, white Mn. VarBr2S. &c.
    m. white (the colour)
    sandal
    heaven
    N. of a man g. %{kurv-Adi}
    of the husband of Vikun2t2ha1 and father of Vaikun2t2ha BhP.
    of a poet Cat.
    pl.N. of a people Ma1rkP.
    (%{A}) f. (only L.) crystal
    bamboo-manna
    alum
    N. of the Ganges
    n. (only L.) silver
    talc
    green vitriol
    rock or fossil salt
    the root of Andropogon Muricatus.
  6. शुम्भ (śumbha) (śumbha)
    m. N. of an Asura or demon (slain by Durga1
    he was the son of Gavesht2hin and grandson of Prahla1da) Hariv. R. Pur.
  7. शुल्क (śulka) (śulka)
    m. n. (ifc. f. %{A}) price, value, purchase-money RV.
    the prize of a contest MBh.
    toil, tax, duty, customs (esp. money levied at ferries, passes, and roads) Gaut. A1past. Mn. &c.
    nuptial gift (orig. a price given to parents for the purchase of a bride, but in later times bestowed on the wife as her own property together with the profits of household labour, domestic utensils, ornaments &c.), dower, dowry, marriage settlement Gaut. Vishn2. Mn. &c. (cf. IW. 267)
    wages of prostitution Katha1s. Ma1rkP.
    w.r. for %{zukra} and %{zukla} MBh.
  8. शुल्ब (śulba) (śulba)
    or n. (accord. to some also m. and %{a} or %{I} f.) a string, cord, rope S3rS. Su1ryas. BhP.
  9. शुश्रूषण (śuśrūṣaṇa) (śuśrūṣaṇa)
    n. desire of hearing BhP.
    obedience, service, dutiful homage to (gen. dat. loc., or comp.) MBh. R. &c.
    (ifc.) attention to, maintenance of (fire) MBh.
  10. शुश्रूषा (śuśrūṣā) (śuśrūṣā)
    f. desire or wish to hear Ka1m.
    obsequiousness, reverence, obedience, service (said to be of five kinds (see %{zuzrUSaka}) Mn. MBh. &c.
    saying, speaking, telling
    %{-para} mfn. diligent or attentive in service Katha1s.
  11. शुश्रूषु (śuśrūṣu) (śuśrūṣu)
    mfn. desirous of hearing or learning Nr2isUp. Bhag. &c.
    eager to obey, obedient, attentive, serving, attending on (gen. or comp.) TBr. &c. &c.
  12. शुष्क (śuṣka) (śuṣka)
    1 mf(%{A})n. dried, dried up, dry, arid, parched, shrivelled, emaciated, shrunk, withered, sere RV. &c. &c.
    useless, fruitless, groundless, vain, unprofitable, empty Mn. MBh. &c.
    mere, simple (see %{-gAna})
    m. N. of a man (a relative of Sukha-varman
    cf. %{zuSkaTa-varman}) Ra1jat.
    n. (and m. g. %{ardharcA7di}) anything dry (e.g. dry wood, dry cow-dung &c.) RV. Vishn2.
  13. शुष्ण (śuṣṇa) (śuṣṇa)
    1 m. the sun
    fire
  14. शुष्मिन् (śuṣmin) (śuṣmin)
    mfn. roaring, rushing RV.
    strong, fiery, mettlesome, vigorous, impetuous, courageous, bold ib. &c. &c.
    sexually excited, ruttish (applied to bulls and elephants) MBh. BhP.
    m. pl. N. of a caste living in Kus3a-dvipa (corresponding to the Kshatriyas) Pur.
  15. शूद्र (śūdra) (śūdra)
    m. (of doubtful derivation) a S3u1dra, a man of the fourth or lowest of the four original classes or castes (whose only business accord. to Mn. i, 91, was to serve the three higher classes
    in RV. ix, 20, 12, the S3u1dra is said to have been born from the feet of Purusha q.v.
    in Mn. i, 87 he is fabled to have sprung from the same part of the body of Brahma1, and he is regarded as of higher rank than the present low and mixed castes so numerous throughout India
    %{kevala-z-}, a pure S3S3u1dra) RV. &c. &c. (IW. 212 &c.)
    a man of mixed origin
    N. of a Bra1hman Buddh.
    pl. N. of a people MBh. Pur.
    (%{A} and %{I}) f. see below.
  16. शूद्रक (śūdraka) (śūdraka)
    m. N. of various kings (esp. of the author of the drama called Mr2icchakat2ika1) Mr2icch. Katha1s. Hit. &c.
  17. शून (śūna) (śūna)
    mfn. (Pa1n2. 7-2, 14) swelled, swollen (esp. `" morbidly "'), increased, grown Sus3r.
    m. N. of a man MBh.
    (%{zU4na}) n. emptiness (orig. `" swollen state "', `" hollowness "' cf. %{zUnya} below), lack, want, absence RV.
    a partic. incorrect pronunciation (esp. of vowels) RPra1t. see p. 1085, col. 1. &c. see p. 1085, col. 1.
  18. शून्य (śūnya) (śūnya)
    mf(%{A}) n. empty, void (with %{vAjin} = `" a riderless horse "'
    with %{rAjya} = `" a kingless kingdom "'), hollow, barren, desolate, deserted Br. &c. &c. [1085,2]
    empty i.e. vacant (as a look or stare), absent, absentminded, having no certain object or aim, distracted MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    empty i.e. possessing nothing, wholly destitute MBh. Katha1s.
    wholly alone or solitary, having no friends or companions R. BhP.
    void of, free from, destitute of (instr. or comp.), wanting, lacking Ka1v. Katha1s. Pur. Sarvad. non-existent, absent, missing Ka1v. Pan5cat.
    vain, idle, unreal, nonsensical R. Ra1jat. Sarvad.
    void of results, ineffectual (%{a-zUnyaM-kR}, `" to effect "', accomplish "') S3ak. Ratna7v.
    free from sensitiveness or sensation (said of the skin), insensible Bhpr.
    bare, naked MW.
    guileless, innocent ib.
    indifferent ib.
    (%{A}) f. a hollow reed
    a barren woman
    Cactus Indicus = %{malI} (for %{nalI}?)
    n. a void, vacuum, empty or deserted place, desert (%{zUnye}, in a lonely place) MBh. R. &c.
    (in phil.)vacuity, nonentity, absolute non-existence (esp. with Buddhists) IW. 83 n. 3
    105, n.4 MWB.7 n. 1
    142
    N. of Brahma MW.
    (in arithm.) nought, a cypher VarBr2S. Gan2it. (cf. IW. 183)
    space, heaven, atmosphere
    a partic. phenomenon in the sky.
    an earring (see next). [Cf. Gk. $, $
    $. &328360[1085,2] $.]
  19. शून्यता (śūnyatā) (śūnyatā)
    f. emptiness, loneliness, desolateness R. VarBr2. &c. (cf. %{a-zUnyatA})
    absence of mind, distraction Sus3r. Sarvad.
    vacancy (of gaze) Dhu1rtas.
    (ifc.) absence or want of Ca1n2. Kum.
    nothingness, non-existence, non-reality, illusory nature (of all worldly phenomena) S3is3. Sarvad. %{-samApti} f. N. of wk.
  20. शून्यत्व (śūnyatva) (śūnyatva)
    n. = %{-tA} Ka1v. Ra1jat. Sarvad.
  21. शून्यवादिन् (śūnyavādin) (śūnyavādin)
    m. the affirmer of a void (i.e. of the non-existence of any Spirit, divine or human), a Buddhist, atheist W. MWB. 7
    142
  22. शूर (śūra) (śūra)
    mfn. (prob. fr. 1 . %{zU} = %{zvi} and connected with %{zavas}, %{zuna}, %{zUna}) strong, powerful, valiant, heroic, brave (cf. %{-tama} and %{-tara}) RV. MBh.
    m. a strong or mighty or valiant man, warrior, champion, hero, one who acts heroically towards, any one (loc.) or with regard to anything (loc. instr., or comp.
    ifc. f. %{A}) RV. &c. &c.
    heroism (?, = or w.r. for %{zaurya}) Ka1v.
    a lion
    a tiger or panther
    a boar
    a dog
    a cock
    white rice
    lentil
    Arthocarpus Locucha
    Vatica Robusta
    N. of a Ya1dava, the father of Vasu-deva and grandfather of Kr2ishn2a MBh.
    of a Sauviraka ib.
    of a son of Ilina ib.
    of a son of Ka1rtavi1rya Hariv. Pur.
    of a son of Vidu1ratha ib.
    of a son of Deva-mid2husha ib.
    of a son of Bhajama1na Hariv.
    of a son of Vasu-deva BhP.
    of a son of Vatsa-pri1 Ma1rkP.
    of a poet Cat.
    of various other men Buddh. Ra1jat.
    w.r. for %{sUra}
    (pl.) N. of a people MBh. Hariv. [Cf. Gk. $ in $.] &328609[1086,1]
  23. शूरसेन (śūrasena) (śūrasena)
    m. N. of the country about Mathura1 Pan5car.
    a king of Mathura1 (and ruler of the Yadus, applied to Vishn2u and Ugra-sena) MBh. Hariv.
    N. of a son of Ka1rtavi1rya Hariv.
    of a son of S3atru-ghna VP.
    of various other men Katha1s.
    pl. N. of the people inhabiting the above country (also %{-naka} and %{-na-ja}) Mn. MBh. &c.
    (%{A}) f. N. of the city of Mathura1 R.
    (%{I}) f. a princess of the S3u1ra-senas MBh. (cf. Pa1n2. 4-1, 177).
  24. शूर्प (śūrpa) (śūrpa)
    n. (and m. g. %{ardharcA7di}
    also written %{sUrpa}) a winnowing basket or fan (i.e. a kind of wicker receptacle which, when shaken about, serves as a fan for winnowing corn
    also personified as a Gandharva) VS. &c. &c.
    a measure of 2 Dron2as S3a1rn3gS.
    (%{I}) f. (g. %{gaurA7di}) a small winnowing basket or fan (used as a child's toy)
    = %{zUrpaNakhA} (q.v.) L.
  25. शूर्पणखा (śūrpaṇakhā) (śūrpaṇakhā)
    (rarely %{-NakhI}) f. (wrongly %{-nakhA}, %{-khI}
    cf. Pa1n2. 4-1
    58) `" having fingernails like wwinnowing fans "' N. of the sister of Ra1van2a (she fell in love with Ra1ma-candra and, being rejected by him and insulted by Si1ta1's laughter, assumed a hideous form and threatened to eat her up, but was beaten off by Lakshman2a, who cut off her ears and nose and thus doubly disfigured her
    in revenge she incited her brother to carry off Si1ta1) MBh. R.
  26. शूल (śūla) (śūla)
    m. n. (ifc. f. %{A}) a sharp iron pin or stake, spike, spit (on which meat is roasted) RV. &c. &c.
    any sharp instrument or pointed dart, lance, pike, spear (esp. the trident of S3iva) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a stake for impaling criminals (%{zUlam@A-ruh}, `" to be fixed on a stake, suffer impalement "'
    with Caus. of %{A-ruh}, `" to fix on a stake, have any one [acc.] impaled "' cf. %{zUlA7dhiropita} &c.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    any sharp or acute pain (esp. that of colic or gout) Ka1v. VarBr2S. Sus3r.
    pain, grief, sorrow MBh. Hariv.
    death
    a flag, banner
    = %{-yoga} (q.v.) VarBr2S.
    (%{A}) f. a stake (= %{zUla})
    a harlot, prostitute Va1s.
    Krit2t2anim.
    (%{I}) f. a kind of grass L.
  27. सृगाल (sṛgāla) (sṛgāla)
    m. (also written %{zRgAla}
    of doubtful derivation), a jackal S3Br. &c. &c.
    a partic. tree MBh. (Ni1lak.)
    N. of a Va1sudeva (ruler of Karavira-pura Hariv.
    of a Daitya
    a rogue, cheat W.
    a coward, poltroon ib.
    an ill-natured or harsh-speaking man ib.
    (%{I}) f. a female jackal Pan5cat. Katha1s.
    a fox W.
    flight, retreat
    tumult, uproar (= %{Damara})
    Asteracantha Longifolia
    (prob.) Batatas Paniculata (cf. %{sRgAlikA}) L.
  28. शृङ्ग (śṛṅga) (śṛṅga)
    n. (perhaps connected with %{ziras}, %{zIrSan}
    ifc. f. %{A}, or %{I}) the horn of an animal, a horn used for various purposes (as in drinking, for blowing, drawing blood from the skin &c.) RV. &c. &c.
    the tusk of an elephant R. Ka1m.
    the top or summit of a mountain, a peak, crag MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    the summit of a building, pinnacle, turret ib. [1087,2]
    any peak or projection or lofty object, elevation, point, end, extremity AV. Kum. Gi1t.
    a cusp or horn of the moon R. Hariv. VarBr2S.
    highest point, acme, height or perfection of anything Hariv. 6424
    the horn as a symbol of self reliance or strength or haughtiness Ragh.
    the rising of desire, excess of love or passion (cf. %{zRGgAra}) Sa1h.
    a partic. military array in the form of a horn or crescent MBh. vi, 2413
    a syringe, water-engine Ragh. S3is3.
    the female breast BhP.
    a lotus
    agallochum
    a mark, token, sign
    = %{zazazRGga} "', hare's horn "', anything impossible or extra ordinary, Kusum.
    m. a kind of medicinal or poisonous plant
    N. of a Muni (of whom, in some parts of India, on occasions of drought, earthen images are said to be made and worshipped for rain) MW. (%{I}) f. see s.v. [Cf. Lat. {cornu}
    Goth. {ha4urn}
    Germ., Eng. {horn}.]
  29. शृङ्गक (śṛṅgaka) (śṛṅgaka)
    m. n. (ifc. f. %{ikA}) a horn or anything pointed like a horn MBh. Katha1s. Hcat.
    a syringe Ratna7v.
    a cusp or horn of the moon Cat.
    m. a kind of plant (= %{jIvaka})
    (%{ikA}) f. a kind of flute Sam2gi1t.
    aconite
    a kind of gall-nut
    a kind of Betula or birch tree
  30. शृङ्गार (śṛṅgāra) (śṛṅgāra)
    m. (prob. connected with %{zRGga} as %{vRndAra} with %{vRnda}) love (as `" the horned "' or `" the strong one'?), sexual passion or desire or enjoyment Ka1v. Ra1jat. &c.
    (in rhet.) the erotic sentiment (one of the 8 or 10 Rasas q.v.
    it has Vishn2u for its tutelary deity and black for its colour
    accord. to most authorities it is of two kinds, viz. %{sambhoga} "', mutual enjoyment "', and %{vipralambha}, `" deception, disappointment "', to which by some is added as third %{a-yoga}, `" separation "') Bhar. Das3ar. Sa1h. &c.
    a dress suitable for amorous purposes, elegant dress, line garments, finery Ka1v. Pan5cat. Katha1s. &c.
    the ornaments on an elephant (esp. red marks on its head and trunk)(cf. %{-dhArin})
    any mark MW.
    (also with %{bhaTTa}) N. of various persons (esp. of a poet) Ra1jat. Cat.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a woman Inscr.
    (%{am}) n. (only L.) gold
    red-lead
    fragrant powder for the dress or person
    cloves
    undried ginger
    black aloe-wood
    mfn. handsome, pretty, dainty, fine MBh. R.
  31. शृङ्गारिन् (śṛṅgārin) (śṛṅgārin)
    mfn. feeling love or amorous passion, enamoured, impassioned Ka1v. Sch.
    erotic, relating to love Das3ar.
    adorned, beautifully dressed Va1s.
    stained with red-lead W.
    m. an impassioned lover ib.
    dress, decoration ib.
    an elephant
    the betel-nut tree
    a ruby(?), Pracan2d2.
    (%{iNI}) f. a mistress, wife Inscr.
  32. शृङ्गिन् (śṛṅgin) (śṛṅgin)
    mfn. horned, crested, peaked (ifc. having horns of -) RV. &c. &c.
    tusked MBh.
    having a sting (see %{viSa-zR-})
    breasted (in %{cAru-zR-}, beautifully breasted) BhP.
    m. `" a horned or tusked animal "', a bull
    elephant
    a mountain
    Ficus Infectoria
    Spondias Mangifera
    a partic. bulbous plant (= %{vRSabha})
    N. of a mythical mountain or mountain-range forming one of the boundaries of the earth (see %{zaila}) VP.
    of a R2ishi MBh. Hariv.
    (%{iNI}) f. a cow
    Cardiospermum Halicacabum
    Jasminum Sambac
  33. शृङ्गेरि (śṛṅgeri) (śṛṅgeri)
    or (prob.) f. (for %{zRGgagiri}) N. of a hill and town in Mysore RTL. 55.
  34. शेखर (śekhara) (śekhara)
    m. (fr. or connected with %{zikhara}) the top or crown of the head Katha1s.
    a chaplet or wreath of flowers worn on the top of the head, crown, diadem, crest Hariv. Ka1m. Pur. &c.
    a peak, summit, crest (of a mountain) ib. Ra1jat.
    (mostly ifc.) the highest part, chief or head or best or most beautiful of (%{-tA} f.), R2it. Caurap. Dhu1rtas.
    (in music) a partic. Dhruva or introductory verse of a song (recurring as a kind of refrain)
    N. of an author (with %{bhaTTa}) Cat.
    of a grammatical work ib.
    (%{I}) f. Vanda Roxburghii
    n. cloves
    the root of Moringa Pterygosperma L.
  35. शेखरापीडयोजन (śekharāpīḍayojana) (śekharāpīḍayojana)
    n. N. of one of the 64 Kala1s or arts BhP. Sch.
  36. शेपान (śepāna) (śepāna)
    see %{zap}, p. 1052, col. 1.
  37. शेफ (śepha) (śepha)
    m. (cf. %{zapha4}, %{ziphA4}) = %{zepa}, the male organ TS. (v.l.) MBh.
    the scrotum (du. `" the testicles "') AitBr.
  38. शेव (śeva) (śeva)
    mfn. (prob. fr. %{zvi}, and connected with %{zavas} and %{ziva}) dear, precious
    m. (only L.) the male organ (cf. %{zepa})
    a serpent
    a fish
    height, elevation
    treasure, wealth
    N. of Agni
    (%{A}) f. the form of the Lin3ga
    n. prosperity, happiness W.
    hail, homage (an exclamation or salutation addressed to the deities) ib.
  39. शेष (śeṣa) (śeṣa)
    &c. see p. 1088, col. 3. m. n. (fr. 2. %{ziS}) remainder, that which remains or is left, leavings, residue (pl. `" all the others "'), surplus, balance, the rest (%{zeSe} loc. `" for the rest "', `" in all other cases "'
    %{zeSe@rAtrau}, `" during the rest of the night "'
    %{mama@zeSam@asti}, `" there remains something to happen to me "')
    that which has to be supplied (e.g. any word or words which have been omitted in a sentence
    %{iti@zeSaH}, `" so it was left to be supplied "', a phrase commonly used by Comm. in supplying any words necessary to elucidate the text)
    that which is saved or spared or allowed to escape (nom. with %{as}, or %{bhU}, `" to be spared "'
    %{zeSaM-kR} "', to spare "', `" allow to escape "'
    %{zeSam@avA7p} `" to escape "') Mn. MBh. R. &c.
    remaining (used as an adj. at the end of adj. comp. [f. %{A}], cf. %{kathA-z-}, %{kRtya-z-}) AitBr. &c. &c.
    remaining out of or from, left from (with abl. or loc. e.g. %{prayAtebhyo@ye@zeSAH}, `" the persons left out of those who had departed "'
    but mostly ifc. after a pp. in comp. e.g. %{bhukta-zeSa}, `" remaining from a meal "', `" remnant of food "'
    %{hata-zeSAH}, `" those left out of the slain "', `" the survivors "' &c.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    end, issue, conclusion, finish, result RV. 77, 15
    last, last-mentioned Ra1jat.
    a supplement, appendix Nir. iii, 13
    a keepsake, token of remembrance Das3.
    secondary matter, accident Ka1tyS3r. Sch.
    death, destruction W.
    m. N. of a celebrated mythological thousand-headed serpent regarded as the emblem of eternity (whence he is also called An-anta "', the infinite "'
    in the Vishn2u-Pura1n2a he and the serpents Va1suki and Takshaka are described as sons of Kadru, but in one place S3esha alone is called king of the Na1gas or snakes inhabiting Pa1ta1la, while elsewhere Va1suki also is described as king of the Nagas and Takshaka of the serpents
    the thousand headed S3esha is sometimes represented as forming the couch and canopy of Vishn2u whilst sleeping during the intervals of creation, sometimes as supporting the seven Pa1ta1las with the seven regions above them and therefore the entire world [1089,1]
    he is said to have taught astronomy to Garga
    according to some legends he became incarnate in Bala-ra1ma q.v.) MBh. Hariv. Pur. &c. (RTL. 105
    112
    232 n. r)
    N. of one of the Praja1-patis R. VP.
    of a Muni MW.
    (also with %{AcArya}, %{dIkSita}, %{zAstrin} &c.) of various authors (cf. below)
    of one of the mythical elephants that support the earth
    a kind of metre
    (%{A}) f. pl. the remains of flowers or other offerings made to an idol and afterwards distributed amongst the worshippers and attendants (sg. `" a garden made of the remains of flowers "') MBh. R. &c.
    (%{I}) f. N. of a woman Cat.
    n. see above.
  40. शइक्य (śaikya) (śaikya)
    mfn. (fr. %{zikya}) suspended in the loop of a yoke (or m. `" a kind of sling "' MBh. ii, 1916) Un2. v, 16 Sch.
    damasked (?) MBh.
    pointed (for %{zaikhya}) MW.
  41. शइत्य (śaitya) (śaitya)
    n. (fr. %{zIta}) coldness, frigidity, cold Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
  42. शइब्य (śaibya) (śaibya)
    mfn. (often written %{zaivya}) relating or belonging to the S3ibis AitBr.
    m. a descendant of S3ibi or king of the S3bis Pras3nUp. MBh. &c.
    N. of one of the four horses of Vishn2u MBh. Hariv. BhP.
    (%{A}) f. (cf. under %{zaiba}) N. of various princesses MBh. Can2d2.
    of a river MBh.
  43. शइल (śaila) (śaila)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{zilA}) made of stone, stony, rocky MBh. Hariv. &c.
    stone-like, rigid (with %{Asana} n. a partic. manner of sitting) Cat.
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) a rock, crag, hill, mountain (there are seven [or, accord, to some, eight] mythical mountain ranges separating the divisions of the earth, viz. %{niSadha}, %{hema-kUTa}, %{nIla}, %{zveta}, %{zRn3gin}, %{mAlyavat}, %{gandha-mAdana} VP.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    N. of the number `" seven "' Gan2it.
    a dike MW.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a nun DivyA7v.
    (%{I}) f. see below
    n. (only L.) benzoin or storax
    bitumen
    a sort of collyrium.
  44. शइलपुत्री (śailaputrī) (śailaputrī)
    f. = %{-kanyA} MBh. Hariv. R.
    N. of the Ganges R.
  45. शइलमय (śailamaya) (śailamaya)
    mf(%{I})n. made or consisting of stone Hariv. R. &c.
  46. शइलूष (śailūṣa) (śailūṣa)
    m. (said to be fr. %{zilUSa}) an actor, public dancer, tumbler &c. VS. &c. &c.
    the leader of a band, one who beats time (= %{tAladhAraka})
    a rogue
    Aegle Marmelos Bhpr.
    N. of a Gandharva king MBh. R.
    (pl.) of a people Ma1rkP.
    (%{I}) f. an actress, female dancer MBh.
  47. शइव (śaiva) (śaiva)
    1 mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{ziva}) relating or belonging or sacred to the god S3iva, coming or derived from S3iva R. Katha1s. Pur. &c.
    m. patr. fr. %{ziva} Pa1n2. 4-1, 112
    `" a worshipper or follower of S3iva "'N. of one of the three great divisions of modern Hindu1ism (the other two being the Vaishn2avas and S3a1ktas, qq. vv.
    the S3aivas identify S3iva-rather than Brahma1 and Vishn2u-with the Supreme Being and are exclusively devoted to his worship, regarding him as the source and essence of the universe as well as its disintegrator and destroyer
    the temples dedicated to him in his reproducing and vivifying character [as denoted by the Lin3ga q.v.] are scattered all over India
    the various sects of S3aivas are described in RTL. 86 &c.)
    a particular religious rite in honour of Durga1 (consisting of devout meditation and prostration of the body) MW.
    the thorn-apple
    a kind of plant (= %{vasuka})
    (with Jainas)N. of the fifth black Va1sudeva
    (%{I}) f. N. of the goddess Ma1nasa1 Cat.
    n. auspiciousness, welfare, prosperity BhP.
    N. of a S3a1stra and of a Tantra and of a Pura1n2a (see below).2 Vr2iddhi form of %{ziva} in comp.3 n. a kind of aquatic plant, Blyxa Octandra4 w.r. for %{zaiba}.
  48. शोक (śoka) (śoka)
    mfn. ( %{zuc}) burning, hot AV.
    (%{zo4ka}) m. (ifc. f. %{A}) flame, glow, heatS3Br.
    sorrow, affliction, anguish, pain, trouble, grief for (gen. or comp.) RV. &c. &c.
    Sorrow personified (as a son of Death or of Dron2a and Abhimati) Pur.
    (%{I}) f. see below.
  49. शोकवत् (śokavat) (śokavat)
    mfn. sorrowful ib.
  50. शोण (śoṇa) (śoṇa)
    mf(%{A} or %{I})n. red, crimson, purple RV. &c. &c.
    m. redness BhP.
    fire
    Bignonia Indica or a variety of it
    red sugar cane
    a chestnut or bay horse
    the river S3ona or Sone (also %{A}, f.
    it rises in Gondwana in the district of Nagpore, on the table-land of Amara-kan2t2aka, four or five miles east of the source of the Narmada1 [Nerbudda], and running first northerly and then easterly for 500 miles falls into the Ganges above Pa1t2ali-putra or Patna1) MBh. R. &c.
    N. of a partic. ocean
    of a man g. %{naDA7di}
    of a prince of the Pan5ca1las S3Br.
    (%{A}) f. see above
    n. blood
    red-lead L.
  51. शोणित (śoṇita) (śoṇita)
    mfn. red W.
    n. (ifc. f. %{A}) blood (also pl.) Gr2S3rS. &c. &c. [1091,3]
    the sap of trees, resin Sus3r.
    saffron Bhpr.
  52. शोधन (śodhana) (śodhana)
    mfn. cleaning, purifying, cleansing, refining, purgative Mn. MBh. Sus3r.
    m. the citron tree
    Alangium Hexapetalum
    (%{I}) f. see below
    (%{am}) n. the act of cleaning, purifying, correcting, improving Nir. Ka1tyS3r. MBh. &c.
    refining (as of metals for chemical or medicinal purposes) W.
    a means of purification Mn. Sus3r.
    clearing up, sifting, investigation, examination, correction Ka1m. Hit. Ya1jn5. Sch.
    payment, acquittance W.
    justifying, exculpating R.
    expiation MW.
    retaliation, punishment ib.
    removal, eradication Mn. MBh. &c.
    (in arithm.) subtraction, Bi1jag.
    excrement, ordure ib.
    green vitriol ib.
  53. शोधनीय (śodhanīya) (śodhanīya)
    mfn. to be cleansed or purified Kull.
    to be discharged or paid Katha1s.
    serving for purification Sus3r. [1092,1]
    to be corrected W.
    to be subtracted ib.
    n. a means of cleansing or purifying Sus3r.
  54. शोधित (śodhita) (śodhita)
    mfn. (fr. id.) cleansed, purified refined corrected &c.
    removed Ka1m.
    justified, exculpated Mn. viii, 202
    discharged, liquidated (as a debt) W.
  55. शोभन (śobhana) (śobhana)
    mf(%{A} or %{I})n. brilliant, splendid, beautiful (at end of comp. = `" beautiful by reason of "') S3Br. Kaus3. MBh. &c.
    excellent, glorious, magnificent, distinguished in or by (instr. or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (ifc.) superior to, better than BhP. propitious, auspicious VarBr2S. Ra1jat.
    virtuous, moral (see comp.)
    correct, right Sarvad.
    m. N. of Agni at the S3un3ga1-karman Gr2ihya1s.
    of S3iva MBh.
    a burnt offering for auspicious results W.
    the fifth of the astron. Yogas.
    a planet
    the eleventh year of Jupiter's cycle MW.
    (%{A}) f. a beautiful woman (often in voc.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    turmeric
    the yellow pigment Go-rocana1
    N. of one of the Ma1tr2is attending on Skanda MBh.
    (%{am}) n. the act of adorning, causing to look beautiful MW.
    an ornament (see %{karNa-z-})
    anything propitious or auspicious, welfare, prosperity R. Pur.
    moral good, virtue ib. brilliance MW.
    a lotus
    tin
    (with %{kazyapasya}) N. of a Sa1man A1rshBr.
  56. शोभा (śobhā) (śobhā)
    f. (ifc. f. %{A}) splendour, brilliance, lustre, beauty, grace, loveliness (%{kA@zobhA} with loc., `" what beauty is there [in that] "' i.e. `" it has no beauty "'
    %{zobhAM@na-kR}, `" to look bad or ugly "'
    ifc. often = `" splendid "', `" excellent "' e.g. %{zaurya-zobhA}, `" splendid heroism "'
    %{karma-zobhA}, `" a masterpiece "') TS. &c. &c.
    distinguished merit W.
    colour, hue VarBr2S. Mudr.
    wish, desire
    a kind of metre Col.
    turmeric
    the yellow pigment Go-rocana1 L.
  57. शोभिन् (śobhin) (śobhin)
    mfn. brilliant, splendid, beautiful MBh.
    (ifc.) resplendent with, beautified by MBh. Ka1v. &c. (also for %{zobha} = %{zobhA}
    e.g. %{anumeya-zobhin}, `" whose splendour may be infered from "' Kum. i, 37).
  58. शउच (śauca) (śauca)
    m. (fr. %{zuci}) N. of a man (also called A1hneya) TA1r.
    n. cleanness, purity, purification (esp. from defilement caused by the death of a relation) A1s3vS3r. Mn. MBh. &c.
    purity of mind, integrity, honesty (esp. in money-matters) MBh. R. &c.
    (with Buddhists) self-purification (both external and internal) MWB. 240
    evacuation of excrement MW.
  59. शउण्ड (śauṇḍa) (śauṇḍa)
    mf(%{A}, or %{I})n. (fr. %{zuNDA}) fond of spirituous liquor, addicted to drinking MBh. Ma1rkP.
    drunk, intoxicated
    (ifc.) passionately fond of or devoted to (%{-tA} f.) MBh. R. &c.
    skilled in, familiar with BhP.
    being the pride of Ba1lar. x, 0/1
    m. a cock
    (%{A}) f. spirituous liquor (ifc. perhaps w.r. for %{zuNDa}) R.
    (%{I}) f. long pepper or Piper Chaba Bhpr.
    = %{kaTabhI} (a tree)
    a line of clouds
  60. शउद्र (śaudra) (śaudra)
    mfn. relating or belonging to a S3u1dra S3Br. MBh.
    m. the son of a man of either of the first three classes by a S3u1dra woman (the last of the twelve kinds of sons acknowledged in the ancient Hindu1 law) Mn. ix, 160.
  61. शउनक (śaunaka) (śaunaka)
    m. (patr. fr. %{zunaka} g. %{bidA7di}) N. of various authors and teachers (also with Indro7ta and Svaida1yana
    esp. of the celebrated grammarian, author of the Rig-veda Pra1tis3a1khya, the Br2ihad-devata1, and various other wks.
    he is described as the teacher of Ka1tya1yana and especially of A1svala1yana
    he is said to have united the Ba1shkala and S3a1kala S3a1kha1s, and is sometimes identified with the Vedic R2ishi Gr2itsa-mada
    but according to the Vishn2u-Pura1n2a, S3S3a1kha1s was a son of Gr2itsamada, and originated the system of four castes
    he is quoted in A1s3vS3r. APra1t. and VPra1t.
    the various legends about him are very confused) S3Br. Up. MBh. &c.
    pl. the descendants and pupils of S3S3a1kha1s Hariv.
    (%{I}) f. a wk. of S3S3a1kha1s (cf. %{laghu-} and %{vRddhazaunakI}).
  62. शउर्य (śaurya) (śaurya)
    n. heroism, valour, prowess, might S3Br. &c. &c.
    the heroic branch of dramatic art (= %{ArabhaTI}) W.
    N. of a village Pat. on Pa1n2. 2-4, 7 Va1rtt. 2.
  63. श्मशान (śmaśāna) (śmaśāna)
    n. (accord. to Kir. iii, 5 for %{zmazayana} above
    but prob. for %{azma-zayana}) an elevated place for burning dead bodies, crematorium, cemetery or burial-place for the bones of cremated corpses AV. &c. &c.
    an oblation to deceased ancestors (= %{pitR-medha} see above) Pa1rGr2. Ka1tyS3r. Sch.
    = %{brahma-randhra}.
  64. श्मश्रु (śmaśru) (śmaśru)
    n. (of unknown derivation, but cf. %{zman})
    the beard, (esp.) moustache, the hairs of the beard (pl.) RV. &c. &c. [Cf. Lith. {smakra4}
    accord. to some also Lat. {maxilla}.]
  65. श्मश्रुल (śmaśrula) (śmaśrula)
    mfn. having a beard, bearded Mn. MBh. &c.
  66. श्याम (śyāma) (śyāma)
    mf(%{A})n. (said to be connected with %{zyai}) black, dark-coloured, dark blue or brown or grey or green, sable, having a dark or swarthy complexion (considered a mark of beauty) AV. &c. &c.
    m. black or blue or green (the colour)
    a cloud
    the Kokila or Indian cuckoo
    a black bull TS. A1s3vS3r.
    N. of various plants (fragrant grass
    thorn-apple
    Artemisia Indica
    Careya Arborea &c.)
    (in music) a partic. Ra1ga Sam2gi1t.
    N. of a son of S3u1ra and brother of Vasudeva Hariv. VP.
    of a modern prince Cat.
    of a mountain MBh.
    of a sacred fig-tree at Praya1ga or Allaha1ba1d R. Ragh. Uttarar.
    pl. N. of a Vedic school (a subdivision of the Maitra1yan2i1yas)
    (%{A}) f. a woman with peculiar marks or characteristics (accord. to some `" a girl who has the marks of puberty "'
    accord. to others `" a woman who has not borne children "'
    also described as `" a female of slender shape "' &c.) S3is3. Sin6ha7s. [1094,3]
    a N. or form of Durga1 (worshipped by the Ta1ntrikas) W.
    N. of Yamuna1
    of a daughter of Meru (an incarnation of Gan3ga1) BhP.
    of a princess, Va1s3., Introd.
    of another woman MBh.
    of a goddess who executes the commands of the 6th Arhat or of the mother of the 13th Arhat (with Jainas)
    a kind of bird (either `" the female of the Indian cuckoo "' or `" a hen-sparrow "') VarBr2S. Pan5cat.
    N. of various plants (= %{gundrA}, %{priyaGgu}, %{sArivA} &c.) R. Sus3r.
    night (see %{zyAmA-cara})
    the earth Gal.
    N. of a river Ma1rkP.
    n. black pepper
    sea-salt L.
  67. श्यामक (śyāmaka) (śyāmaka)
    mfn. dark-coloured, dark VarBr2S.
    m. Panicum Frumentaceum (a kind of cultivated millet)
    a gramineous plant MW.
    N. of a man g. %{bidA7di}
    of a brother of Vasu-deva BhP.
    a patr. g. %{bidA7di} (pl. g. %{gopa-vanA7di})
    pl. N. of a People Ma1rkP.
    (%{ikA}) f. blackness Kum. Ka1d. Hcar.
    impurity Ragh. Ka1d. Hcar.
    a white-spotted blackish deer
    n. a kind of grass
  68. श्यामकर्ण (śyāmakarṇa) (śyāmakarṇa)
    mfn. black-cared BhP.
    m. a horse suitable for a horse-sacrifice MW.
  69. श्यामत्व (śyāmatva) (śyāmatva)
    n. (MBh. R.) blackness, dark colour.
  70. श्यामल (śyāmala) (śyāmala)
    mf(%{A})n. dark-coloured Hariv. Ka1v. &c.
    m. black (the colour) W.
    a kind of bee
    Terminalia Arjuna Pan5cavBr. Sch.
    a species of plant serving as a substitute for the Soma plplant (= %{pUtIka}) Ka1tyS3r. Sch.
    the sacred fig-tree
    black pepper W.
    N. of a poet Sadukt. Kshem.
    of another man, Va1s3., Introd.
    (%{A}) f. N. of various plants (Physalis Flexuosa
    = %{kaTa-ohI}
    = %{kastUrI}
    = %{jambU})
    a form of Durga1
    N. of a woman Buddh.
  71. स्याल (syāla) (syāla)
    m. (also written %{zyAla}, of doubtful derivation) the brother of a bride, a wife's brother (in later literature esp. the brother-in-law or favourite of a king cf. 2. %{zakAra}) RV. &c. &c.
    (%{I}) f. a wife's sister MW.
  72. श्येन (śyena) (śyena)
    m. a hawk, falcon, eagle, any bird of prey (esp. the eagle that brings down Soma to man) RV. &c. &c.
    firewood laid in the shape of an eagle S3ulbas.
    a kind of array (in battle) MBh. Ka1m.
    a partic. part of the sacrificial victim Kaus3.
    a partic. Eka7ha Shad2vBr. Ka1tyS3r.
    a horse
    N. of a R2ishi (having the patr. A1gneya and author of RV. x, 188) Anukr.
    (with or without %{indrazya}) N. of a Sa1man A1rshBr. La1t2y.
    (%{A}) f. a female hawk
    (%{I}) f. a female hawk
    N. of a daughter of Kas3yapa (regarded as the mother of hawks) MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    a kind of metre Pin3g.
    mfn. eaglelike AitBr.
    coming from an eagle (as `" eagle's flesh "'), Kr2ishn2aj. (prob. w.r. for %{zyaina}).
  73. श्रद्धा (śraddhā) (śraddhā)
    P. A1. %{-dadhAti}, %{-dhatte} (pr. p. %{zraddadhat}, %{zrad-da4dhAna}
    Ved. inf. %{zraddhe4} cf. %{zra4t} above), to have faith or faithfulness, have belief or confidence, believe, be true or trustful (with %{na}, `" to disbelieve "' &c.) RV. &c. &c.
    to credit, think anything true (two acc.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    to believe or have faith in or be true to (with dat., and in later language with gen. of thing or person, or with loc. of thing) RV. &c. &c.
    to expect anything (acc.) from (abl.) MBh.
    to consent, assent to, approve, welcome (with acc.
    with %{na}, `" to disapprove "') Katha1s.
    to be desirous of (acc.), wish to (inf.) ib. BhP.: Caus. %{-dhApayati}, to make faithful, render trustful, inspire confidence RV. x, 151, 5.
  74. श्रद्धेय (śraddheya) (śraddheya)
    mfn. to be trusted, trustworthy, faithful AV. &c. &c. (%{tadA-tva-mAtra-zr-}, one who believes only in the present time Hariv. 11, 180 v.l. %{-tre@zr-}).
  75. श्रम (śrama) (śrama)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) fatigue, weariness, exhaustion RV. &c. &c.
    exertion, labour, toil, exercise, effort either bodily or mental, hard work of any kind (as in performing acts of bodily mortification, religious exercises and austerity
    %{zramaM-kR}, `" to work hard at one's studies "'), pains or trouble bestowed on (loc. or comp.) AV. &c. &c.
    military exercise, drill W. [1096,2]
    N. of a son of A1pa Hariv.
    of a son of Vasu-deva BhP.
  76. श्रमण (śramaṇa) (śramaṇa)
    mf(%{A} or %{I})n. making effort or exertion, toiling, labouring, (esp.) following a toilsome or menial business W.
    base, vile, bad ib.
    naked
    m. one who performs acts of mortification or austerity, an ascetic, monk, devotee, religious mendicant S3Br. &c. &c.
    a Buddhist monk or mendicant (also applied to Buddha himself cf. MWB. 23 &c.
    also applied to a Jain ascetic now commonly called Yati) MBh. R. &c.
    N. of a serpent-demon Buddh.
    (%{A} or %{I}), a female mendicant or nun
    a hard-working woman
    (%{A}) f. a handsome woman
    = %{zabarI-bhid}, %{mAMsI}, %{muNDIrI}
    n. toil, labour, exertion S3a1n3khS3r.
  77. श्रवण (śravaṇa) (śravaṇa)
    and see above.3 m. a kind of plant used for colouring white Sus3r.
    (%{A}) f. = %{muNDIrikA}4 n. = %{zrapaNa}
    (%{I}) f. see %{vapA-zravaNI}. 5 w.r. for %{sravaNa}. &c. see 1. %{zrava}, p. 1096, col. 3.
  78. श्रवण (śravaṇa) (śravaṇa)
    and see above.3 m. a kind of plant used for colouring white Sus3r.
    (%{A}) f. = %{muNDIrikA}4 n. = %{zrapaNa}
    (%{I}) f. see %{vapA-zravaNI}. 5 w.r. for %{sravaNa}. &c. see 1. %{zrava}, p. 1096, col. 3.
  79. श्रवस् (śravas) (śravas)
    see above.
  80. श्रविष्ठ (śraviṣṭha) (śraviṣṭha)
    mfn. most famous MW.
    born or produced under the Nakshatra S3ravisht2ha1 Pa1n2. 4-3, 34
    m. N. of a man g. %{azvA7di}
    (%{A}) f. see below. &c. see col. 1.
  81. श्रव्य (śravya) (śravya)
    mfn. audible, to be heard, worth hearing, praiseworthy MBh. Ka1v. &c. see col. 1.
  82. श्राद्ध (śrāddha) (śrāddha)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{zrad-dhA}) faithful, true, loyal, believing HParis3. SaddhP. (cf. Pa1n2. 5-2, 101)
    relating to a S3ra1ddha ceremony Cat.
    n. a ceremony in honour and for the benefit of dead relatives observed with great strictness at various fixed periods and on occasions of rejoicing as well as mourning by the surviving relatives (these ceremonies are performed by the daily offering of water and on stated occasions by the offering of Pin2d2as or balls of rice and meal [see %{piNDa}] to three paternal and three maternal forefathers i.e. to father, grandfather, and great grandfather
    it should be borne in mind that a S3ra1ddha is not a funeral ceremouy [%{antye7STi}] but a supplement to such a ceremony
    it is an act of reverential homage to a deceased person performed by relatives, and is moreover supposed to supply the dead with strengthening nutriment after the performance of the previous funeral ceremonies has endowed them with ethereal bodies
    indeed until those %{antye7STi}, or `" funeral rites "' have been performed, and until the succeeding first S3ra1ddha has been celebrated the deceased relative is a %{pre7ta} or restless, wandering ghost, and has no real body [only a %{liGga-zarIra} q.v.]
    it is not until the first S3ra1ddha has taken place that he attains a position among the Pitr2is or Divine Fathers in their blissful abode called Pitr2i-loka, and the S3rS3ra1ddha is most desirable and efficacious when performed by a son
    for a full description of the S3ra1ddha ceremonies see RTL. 276, 304 &c.) Gr2S3rS. Mn. MBh. &c.
    gifts or offerings at a S3ra1ddha MW.
  83. श्रान्त (śrānta) (śrānta)
    mfn. wearied, fatigued, tired, exhausted (%{zrAnta-klAnta} mfn. `" wearied and exhausted "'), pained, distressed RV. &c. &c.
    hungry
    calmed, tranquil (= %{zAnta}
    m. N. of a son of A1pa VP.
    n. fatigue, exertion, self-mortification, religious austerity (or its fruit) RV. TS. AitBr. Ka1tyS3r.
  84. श्रावक (śrāvaka) (śrāvaka)
    mf(%{ikA})n. hearing, listening to (comp.) Va1s.
    audible from afar S3is3.
    m. a pupil, disciple Ma1lati1m.
    a disciple of the Buddha (the disciples of the Hi1na-ya1na school are sometimes so called in contradistinction to the disciples of the Maha1-ya1na school
    properly only those who heard the law from the Boddha's own lips have the name %{zrAvaka}, and of these two, viz. Sa1riputta and Moggalla1na, were Agra-s3ra1vakas, `" chief disciples "', while eighty, including Ka1s3yapa, Upa1li, and A1nanda, were Maha1-s3ra1vakas or `" great disciples "') MWB. 47, 75
    a Jaina disciple (regarded by orthodox Hindu1s as a heretic) MW.
    a crow
    a sound audible from afar S3is3.
    that faculty of the voice which makes a sound audible to a distance
    (%{ikA}) f. see below. &c. see p. 1097, col. 1.
  85. श्रावण (śrāvaṇa) (śrāvaṇa)
    1 mfn. relating to or perceived by the ear, audible Ma1rkP. (cf. Pa1n2. 2-2, 92 Sch.)
    taught or enjoined in the Veda (cf. %{zrauta}) MBh. iii, 100, 75
    m. a heretic
    N. of a Muni Cat.
    (%{A} and %{I}) f. N. of various plants Sus3r.
    n. causing to be heard, announcing, proclaiming MBh. Pan5cat.
    knowledge derived from hearing MW.2 mf(%{I})n. relating to or produced under the Nakshatra S3ravan2a
    m. (with or scil. %{mAs} or %{mAsa}) N. of one of the twelve Hindu1 months (generally rainy and corresponding to July-August) Sus3r. Gr2S. Ya1jn5. &c.
    (%{I}) f. see below
    n. = next Gr2S.
  86. श्रावण (śrāvaṇa) (śrāvaṇa)
    1 mfn. relating to or perceived by the ear, audible Ma1rkP. (cf. Pa1n2. 2-2, 92 Sch.)
    taught or enjoined in the Veda (cf. %{zrauta}) MBh. iii, 100, 75
    m. a heretic
    N. of a Muni Cat.
    (%{A} and %{I}) f. N. of various plants Sus3r.
    n. causing to be heard, announcing, proclaiming MBh. Pan5cat.
    knowledge derived from hearing MW.2 mf(%{I})n. relating to or produced under the Nakshatra S3ravan2a
    m. (with or scil. %{mAs} or %{mAsa}) N. of one of the twelve Hindu1 months (generally rainy and corresponding to July-August) Sus3r. Gr2S. Ya1jn5. &c.
    (%{I}) f. see below
    n. = next Gr2S.
  87. श्रावस्त (śrāvasta) (śrāvasta)
    m. (prob. connected with 1. %{zru}) N. of a king (son of S3ra1va and grandson of Yuvana1s3va) Hariv. VP.
    (%{I}) f. N. of a city situated north of the Ganges and founded by king S3ra1vasta (it was the ancient capital of Kosala and said to have been the place where the wealthy merchant Ana1tha-pin2d2ika built the Buddha a residence in the Jeta-vana monastery which became his favourite retreat during the rainy seasons: other authorities derive the name from a R2ishi called Sa1vattha, who is said to have resided there
    it has been identified by General Cunningham with a place now called Sa1hetMa1het, about 58 miles north of Ayodhya1 in Oudh) MBh. Hariv. Buddh. (cf. MWB. 48
    407 &c.)
  88. श्री (śrī) (śrī)
    1 (cf. %{zrA}) cl. 9. P. A1. (Dha1tup. xxxi, 3) %{zrINa4ti}, %{zrINIte4} (Gr. also pf. %{zizrAya}, %{zizrIye}
    aor. %{azraiSIt}, %{azreSTa} &c.
    for %{azizrayuH} see 2. %{abhi-zrI}), to mix, mingle, cook (cf. %{abhi-} and %{A-zrI}) RV. TS. VS. Br.
    (= 1. %{zri}), to burn, flame, diffuse light RV. i, 68, 1. 2 mfn. (ifc.) mixing, mingling, mixed with
    f. mixing, cooking. 3 f. (prob. to be connected with 1. %{zri} and also with 1. %{zrI} in the sense of `" diffusing light or radiance "' [1098,3]
    nom. %{zrI4s} accord. to some also %{zrI}) light, lustre, radiance, splendour, glory, beauty, grace, loveliness (%{zriye4} and %{zriyai4}, `" for splendour or beauty "', `" beauteously "', gloriously "' cf. %{zriya4se}
    du. %{zriyau}, `" beauty and prosperity "'
    %{zriya@AtmajAH}, `" sons of beauty "' i.e. horses [cf. %{zrI-putra}]
    %{zriyaH@putrAH} "', goats with auspicious marks "') RV. &c. &c.
    prosperity, welfare, good fortune, success, auspiciousness, wealth, treasure, riches (%{zriyA}, `" accordaccording to fortune or wealth "'), high rank, power, might, majesty, royal dignity (or `" Royal dignity "' personified
    %{zriyo@bhAjaH}, `" possessors of dignity "', `" people of high rank "') AV. &c. &c.
    symbol or insignia of royalty Vikr. iv, 13
    N. of Lakshmi1 (as goddess of prosperity or beauty and wife of Vishn2u, produced at the churning of the ocean, also as daughter of Bhr2igu and as mother of Darpa) S3Br. &c. &c.
    N. of Sarasvati1 (see %{-paJcamI})
    of a daughter of king Su-s3arman Katha1s.
    of various metres Col.
    (the following only in`" a lotus-flower
    intellect, understanding
    speech
    cloves
    Pinus Longifolia
    Aegle Marmelos
    a kind of drug = %{vRddhi}
    N. of a Buddhist goddess and of the mother of the 17th Arhat "')
    m. N. of the fifth musical Ra1ga (see %{rAga}) Sam2gi1t.
    mfn. diffusing light or radiance, splendid, radiant, beautifying, adorning (ifc.
    see %{agni-}, %{adhvara-}, %{kSatra-}, %{gaNa-}, %{jana-zrI} &c.) RV. iv, 41, 8. [The word %{zrI} is frequently used as an honorific prefix (= `" sacred "', `" holy "') to the names of deities (e.g. S3ri-Durga1, S3ri1-Ra1ma), and may be repeated two, three, or even four times to express excessive veneration. (e.g. S3ri1-s3ri1-Durga1 &c.)
    it is also used as a respectful title (like `" Reverend "') to the names of eminent persons as well as of celebrated works and sacred objects (e. g. S3ri1-Jayadeva. S3ri1Bha1gavata), and is often placed at the beginning or back of letters, manuscripts, important documents &c.
    also before the words %{caraNa} and %{pAda} `" feet "', and even the end of personal names.]
  89. श्रित (śrita) (śrita)
    mfn. clinging or attached to, standing or lying or being or fixed or situated in or on, contained in, connected with (loc. acc., or comp.) RV. &c. &c.
    one who has gone or resorted to (acc.) Ra1jat. Katha1s. BhP.
    having attained or fallen or got into any condition (acc. or comp.
    cf. %{kaSTa-zr-}) ib.
    having assumed (a form) Katha1s.
    gone to, approached, had recourse to, sought, occupied (as a place) Ka1v. Katha1s.
    taken, chosen Ra1jat.
    served, honoured, worshipped W.
    subservient, subordinate, auxiliary MW.
  90. श्रीपञ्चमी (śrīpañcamī) (śrīpañcamī)
    f. the fifth day of the light half of Ma1gha (a festival in honour of Sarasvati1, goddess of learning, when books and implements or writing are worshipped) MW.
    %{-vrata} n. the above religious observance ib.
  91. श्रीमत् (śrīmat) (śrīmat)
    mfn. see 1100, col. 2. mfn. beautiful, charming, lovely, pleasant, splendid, glorious MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    possessed of fortune, fortunate, auspicious, wealthy, prosperous, eminent, illustrious, venerable (used, like %{zrI}, as a prefix before the names of eminent persons and celebrated works and sometimes corrupted into %{zrImant}), of high rank or dignity (m. `" a great or venerable person "') ChUp. MBh. R. &c.
    decorated with the insignia of royalty (as a king) VarBr2S.
    abounding in gold (as Meru) Bhartr2.
    m. N. of Vishn2u
    of Kubera
    of S3a1kya-mitra Buddh.
    of a son of Nimi MBh.
    of a poet Cat.
    Ficus Religiosa
    another tree (= %{tilaka})
    a parrot
    a bull kept for breeding
    (%{atI}) f. N. of one of the Ma1tr2is attendant on Skanda MBh.
    of various women (esp. of the mother of Ma1dhava7ca1rya) Buddh. Cat.
    %{-kumbha} n. gold
    %{-tama} mfn. (superl.) most prosperous or eminent or illustrious KaushUp.
    %{-tA} f. prosperity, thriving condition, beauty, splendour Ka1v. [1100,3]
  92. श्रीरङ्ग (śrīraṅga) (śrīraṅga)
    m. see col. 3. m. N. of Vishn2u (accord. to some `" of Siva "', and according to others `" of an ancient king who founded the city of Seringapatam "') MW.
    n. N. of a town and a celebrated Vaishn2ava temple (established by Ra1ma7nuja near Trichinopoly) RTL. 71 n.
    448.
  93. श्रील (śrīla) (śrīla)
    mf(%{A})n. (g. %{sidhmA7di}) prosperous, happy, wealthy, beautiful, eminent Pan5car. (cf. %{a-zrIla}),
  94. श्रुत (śruta) (śruta)
    mfn. heard, listened to, heard about or of, taught, mentioned, orally transmitted or communicated from age to age S3Br. ChUp. MBh. &c.
    known, famous, celebratedBr. MBh.
    known as, called (nom. with %{iti}) MBh. R. &c.
    m. N. of a son of Bhagi1ratha Hariv.
    of a son of Kr2ishn2a BhP.
    of a son of Su-bha1shan2a ib.
    of a son of Upagu VP.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a daughter of Di1rghadan6sht2ra Katha1s.
    (%{am}) n. anything heard, that which has been heard (esp. from the beginning), knowledge as heard by holy men and transmitted from generation to generation, oral tradition or revelation, sacred knowledge (in the Pur. personified as a child of Dharma and Medha1), the Veda AV. &c. &c.
    the act of hearing Mun2d2Up. Ka1v. Katha1s.
    learning or teaching, instruction (%{zrutaM-kR}, `" to learn "') A1past.
    memory, remembrance AV. i, 1, 2.
  95. श्रुति (śruti) (śruti)
    f. an answer Hariv. S3atr.
    a promise, assent Vait.
    = next S3is3.
  96. श्रेणि (śreṇi) (śreṇi)
    f. (L. also m.
    according to Un2. iv, 51, fr. %{zri}
    connected with %{zreTI} above) a line, row, range, series, succession, troop, flock, multitude, number RV. &c. &c.
    a swarm (of bees) S3is3.
    a company of artisans following the same business, a guild or association of traders dealing in the same articles Mn. MBh. &c.
    a bucket, wateringpot
    the fore or upper part of anything
    Sanseviera Roxburghiana L.
  97. श्रेयस् (śreyas) (śreyas)
    mfn. (either compar. of %{zrI}, or rather accord. to native authorities of %{zrI-mat} or %{prazasya}
    cf. Gk. $) more splendid or beautiful, &333597[1102,2] more excellent or distinguished, superior, preferable, better, better than (with abl. or with %{na} see below) RV. &c. &c.
    most excellent, best MBh. iii, 1256
    propitious, well disposed to (gen.) ib. i, 3020
    auspicious, fortunate, conducive to welfare or prosperity Ka1v. Hit. Ma1rkP.
    m. (in astron.) N. of the second Muhu1rta
    of the third month (accord. to a partic. reckoning)
    (with Jainas) N. of the 11th Arhat of the present Avasarpin2i1
    (%{zreyasI}) f. N. of various plants (accord. toTerminalia Chebula or Citrina
    Clypea Hernandifolia
    Scindapsus Officinalis
    = %{rAsnA}, %{ambaSThA} and %{priyaGgu}) Car. Bhpr. &c.
    N. of a deity of the Bodhi tree Lalit.
    (%{as}) n. the better state, the better fortune or condition (sometimes used when the subject of a sentence would seem to require the masc. form) AV. TS. Br. Kaus3.
    good (as opp. to `" evil "'), welfare, bliss, fortune, happiness Kat2hUp. MBh. &c.
    the bliss of final emancipation, felicity (see %{zreyaH-parizrAma}, col. 3)
    ind. better, rather, rather than (used like %{varam} [q.v.] with %{na}
    e.g. %{zreyo@mRtaM@na@jIvitam}, `" better is death and not life "' or `" rather than life "', or `" death is better than life "') MBh. R. &c.
    = %{dharma}
    N. of a Sa1man A1rshBr.
  98. श्रेष्ठ (śreṣṭha) (śreṣṭha)
    mf(%{A})n. most splendid or beautiful, most beautiful of or among (with gen.)R.
    most excellent, best, first, chief (n. `" the best or chief thing "'), best of or among or in respect of or in (with gen. loc., or comp.) RV. &c. &c.
    better, more, distinguished, superior, better than (abl. or gen.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    most auspicious or salutary VarBr2S.
    oldest, senior W.
    m. a king
    a Bra1hman
    N. of Vishn2u or Kubera
    N. of a king Buddh.
    (%{A}) f. an excellent woman MW.
    Hibiscus Mutabilis(prob. w.r. for %{lakSmI-zr-})
    a kind of root resembling ginger
    n. cow's milk
    copper L.
  99. श्रेष्ठतम (śreṣṭhatama) (śreṣṭhatama)
    (%{zre4STha-}) mfn. the very best, most excellent RV. &c. &c.
    (%{A}) f. holy basil L.
  100. श्रेष्ठतर (śreṣṭhatara) (śreṣṭhatara)
    mfn. more excellent, better than (abl.) MBh.
  101. श्रेष्ठिन् (śreṣṭhin) (śreṣṭhin)
    mfn. having the best, best, chief W.
    m. a distinguished man, a person of rank or authority AitBr. S3a1n3khBr. KaushUp.
    a warrior of high rank Ja1takam.
    an eminent artisan, the head or chief of an association following the same trade or industry, the president or foreman of a guild (also %{inI} f. a female artisan &c.) Hariv. Ka1v. VarBr2S. &c.
  102. श्रोणी (śroṇī) (śroṇī)
    f. the hips and loins &c. (= %{zroNI})
    the middle Dharmas3.
    N. of a river VP.
  103. श्रोतृ (śrotṛ) (śrotṛ)
    mfn. one who promises or assents MW.
  104. श्रोतव्य (śrotavya) (śrotavya)
    &c. see p. 1103, col. 1. mfn. (fut. p. of 1. %{zru}) to be heard or listened to, audible, worth hearing S3Br. &c. &c.
    n. the moment for hearing (impers. `" it must be heard "') MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  105. श्रोत्र (śrotra) (śrotra)
    n. the organ of hearing, ear, auricle RV. &c. &c.
    the act of hearing or listening to AV. &c. &c.
    conversancy with the Veda or sacred knowledge itself MW.
  106. श्रोत्रिय (śrotriya) (śrotriya)
    mfn. learned in the Veda, conversant with sacred knowledge AV. &c. &c.
    docile, modest, well-behaved W. [1103,2]
    m. a Bra1hman versed in the Veda, theologian, divine Mn. MBh. &c.
    a Bra1hman of the third degree (standing between the Bra1hman2a and Anu1ca1na) Hcat.
  107. श्रउत (śrauta) (śrauta)
    mf(%{I} or %{A})n. relating to the ear or hearing W.
    to be heard, audible, expressed in words or in plain language (as a simile, opp. to %{Artha}, `" implied "') Kpr.
    relating to sacred tradition, prescribed by or founded on or conformable to the Veda (with %{janman} n. `" the second birth of a Bra1hman produced by knowledge of the Veda "') Ya1jn5. Ka1v. Katha1s. &c.
    sacrificial MW.
    n. relationship resulting from (common study of) the Veda Hariv.
    a fault (incurred in repeating the Veda) Hcat.
    any observance ordained by the Veda (e.g. preservation of the sacred fire) W.
    the three sacred fires collectively ib.
    N. of various Sa1mans A1rshBr.
  108. श्लक्ष्ण (ślakṣṇa) (ślakṣṇa)
    mf(%{A})n. (in Un2. iii, 19 said to be fr. %{zliS}) slippery, smooth, polished, even, soft, tender, gentle, bland AV. &c. &c.
    small, minute, thin, slim, fine (cf. comp.)
    honest, sincere W.
    (%{am}) ind. softly, gently MBh. R.
    m. N. of a mountain, Di1vya7v.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a river ib.
  109. श्लेष (śleṣa) (śleṣa)
    1 m. burning MW. 2 m. adhering or clinging to (loc.) R.
    connection, junction, union (also applied to sexual union) MBh.
    embracing, an embrace Ka1v. Sa1h.
    (in rhet.) `" connection "', `" combination "' (one of the ten Gun2as or merits of composition, consisting either in a pleasing combination of words or of contrasted ideas, or of words having a double meaning) double meaning, equivoque, ambiguity, paranomasia, pun, hidden meaning Va1m. Ka1vya7d. Sa1h. &c.
    a grammatical augment Nya1yas.
    (%{A}) f. an embrace BhP.
  110. श्लेष्मन् (śleṣman) (śleṣman)
    m. phlegm, mucus, rheum, the phlegmatic humour (one of the three humours of the body = %{kapha}
    see %{dhAtu}) S3Br. Ya1jn5. Sus3r. MBh. &c.
    n. a band, cord, string AitBr. Ka1t2h.
    lime, glue &c. A1past.
    the fruit of Cordia Latifolia Vishn2. (Sch.)
  111. श्लोक (śloka) (śloka)
    m. (prob. connected with 1. %{zru} R. i, 2, 33 gives a fanciful derivation fr. %{zoka}, `" sorrow "', the first %{zloka} having been composed by Va1lmi1ki grieved at seeing a bird killed) sound, noise (as of the wheels of a carriage or the grinding of stones &c.) RV.
    a call or voice (of the gods) ib.
    fame renown, glory, praise, hymn of praise ib. AV. TS. Br. BhP.
    a proverb, maxim MW.
    a stanza, (esp.) a partic. kind of common epic metre (also called Anu-sht2ubh q.v.
    consisting of 4 Pa1das or quarter verses of 8 syllables each, or 2 lines of 16 syllables each, each line allowing great liberty except in the 5th, 13th, 14th and 15th syllables which should be unchangeable as in the following scheme, 8. 1. 8-8., the dots denoting either long or short
    but the 6th and 7th syllables should be long
    or if the 6th is short the 7th should be short also) S3Br. KaushUp. MBh. &c.
    N. of a Sa1man A1rshBr.
  112. श्लोकत्व (ślokatva) (ślokatva)
    n. versification, celebration in verse R. Ragh.
  113. श्वयथु (śvayathu) (śvayathu)
    m. swelling, intumescence Sus3r.
  114. श्वशुर (śvaśura) (śvaśura)
    m. (prob. for orig. %{svazura}
    cf. below) a father-in-law, husband's or wife's father (in the oldest language commonly the former, in the Su1tras the latter, in Class. langlanguage both meanings
    also applied to a maternal uncle and to any venerable person) RV. &c. &c.
    du. (cf. Pa1n2. 1-2, 72) a father and mother-in-law Ya1jn5. Katha1s. (also pl. e.g. RV. x, 95, 12 AV. xiv, 2, 27 &c.)
    (prob. %{I}) f. = %{brAhmI}
    for %{zvazrU4} see below. [Cf. Gk. $
    &334574[1105,3] Lat. {socer}
    Lith. {sze4szuras}
    Slav. {svekru8}
    Goth. {swaihra}
    Angl. Sax. {sweo4r}
    Germ. {swe0her}, {Schwa0her}.]
  115. श्वश्रू (śvaśrū) (śvaśrū)
    f. (of %{zvazura}) a mother-in-law (either the wife's or the husband's mmother) RV. &c. &c.
    pl. the mother-in-law and the other wives of the father-in-law RV. [Cf. Lat. {socrus}
    Slav. {svekry}
    Angl. Sax. {swe0ger}
    Germ. {swigar}, {swiger}, {Schwieger}.]
  116. श्वापद (śvāpada) (śvāpada)
    (%{zvA4-}) m. n. a beast of prey, wild bbeast RV. &c. &c.
    a tiger
    pl. N. of a people Ma1rkP. (w.r. %{svAp-})
    mfn. relating or belonging to a wild beast (= %{zauvApada}) Pa1n2. 7-3, 9
    %{-rAjan} m. a king of the beasts Ml.
    %{-sevita} mfn. frequented or infested by wild bbeast MW.
    %{-dA7carita} mfn. overrun or infested by wwild bbeast MBh.
    %{-dA7nusaraNa} n. the chase after wild bbeast MW. %{zvA-vidh} &c. see p. 1105, col. 2.
  117. श्वेत (śveta) (śveta)
    mf(%{A4} or %{zvenI})n. white, dressed, in white, bright (with %{pa4rvata} m. `" snow-mountain "' S3Br.
    with %{kaTA7kSa} m. `" a bright side-glance "' Sam2gi1t.) RV. &c. &c.
    m. white (the colour)
    a white horse S3Br.
    a small white shell, cowry
    a silver coin
    a white cloud
    the planet Venus or its regent S3ukra
    a partic. comet (cf. %{-ketu}) VarBr2S.
    a partic. plant (= %{jIvaka})
    cumin seed W.
    N. of a serpent-demon (with %{vaidArva} or %{vaidArvya} or %{vaidarvya}
    others give %{zvaita-vaidArava} as signifying `" a partic. deity connected with the sun "') Gr2S. Pur. [1106,3]
    N. of one of Skanda's attendants MBh.
    of a Daitya (son of Vipra-citti) Hariv.
    of a Muni MBh. Katha1s.
    of a partic. Avata1ra of S3iva Cat.
    of a pupil of S3iva IW. 122 n. 3
    of a manifestation of Vishn2u in his Vara1ha incarnation (worshipped in a partic. part of India) MW.
    of a Ra1jarshi MBh.
    of a son of the king Sudeva R.
    of a general MBh.
    of a son of Vapushmat Ma1rkP.
    of a preceptor Cat.
    of a mythical elephant MBh.
    of the sixth range of mountains dividing the known continent (the white or `" snowy "' mountains separating the Varshas of Hiran2maya and Ramyaka) MBh. Pur. (IW. 420 n. 1)
    of one of the minor Dvi1pas or divisions of the world (cf. %{-dvIpa}) MBh. R.
    (%{A}) f. one of the seven tongues of Fire Gr2ihya1s.
    a small white shell, cowry
    N. of various plants (accord. tothe birch tree, a white bignonia, Boerhavia Procumbens, Achyranthes Atropurpurea &c.) Sus3r. VarBr2S.
    crystal
    alum
    white or candied sugar
    bamboo-manna
    a mystical term for the letter %{s} Up.
    N. of one of the Ma1tr2is attendant on Skanda MBh.
    of the mother of the elephant S3veta (or S3an3kha) MBh. R.
    of a princess Ra1jat.
    (%{I}) f. N. of a river MW.
    n. the white of the eye Sus3r.
    the growing white (of the hair) ChUp.
    silver
    butter-milk and water mixed half and half L.
  118. श्वेतकि (śvetaki) (śvetaki)
    m. N. of an ancient king MBh.
  119. श्वेताम्बर (śvetāmbara) (śvetāmbara)
    mfn. clad in whwhite
    m. N. of the second great Jaina sect (opp. to the Dig-ambara, q.v.) MWB. 532 &c.
    a form of S3iva Cat.
    N. of an author ib.
    %{-candra} m. N. of a man ib.
  120. षकार (ṣakāra) (ṣakāra)
    m. the letter or sound %{Sa} Pra1t.
  121. षष् (ṣaṣ) (ṣaṣ)
    mfn. pl. (prob. for orig. %{SakS}
    nom. acc. %{Sa4T} instr. %{SaDbhi4s} dat. abl. %{SaDbhya4s}, gen. %{SaNNA4m} loc. %{SaTsu4}
    in comp. %{SaS} becomes %{SaT} before hard letters, %{SaD} before soft, %{So} before %{d}, which is changed into %{D}, and %{N} before nasals) six (with the counted object in apposition or exceptionally in gen. or ifc. e.g. %{SaD@Rtavah}, or %{SaD@RtunAm}, `" the six seasons "', %{SaTsu} %{Satsu@mAseSu}, `" at periods of six months "' Mn. viii 403 at the end of a Bahuvrihi compound it is declined like other words ending in %{S}, e. g. %{priya-SaSas} nom. pl. Pa1n2. 7-1, 22 schol.
    among the words used as expressions for the number six (esp. in giving dates) are %{aGga}, %{darzana}, %{tarka}, %{rasa}, %{Rtu} %{vajrakoNa} %{kArttikeya-mukha}) RV. &c.&c.
    (in gram) a tech. N. for numerals ending in %{S} and %{n} and words like %{kati} Pa1n2. 1-1, 24, 25
    (%{SaT}) ind. six times S3Br. [Cf. Gk. $
    Lat. {sex}
    Goth. {sai1hs}
    Germ. &335311[1108,1] {se0hs}, {sechs}
    Eng. {six}.]
  122. षट्क (ṣaṭka) (ṣaṭka)
    mfn. consisting of six La1t2y. RPra1t. S3us3r. &c. (%{dvi-SaTka} = 12 MBh.)
    bought for six &c. Pa1n2. v, 1, 22
    occurring for the sixth time, doing anything for the sixth time ib. v, 2, 77 Va1rtt.
    m. six Gan2it.
    n. a hexade or aggregate of six (ifc. after another numeral e.g. %{nava-SaTka} "', consisting of nine hexades "') Nir. A1s3vS3r. MBh. &c.
    the six passions collectively (viz. %{kAma}, %{mada}, %{mAna}, %{lobha}, %{harSa}, and %{ruSA}) L.
  123. षट्पद (ṣaṭpada) (ṣaṭpada)
    (%{Sa4T-}) mf(%{A})n. having six places or quarters (as a town) MBh.
    six-footed, (a verse) consisting of six divisions or Pa1das VS. Br. &c.
    m. a six-footed animal, insect Cat.
    (ifc. f. %{A}) a bee S3a1n3khSr. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a louse
    (%{A}) f. a class of Prskr2it metres Col.
    (%{I}) f. a female bee MW.
    a louse ib.
    the six states (scil. hunger, thirst, sorrow, disordered intellect, old age, death, or [accord. to Ni1lak.] %{kAma-krodhau}, %{zoka-mohau}, %{mada-mAnau}) MBh. [1108,3]
    N. of two wks. (%{-stotra} n. N. of a hymn)
    n. a partic. advantageous position in chess
    %{-jya} mfn. `" having bees for a string N. of Ka1ma-deva's bow Megh.
    %{-priya} m. `" beloved by bees "', Mesua Roxburghii
    %{-dA7tithi} m. `" having bees as guests, the Mango tree
    Michelia Champaka
    %{-dA7nanda-vardhana} m. `" increasing the joy of bees "', red and yellow amaranth
    Jonesia Asoka:
    a kind of acacia
    %{-dA7bhidharma} m. %{-dA7rtha-vivaraNa} n. N. of wks.
    %{-dA7lI} f. a line of bees Ragh.
    %{-de7STa} m. `" dear to bees "', Nauclea Cadamba L.
  124. षडङ्ग (ṣaḍaṅga) (ṣaḍaṅga)
    n. sg. the six principal parts of the body (viz. the two arms, two legs, head, and waist)
    six auspicious things i.e. the six things obtained from a cow (%{go-mUtraM} %{go-mayaM} %{kSIram}, %{sarpir@dadhi} %{ca@rocanA}), A.
    pl. the six limbs or works auxiliary to the Veda, six Veda7n3gas Gaut. Mn. &c.
    any set of six articles MW.
    = %{-rudra} (q.v.)
    (%{I}) f. the six Veda7n3gas
    mfn. six-limbed, having six parts Br. Amr2itabUp. Sus3r. VarBr2S.
    having six Veda7n3gas Pa1rGr2. A1past. R.
    m. a kind of Asteracantha
    %{-guggulu} m. a partic. mixture
    %{-jit} mfn. subduing the six members MW.
    m. N. of Vishn2u
    %{-pAnIya} n. an infusion or decoction of six drugs W.
    %{-rudra}N. of partic. verses taken from the VS. and used at the bathing of an image of S3iva
    %{-vid} mfn. knowing the six Veda7n3gas Mn. iii, 185
    %{-samanvAgata} m. provided with the six chief requisites "'N. of Buddha DivyA7v.
  125. षडायतन (ṣaḍāyatana) (ṣaḍāyatana)
    n. the seats of the six organs (or senses) MW.
    mfn. consisting of the six A1yatanas (viz. %{vijJAna}, earth, air, fire, and water, and %{rUpa}) Ba1dar. Sch.
    %{-bhedaka} m. N. of a Buddha DivyA7v.
  126. षड्दर्शन (ṣaḍdarśana) (ṣaḍdarśana)
    n. the six systems of philosophy Sarvad. (IW. 46)
    mfn. one who is versed in the six systems of phphilosophy Vet.
    %{-candrikA} f. %{-vicAra} m. %{-viveka} m. %{-vRtti} f. %{-saMkSepa} m. %{-saMgraha-vRtti} f. %{-samuccaya} m. %{-siddhA7nta-samgraha} m. N. of wks.
  127. षण्मुख (ṣaṇmukha) (ṣaṇmukha)
    mfn. having six mouths or faces (S3iva) MBh.
    m. N. of Skanda or Ka1rttikeya TA1r. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    of a Bodhi-sattva Buddh.
    of a king and of various other persons ib. Ra1jat.
    (%{A}) f. a watermelon
    (%{I}) f. = %{kumArI} Ka1lac.
    (with %{dhAraNI}) N. of a Su1tra Buddh.
    (prob.)n. = %{SaDazIti-mukha} Hcat.
    N. of a Su1tra Buddh.
    %{-kumAra} m. N. of a man Buddh.
    %{-lakSaNa} n. %{-vRtti-nighaNTu} m. N. of wks.
    %{-khA7gra-ja} m. N. of Gan2e7s3a L.
  128. षष्टि (ṣaṣṭi) (ṣaṣṭi)
    f. sixty (m. c. also %{-TI}
    with the counted object in apposition, or in gen. pl. or comp.
    %{-Ti-tas} = abl. VarBr2S.) RV. &c. &c.
  129. षष्टिक (ṣaṣṭika) (ṣaṣṭika)
    mfn. bought with sixty W.
    m. or (%{A}) f. a kind of rice of quick growth (ripening in about 60 days) MBh. Sus3r. VarBr2S. &c.
    n. the number 60 VarBr2S.
  130. षष्ट्यब्द (ṣaṣṭyabda) (ṣaṣṭyabda)
    n. the 60 years "' cycle of Jupiter VarBr2S. (also N. of wk.)
  131. षष्ठ (ṣaṣṭha) (ṣaṣṭha)
    mf(%{I4})n. sixth, the sixth (with %{bhAga} or %{aMza} m. `" a sixth part "'
    with or scil. %{kAla} m. `" the sixth hour of the day, the sixth meal eaten at the end of a fast of three days "'
    %{SaSThaM} %{kR}, `" to eat such a meal "') AV. &c. &c.
    m. (scil. %{akSara}) the sixth letter i.e. the vowel %{I} RPra1t.
    N. of a man = %{-candra} Ra1jat.
    (%{I}) f. see below
    n. a sixth part Gaut.
  132. षिड्ग (ṣiḍga) (ṣiḍga)
    m. (also written %{khiDga}, %{khiGga}) a profligate man, libertine, gallant
    the keeper of a prostitute
  133. षोडश (ṣoḍaśa) (ṣoḍaśa)
    &c. see below.1 mf(%{I4})n. (ifc. f. %{A}) the sixteenth, (with %{aMza} or %{bhAga} m. a 16th part Mn. Ma1rkP.
    %{RSabha-SoDazAH} [Gaut.] or %{vRSabha-S-} [Mn. ix, 124] "', 15 cows and one bull "') Br. Gr2S3rS. &c.
    + 16 ChUp.
    consisting of 16 VS. TS. Pan5cavBr. &c.
    Pl. incorrectly for %{So-Dazan}, 16 Ra1matUp.
    (%{I}) f. having the length of the 16th of a man (said of a brick) S3ulbas.
    N. of one of the ten Maha1-vidya1s (also pl.) Pan5car. Cat.
    one of the 12 forms of Durga1 called Maha1-vidya1 MW.
    n. 1/16 AV. VarBr2S.
  134. षोडशन् (ṣoḍaśan) (ṣoḍaśan)
    mfn. pl. (nom. %{-za}) sixteen VS. &c. &c.
  135. ष्ठीवन (ṣṭhīvana) (ṣṭhīvana)
    mfn. spitting frequently, sputtering Car.
    n. spitting, ejecting saliva, expectoration, spitting upon (loc.) Pa1rGr2. MBh. Sus3r. &c.
    n. saliva, spittle Mn. MBh. &c.
  136. संयत (saṃyata) (saṃyata)
    mfn. held together, held in, held fast &c.
    self-contained, self-controlled with regard to (loc. instr., or comp.) Gaut. MBh. &c.
    tied together, bound up, fettered, confined, imprisoned, captive Mn. MBh. &c.
    shut up, closed (opp. to %{vy-Atta}) AV.
    kept in order (see comp.)
    suppressed, subdued MBh.
    = %{udyata}, prepared, ready to (inf.) Hariv.
    m. `" one who controls himself "'N. of S3iva MBh.
    %{-cetas} mfn. controlled in mind MW.
    %{-prA7Na} mfn. having the breath suppressed or having the organs restrained ib.
    %{-mAnasa} mfn. (= %{-cetas}) ib.
    %{-mukha} mf(%{I})n. (= %{-vAc}) Mr2icch.
    %{-maithuna} mfn. one who abstains from sexual intercourse MBh.
    %{-vat} mfn. self-controlled, self-possessed Hariv.
    %{-vastra} mfn. having the dress or clothes fastened or tied together Bhartr2.
    %{-vAc} mfn. restrained in speech, taciturn, silent MW.
    %{-tA7kSa} mfn. having the eyes closed BhP.
    %{-tA7Jjali} mfn. having the hands joined together in entreaty (= %{baddho7Jjali}) MW.
    %{-tA7tman} mfn. (= %{-ta-cetas}) Mn. xi, 236
    %{-tA7hAra} mfn. temperate in eating MBh.
    %{-te7ndriya} mfn. having the senses or passions controlled ib. [1112,1]
    %{-to7paskara} mfn. having the household utensils kept in order Ya1jn5.
  137. संयम (saṃyama) (saṃyama)
    m. holding together, restraint, control, (esp.) control of the senses, self-control Mn. MBh. &c.
    tying up (the hair) Sa1h.
    binding, fettering VarBr2S.
    closing (of the eyes) Ma1rkP.
    concentration of mind (comprising the performance of Dha1ran2a1, Dhya1na, and Sama1dhi, or the last three stages in Yoga) Yogas. Sarvad.
    effort, exertion (%{A4}, with great difficulty "') MBh.
    suppression i.e. destruction (of the world) Pur.
    N. of a son of Dhu1mra7ksha (and father of Kr2is3a7s3va) BhP.
    %{-dhana} mfn. rich in self-restraint MBh.
    %{-puNya-tIrtha} mfn. having restraint for a holy place of pilgrimage MBh.
    %{-vat} mfn. self-controlled, parsimonious, economical Katha1s.
    %{-mAgni} m. the fire of abstinence Bhag.
    %{-mA7mbhas} n. the flood of water at the end of the world BhP.
  138. संयमिन् (saṃyamin) (saṃyamin)
    mfn. who or what restrains or curbs or subdues W.
    one who subdues his passions, self-controlled (%{-mi-tA} f. self-control Ka1d.) Hcat.
    tied up (as hair) Bhartr2.
    m. a ruler DivyA7v.
    an ascetic, saint, R2ishi
    %{saMyami-nAma-mAlikA} f. N. of wk. (containing synonyms of names of R2ishis, by S3am2kara7ca1rya) Cat.
    (%{inI}) f. N. of the city Ka1s3i1, Ka1sikh.
    of Yama's residence (also written %{saM-yamanI} q.v.) S3am2k.
    %{saMyaminI-pati} m. N. of Yama Ka1s3i1Kh.
  139. संयुक्त (saṃyukta) (saṃyukta)
    mfn. conjoined, joined together, combined, united (pl., `" all together "') TS. &c. &c.
    conjunct (as consonants) Pa1n2. 6-3, 59 Sch.
    connected, related (= %{sambandhin}) Pa1rGr2.
    married to (instr.) Mn. ix, 23
    placed, put, fixed in (loc.) MBh.
    accompanied or attended by, endowed or furnished with, full of (instr. or comp.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    (ifc.) connected with, relating to, concerning Ka1tyS3r. MBh. &c.
    (%{am}) ind. jointly, together, at the same time S3vetUp.
    (%{A} f. a kind of metre Col.)
    %{-saMcaya-piTaka} m. N. of wk.
    %{-saMyoga} m. connection with the connected (e.g. the connection of a trace with a horse) Kan2.
    %{-samavA7ya} m. inherence in the connected (one of the six kinds of perception in Nya1ya) Tarkas.
    %{-samave7ta-samavA7ya} m. inherence in that which inheres in the connected ib.
    %{-tA7gama} m. N. of a Buddh. A1gama
    %{-tA7bhidharma-zA7stra} n. N. of a Buddh. wk.
  140. संयुत (saṃyuta) (saṃyuta)
    mfn. joined or bound together, tied, fettered R. Ragh.
    put together, joined or connected with (instr. with and without %{saha}, or comp.) AV. &c. &c.
    increased hy, added to (instr. or comp.) VarBr2S. Ra1jat.
    (ifc.) being in conjunction with VarBr2S.
    consisting of. containing (instr. or comp.) R.
    (ifc.) relating to, implying (%{praI7Sya-s-}, `" implying service "') Mn. ii, 32
    accumulated (v.l. for %{sam-bhRta}) S3ak. iv, 120/121
  141. संयोग (saṃyoga) (saṃyoga)
    m. conjunction, combination, connection (%{-ge} or %{-geSu} ifc. `" in connection with, with regard to, concerning "'), union or absorption with or in (gen., or instr. with and without %{saha}, or loc., or ifc.) A1past. MBh. &c.
    contact (esp. in phil. `" direct material contact "', as of sesamum seed with rice-grains [in contradistinction to contact by the fusion of particles, as of water with milk], enumerated among the 24 Gun2as of the Nya1ya cf. under %{sam-bandha}) Yogas. Kan2. Bha1sha1p.
    carnal contact, sexual union MBh. &c.
    matrimonial connection or relationship by marriage with or between (gen., %{saha} with instr., or comp.) Gaut. Mn. MBh. &c.
    a kind of alliance or peace made between two kings with a common object Ka1m. Hit.
    agreement of opinion, consensus (opposed to %{bheda}) R.
    applying one's self closely to, being engaged in, undertaking (%{-gaM} %{kR}, `" to undertake, set about, begin "'
    %{agnihotra-saMyogam} %{kR}, `" to undertake the maintenance of a sacred fire "') A1past. Mn. R.
    (in gram.) a conjunct consonant, combination of two or more consonants Pra1t. Pa1n2. &c.
    dependence of one case upon another, syntax Vop.
    (in astron.) conjunction of two or more heavenly bodies MW.
    total amount, sum VarBr2S.
    N. of S3iva MBh.
    %{-pRthak-tva} n. (in phil.) separateness with conjunction (a term applied to express the separateness of what is optional from what is a necessary constituent of anything) MW. [1112,3]
    %{-mantra} m. a nuptial text or formula Gaut.
    %{-viruddha} n. food which causes disease through being mixed MW.
  142. संरब्ध (saṃrabdha) (saṃrabdha)
    mfn. mutually grasped or laid hold of, joined hand in hand, closely united with (instr. [1113,1]
    %{am} ind.) AV. ChUp. MBh.
    agitated excited R enraged, furious, exasperated against (%{prati}
    n. impers.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    angry (as speech) Das3. Sa1h.
    increased, augmented MBh. Ra1jat.
    swelled, swelling R. Sus3r.
    overwhelmed MW.
    %{-tara} mfn. more or most excited or angry R.
    %{-netra} mfn. having swollen eyes ib.
    %{-mAna} mfn. one whose pride is excited MBh.
  143. संरम्भ (saṃrambha) (saṃrambha)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) the act of grasping or taking hold of. MBh. iv, 1056 (C.)
    vehemence, impetuosity, agitation, flurry MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    excitement, zeal, eagerness, enthusiasm, ardent desire for or to (inf, or comp.) Ka1v. Ra1jat.
    anger, fury, wrath against (loc. or %{upari} with gen.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    angriness (i.e.) inflammation or irritation of a sore or wound Sus3r.
    pride, arrogance W.
    intensity, high degree (ibc.= `" intensely "') Ka1v. Katha1s.
    the brunt (of battle) Ra1jat.
    beginning (= %{A-rambha}) MW.
    %{-tAmra} mf. red with fury ib.
    %{-dRz} mfn. having inflamed or angry eyes, Bhp.
    %{-paruSa} mfn. harsh from rage, intensely or exceedingly harsh or rough W.
    %{-rasa} mfn. having angry or impetuous feelings ib.
    %{-rUkSa} mfn. exceedingly harsh or cruel Vikr. iii, 20
    %{-vat} mfn. wrathful, angry Harav.
    %{-vega} m. the vilence or impetuosity. of wrath MW.
  144. संलाप (saṃlāpa) (saṃlāpa)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) talking together, familiar or friendly conversation, discourse with (instr. with and without %{saha}, or gen.) or about (comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (in dram.) a kind of dialogue (passionless, but full of manly sentiments e.g. Mcar. ii, 34), Bhas.
  145. संवत्सर (saṃvatsara) (saṃvatsara)
    m. (rarely n.
    cf. %{pari-v-}) a full year, a year (having 12 [TS.] or 13 [VS.] months or 360 days [S3Br. AitBr. Sus3r.]
    %{am}, `" for a year
    %{eNa} `" after or in course of a yyear "'
    %{e} or %{asya}, after or within a yyear "') RV. &c. &c.
    a year of the Vikrama era (see above
    %{varSa} is used for the %{zaka}) the first in a cycle of five or six years TS. Pa1rGr2. VarBr2S. BhP.
    the Year personified (having the new and full moon for eyes and presiding over the seasons) TS. Pur.
    N. of S3iva MBh.
  146. संवर (saṃvara) (saṃvara)
    &c. see %{saM-} 1. 2, %{vR}. 1 mfn. keeping back, stopping (in %{kAla-s-}, applied to Vishn2u) Pan5car.
    m. (often written and confounded with %{zambara} dam, mound, bridge Bhat2t2.
    provisions DivyA7v.
    shutting out the external world (with Jainas one of the 7 or 9 Tattvas) Sarvad.
    N. of two Arhats
    n. (with Buddhists) restraint, forbearance (or `" a partic. religious observance "') Ka1ran2d2.
    %{-viMzaka} n. %{-vyAkhyA} f. %{-ro7daya-tantra} n. N. of wks. 12 m. choosing, election, choice (of v.l. for %{svayaM-vara}) MBh. vii, 6033. 2.
  147. संवरण (saṃvaraṇa) (saṃvaraṇa)
    mf(%{I})n. covering, containing, Pracan2d2.
    shutting, closing (with %{vali} f. `" one of the three folds of skin which cover the anus "') Sus3r.
    m. N. of the author of the hymns RV. v, 33
    34 (having the patr. Pra1ja1patya) Anukr.
    of a king (son of R2iksha, husband of Tapati1, and father of Kuru) MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    of another man Va1s., Introd.
    (%{am}) n. the act of covering or enclosing or concealing MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    closing, shutting RPra1t. Sus3r.
    concealment, secrecy Ma1lati1m.
    a cover, lid BhP.
    an enclosure, sanctuary (as place of sacrifice)
    a dam, mound R.
  148. संवर्त (saṃvarta) (saṃvarta)
    %{-taka} &c. see under %{saM-vRt}.
  149. संवर्धन (saṃvardhana) (saṃvardhana)
    mfn. id. Subh.
    m. N. of a man Ra1jat.
    n. growing up, complete growth Katha1s.
    rearing up, festering R.
    a means for causing growth (as of the hair), S3a1n3gS.
    prospering, thriving MBh. Vikr.
    causing to thrive, furthering, promoting Ka1m. Das3.
  150. संवर्धित (saṃvardhita) (saṃvardhita)
    mfn. (fr. Caus.) brought to complete growth, brought up, reared, raised, cherished MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  151. संवाद (saṃvāda) (saṃvāda)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) speaking together, conversation, colloquy with (instr. with and without %{saha} loc., or comp.) RV. &c. &c.
    appointment, stipulation Ka1tyS3r. Ka1v. VarBr2S.
    a cause, lawsuit A1pGr2. Katha1s.
    assent, concurrence, agreement, conformity, similarity W.
    information, news ib.
  152. संवादन (saṃvādana) (saṃvādana)
    n. (fr. id.) assent, agreement Katha1s.
  153. संवार (saṃvāra) (saṃvāra)
    %{-raNa} &c. see p. 1116, col. 1. m. (ifc. f. %{A}) covering, concealing, closing up MW.
    compression or contraction of the throat or of the vocal chords (in pronunciation), obtuse articulation (opp. to the %{vi-vAra} q.v., and regarded as one of the Ba1hya-prayatnas) Pa1n2. 1-1, 9 Sch.
    an obstacle, impediment Mr2icch. vii, (v.l.) 6/7
  154. संवास (saṃvāsa) (saṃvāsa)
    m. dwelling together, living or associating with (instr. with and without %{saha}, or comp.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    cohabitation, sexual connexion with (comp.) Car.
    a common abode Ka1m.
    a settlement, dwelling, house MBh. R. &c.
    an open place for meeting or recreation
    association, company, society W.
  155. संवाह (saṃvāha) (saṃvāha)
    mfn. setting in motion, moving (see %{tRNa-s-})
    = %{saM-vAhaka}
    m. bearing or carrying along, pressing together MW.
    rubbing the body, shampooing Ma1rkP.
    a park for recreation (cf. %{saM-vAsa}) MBh. Hariv.
    a market-place Pat. Sch.
    extortion oppression Ra1jat.
    N. of one of the 7 winds (= or w.r. for %{saM-vaha} above)[1115,1] &c. see %{saM-vah}.
  156. संविद् (saṃvid) (saṃvid)
    1. cl. 2. P. A1. %{-vetti}, %{-vitte}, (3. pl. %{-vidate}, or %{-vidrate} Pa1n2. 7-1, 7), to know together, know thoroughly, know, recognize RV. &c. &c.
    to perceive, feel, taste Sus3r.
    to come to an understanding, agree with, approve (acc.) MBh. R.: Caus. %{-vedayati}, to cause to know or perceive Pras3nUp. [1115,2]
    to make known, declare MBh.
    to know, perceive Bhat2t2.: Caus. see %{saM-vedita}.
  157. संविदित (saṃvidita) (saṃvidita)
    mfn. known, recognized, understood MBh. VarBr2S. Inscr.
    searched, explored Hariv.
    assented to, agreed upon, approved (%{am} ind. `" with the approval of "') MBh. R. Ma1lav.
    admonished, advised BhP.
  158. संविधा (saṃvidhā) (saṃvidhā)
    P.A1. %{-dadhAti}, %{-dhatte}, to dispose, arrange, settle, fix, determine, prescribe MBh. R. Sus3r.
    to direct, order Hariv.
    to carry on, conduct, manage, attend to, mind Mn. MBh. &c.
    to use, employ R.
    to make use of. act or proceed with (instr.) Pan5cat.
    (with %{mAnasam}) to keep the mind fixed or composed, be in good spirits Bhartr2.
    to make, render (two acc.) Naish.
    to set, put, lay, place MBh.: Pass. %{-dhIyate}, to be disposed or arranged &c. MBh.: Caus. %{-dhApayati}, to cause to dispose or manage Ka1d.
  159. संविभक्त (saṃvibhakta) (saṃvibhakta)
    mfn. divided, separated, distributed Hit. iv, 50 (v.l.)
    presented with (instr.) MBh.
  160. संविभाग (saṃvibhāga) (saṃvibhāga)
    m. dividing together, sharing with others, partition, distribution, bestowal of (comp.) or upon (dat. or loc.), causing to partake in (comp.) A1past. Gaut. MBh. &c.
    giving (%{AjJAs-}, `" giving orders "') Ka1d.
    participation, share (acc. with A1. of %{kR} and instr., `" to partake in "') MBh.
    %{-manas} mfn. disposed to share with others MBh.
    %{-ruci} mfn. liking to share with others (%{-ci-tA} f.) Sus3r.
    %{-zIla} (Das3.) or %{-zIla-vat} (VarBr2S.) mfn. accustomed to share with others.
  161. संवृत (saṃvṛta) (saṃvṛta)
    mfn. covered, shut up, enclosed or enveloped in (loc.), surrounded or accompanied or protected by (instr. with or without %{saha}, or comp.), well furnished or provided or occupied or filled with, full of (instr. or comp.) AV. &c. &c.
    concealed, laid aside, kept, secured MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    restrained, suppressed, retired, withdrawn Hariv. S3ak. ii, 12 (v.l. for %{saM-hRta})
    well covered or guarded (see %{su-s-})
    contracted, compressed, closed (as the throat), articulated with the vocal chords contracted Pra1t.
    subdued (as a tone) ib. Pat.
    (in rhet.) hidden, ambiguous (but not offensive see Va1m. ii, 1, 14)
    m. N. of Varun2a
    n. a secret place KaushUp.
    close articulation (cf. above) Pra1t.
    %{-tA} f. (Tpra1t. Sch.), %{-tva} n. (Ven2is.) closed condition
    %{-mantra} mfn. one who keeps his counsels or plans secret (%{-tA}, f.) Ka1m.
    %{-saMvArya} mfn. one who conceals what ought to be concealed Mn. vii, 102
    %{-tA7kAra} mfn. one who conceals all signs of feeling MW.
  162. संवृति (saṃvṛti) (saṃvṛti)
    f. closure Sus3r. S3a1rn3gP.
    covering, concealing, keeping secret S3is3. Sarvad.
    dissimulation, hypocrisy Amar.
    obstruction HYog.
    %{-mat} mfn. able to dissimulate S3is3. Subh.
  163. संवृत्त (saṃvṛtta) (saṃvṛtta)
    mfn. approached near to, arrived Gaut.
    happened, occurred, passed Ka1v. Pan5cat.
    fulfilled (as a wish) R.
    become, grown (with nom.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    often w.r. for %{saM-vRta}
    m. N. of Varun2a
    of a serpent-demon MBh.
  164. संवृद्ध (saṃvṛddha) (saṃvṛddha)
    mfn. full grown, grown up, increased, augmented, thriving, prospering MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    large, big (in %{ati-s-}).
  165. संवेग (saṃvega) (saṃvega)
    m. violent agitation, excitement, flurry MBh. Katha1s.
    vehemence, intensity, high degree Uttarar. Ra1jat.
    desire of emancipation HParis3.
    %{-dhAriNI} f. N. of a Kim-nari1, Ka1ran2d.  %{saM-vejana} see %{saM-vij}.
  166. संशय (saṃśaya) (saṃśaya)
    &c. see %{saM-zI}. m. (ifc. f. %{A}) lying down to rest or sleep
    uncertainty, irresolution, hesitation, doubt in or of (loc., acc. with %{prati}, or comp
    %{saMzayaH}, with Pot., `" there is doubt whether "'
    %{na} %{s-}, %{nA7sti@s-}, %{nA7tra@s-}, %{na@hi@s-}, %{nA7sty@atra-s-} &c., `" there is no doubt "', `" without doubt "') A1s3vS3r. Mn. MBh. &c.
    a doubtful matter Car.
    (in Nya1ya) doubt about the point to be discussed (one of the 16 categories) IW. 64
    difficulty, danger, risk of or in or to (gen. loc., or comp.) A1s3vGr2. MBh. &c.
    %{-kara} mf(%{I})n. causing doubt or risk, dangerous to (comp.) S3is3.
    %{-kAraNA7rthA7patti-pUrva-pakSa-rahasya} n. %{-kAraNA7rthA7patti-rahasya} n. N. of Nya1ya wks.
    %{-gata} mfn. fallen into danger S3ak.
    %{-ccheda} m. the solution of doubt (%{-dya} mfn. relating to it) Ragh.
    %{-cchedin} mfn. clearing all doubt, decisive S3ak.
    %{-tattva-nirUpaNa} n. %{-pakSatA-rahasya} n. %{-pakSatA-vAda}, m. %{-parI7kSA} f. %{-vAda} m. %{-vAdA7rtha} m. N. of wks.
    %{-sama} m. (in Nya1ya) one of the 24 Ja1tis or self-confuting replies Nya1yas. Sarvad. (cf. IW. 64)
    %{-sama-prakaraNa} n. N. of wk.
    %{-stha} mfn. being in uncertainty, doubtful W.
    %{-yA7kSepa} m. `" removal of doubt "', a partic. figure of speech Ka1vya7d. ii, 163
    164
    %{-yA7tmaka} mfn. consisting of doubt, dubious, uncertain Pan5cat.
    %{-yA7tman} mfn. having a doubtful mind, a sceptic Bhag. Sarvad.
    %{-yA7numiti} f. %{-yA7numiti-rahasya} n. N. of wks.
    %{-yA7panna} mfn. beset with doubt, dubious (%{-mAnasa} mfn. irresolute in mind) W.
    %{-yA7vaha} mfn. causing danger, dangerous to (gen. or comp.) MBh.
    %{-yo7cchedin} mfn. resolving doubts Hit., Introd.
    %{-yo7pamA} f. a comparison expressed in the form of a doubt Ka1vya7d. ii, 26
    %{yo7pe7ta} mfn. possessed of uncertainty, doubtful, uncertain MW.
  167. संशयित (saṃśayita) (saṃśayita)
    mfn. irresolute, doubtful about (comp.) Ka1tyS3r. R.
    subject to doubt, uncertain, dubious, questionable MBh. Ka1m.
    n. doubt, uncertainty MBh.
  168. संशुद्ध (saṃśuddha) (saṃśuddha)
    mfn. completely purified or cleansed, pure, clean Ya1jn5. BhP.
    removed, destroyed, expiated (see comp.)
    cleared off, defrayed, paid Katha1s.
    searched, tried, examined Mn. vii, 219
    acquitted (of a crime) W.
    %{-kilbiSa} mfn. one whose offences are expiated, purified from sin Bhag.
  169. संशोधन (saṃśodhana) (saṃśodhana)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. Caus.) completely purifying, destroying impurity (of the bodily humours) Sus3r.
    n. purification or a means of ppurification Sus3r. refining, clearing W.
    paying off, correcting ib.
    %{-zamanIya} mfn. treating of purifying and calming remedies Sus3r.
  170. संश्रय (saṃśraya) (saṃśraya)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) conjunction, combination, connection, association (ifc. `" joined or connected with "'), relationship or reference to (ifc. `" relating to "', `" referring to "'
    %{At} ind., in consequeuce of "') MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    going or resorting or betaking one's self to any person or place (loc. or comp.), going for refuge or protection, having recourse to (cf. %{kali-s-}) MBh. Pan5cat. &c.
    league, alliance, leaguing together for mutual protection (one of the 6 Gun2as of a king) Mn. vii, 160 Ya1jn5. &c.
    a refuge, asylum, shelter, resting or dwelling-place, residence, home (ifc. `" residing with "', `" living or dwelling or resting in or on "') MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    devotion to, attachment to (ifc., devoted or attached to "'
    %{At} ind. `" by means or help of "') MBh. R. &c.
    an aim, object MW.
    a piece or portion belonging to anything MBh.
    N. of a Praja1-pati R.
    %{-kArita} mfn. caused by alliance Mn. vii, 176.
  171. संश्रित (saṃśrita) (saṃśrita)
    mfn. joined or united with (instr. or comp.) AV. &c. &c.
    leaning against, clinging to (acc.) MBh. R.
    clung to, embraced Kum.
    one who has gone or fled to any one for protection, one who has entered the service of (acc. or comp.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    one who has betaken himself to a place, living or dwelling or staying or situated or being in (loc. or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    resorted to, sought for refuge or protection MBh.
    one who is addicted to, indulging in (acc.) Bhag. Pan5cat.
    one who has laid hold of or embraced or chosen MBh.
    inherent in, peculiar to (acc. or comp.) MBh. R.
    relating to, concerning (loc. or comp.) ib. BhP.
    suitable, fit, proper MBh. xii, 4102
    m. a servant, adherent, dependant Mn. MBh. &c.
    %{-vat} mfn. one who has joined or united himself with (instr.) S3ak.
    %{-tA7nurAga} m. the affection of dependants MW.
  172. संश्लेष (saṃśleṣa) (saṃśleṣa)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) junction, union, connection, close contact with (instr. or comp.
    %{-SaM} %{labh}, to attain, participate in "') MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    embracing an embrace Ka1lid.
    a joint Sa1mavBr.
    a bond, thong MBh.
  173. संसद् (saṃsad) (saṃsad)
    P. %{-sIdati} (Ved. also %{-te} and %{-sadati}), to sit down together with (instr.) or upon (acc.), sit down RV. VS.
    to sink down collapse, l's discouraged or distressed, pine away (with %{kSudhA}, to perish with hunger "') Mn. MBh. &c.: Caus. %{-sAdayati}, to cause tc sit down together RV. TS. Br. S3rS.
    to meet, encounter (acc.) BhP.
    to weigh down, afflict, distress R.
  174. संसर्ग (saṃsarga) (saṃsarga)
    %{saM-sarjana} &c. see %{saM-sRj}, col. 3. mfn. commingling, combining (intr.) Ka1tyS3r.
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) mixture or union together, commixture, blending, conjunction, connection, contact, association, society, sexual union, intercourse with (gen. instr. with and without %{saha} loc., or comp.) S3rS. Pra1t. MBh. &c. [1120,1]
    confusion, Ma1nGrHariv.
    indulging in, partaking of (comy.) R. Das3. BhP.
    sensual attachment Mn. vi, 72
    a partic. conjunction of celestial bodies AV. Paris3
    a partic. combination of two humours which produces diseases (cf. %{saM-nipAta}) Sus3r.
    community of goods Dayabh.
    duration MBh. iii, 11, 238
    point of intersection S3ulbas.
    acquaintance, familiarity W.
    co-existence (= %{samavA7ya}) ib.
    (%{I}) f. see below %{-ja} mfn. produced by union or contact Sus3r.
    %{-tas} ind. through union or connection, in consequence of intercourse or familiarity MW.
    %{-doSa} m. the fault or evil consequences of association (with bad people) ib.
    %{-vat} mfn. being in contact, connected with (comp.
    also %{-tva} n.) Ka1lid.
    %{vidtA} f. the art of intercourse with men, social science MBh.
    %{-gA7bhAva} m. (in Nya1ya) a partic. form of the category of non-existence (said to be of three kinds, prior, incidental, and final, or absence of birth, destruction of present being, and necessary cessation of existence)
    %{-prakaraNa} n. N. of wk.
  175. संसार (saṃsāra) (saṃsāra)
    &c. see %{saM-sR} below. m. going or wandering through, undergoing transmigration MaitrUp.
    course, passage, passing through a succession of states, circuit of mundane existence, transmigration, metempsychosis, the world, secular life, worldly illusion (%{A@saMsArAt}, `" from the beginning of the world "') Up. Mn. MBh. &c. [1119,3]
    w.r. for %{saM-cAra} Bhartr2.
  176. संस्कार (saṃskāra) (saṃskāra)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) putting together, forming well, making perfect, accomplishment, embellishment adornment, purification, cleansing, making ready, preparation, dressing (of food), refining (of metals), polishing (of gems), rearing (of animals or plants) Gr2S3rS. MBh. Ka1v., &c.
    cleansing the body, toilet, attire Hariv.
    forming the mind, training, education R. Ragh.
    correction (also in an astronomical sense Su1ryas.), correct formation or use of a word Nir. Sarvad.
    correctness, purity (esp. of pronunciation or expression) MBh. R. &c.
    making sacred, hallowing, consecration Mn. MBh. &c.
    a sacred or sanctifying ceremony, one which purifies from the taint of sin contracted in the, womb and leading to regeneration (12 such ceremonies are enjoined on the first three or twice-born classes in Mn. ii, 27, viz. 1. %{garbhA7dhAna}, 2. %{puM-savana}, 3. %{sImanto7nnayana}, 4. %{jAta-karman}, 5. %{nAmakarman}, 6. %{niSkramaNa}, 7. %{anna-prA7zana}, 8. %{cUDA-karman}, 9. %{upanayana}, 10. %{kezA7nta}, 11. %{samAvartana}, 12. %{vivAha}, qq. vv.
    accord. to Gaut. viii, 8 &c. there are 40 Sam2ska1ras) Gr2S. Mn. MBh. &c. (IW.188
    192 &c. RTL. 353) [1120,3]
    the ceremony performed on a dead body (i.e. cremation) R.
    any purificatory ceremony W.
    the faculty of memory, mental impression or recollection, impression on the mind of acts done in a former state of existence (one of the 24 qualities of the Vais3eshikas, including %{bhAvanA}, the faculty of reproductive imagination "') Kan2. Sarvad. (IW. 69)
    (pl., with Buddhists) a mental conformation or creation of the mind (such as that of the external world, regarded by it as real, though actually non-existent, and forming the second link in the twelvefold chain of causation or the fourth of the 5 Skandhas) Dharmas. 22
    42
    a polishing stone MW.
  177. संस्कृत (saṃskṛta) (saṃskṛta)
    (or %{sa4M-skRta}) mfn. put together, constructed, well or completely formed, perfected Lalit.
    made ready, prepared, completed, finished RV. &c. &c.: dressed, cooked (as food) MBh. R. BhP.
    purified, consecrated, sanctified, hallowed, initiated S3Br. &c. &c.
    refined, adorned, ornamented, polished, highly elaborated (esp. applied to highly wrought speech, such as the Sanskr2it language as opp, to the vernaculars) Mn. MBh. &c.
    m. a man of one of the three classes who has been sanctified by the purificatory rites W.
    a Iearned man MW.
    a word formed according to accurate rules, a regular derivation ib.
    (%{a4m}) n. making ready, preparation or a prepared place, sacrifice RV. TS. S3Br. Gr2S3rS.
    a sacred usage or custom MW.
    the Sanskr2it language (cf. above) S3iksh. Bhar. Das3ar. &c.
    %{-tva} n. the being prepared or made ready &c. Jaim.
    %{-maJjarI} f. N. of wk.
    %{-maya} mf(%{I}) u. consisting of Sanskr2it, Ka1s3ikh.
    %{-mAlA} f. %{-ratna-mAlA} f. %{-vAkya-ratnA7valI} f. N. of wks.
    %{-vat} mfn. one who has perfected or elaborated or finished MW.
    %{-tA7tman} m. one who has received the purificatory rites Mn. x, 110
    a sage W.
    %{-to7kti} f. refined or polished language, a Sanskr2it word or expression Hit. [1121,1]
  178. संस्कृति (saṃskṛti) (saṃskṛti)
    f. making ready, preparation, perfection VS. &c. &c.
    formation AitBr.
    hallowing, consecration BhP.
    determination, effort
    m. N. of Krishn2a MBh. (B. %{saM-skRta})
    of a king VP. (v.l. %{saM-kRti}).
  179. संस्तुत (saṃstuta) (saṃstuta)
    mfn. praised or hymned together TS. TBr. Nir.
    praised, celebrated, extolled Hariv. R. Pur.
    counted together (as one Stotra), reckoned together TS. Br. Ka1tyS3r.
    equal to, passing for (instr. or comp.) A1past. Katha1s. BhP.
    acquainted familiar, intimate Ka1v. VarBr2S. Ra1jat.
    %{-tva} n. the being praised together ChUp.
    %{-prA7ya} mfn. for the most part lauded or hymned together, associated in hymns MW.
  180. संस्थ (saṃstha) (saṃstha)
    mf(%{A})n. standing together, standing or staying or resting or being in or on, contained in (loc. or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    being in or with, belonging to (loc. or comp.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    based or resting or dependent on (loc.) MBh.
    partaking or possessed of (comp.) MBh. Pan5cat.
    existing, lasting for a time (comp.) Vet.
    ended, perished, dead
    (%{saM-stha4}) m. presence (only loc. `" in the presence or midst of. "' with %{cid}, `" by one's mere presence "') RV.
    a spy, secret emissary (cf. %{saMsthA} below)
    a dweller, resident, inhabitant W.
    a fellow-countryman, neighbour ib.
    (%{A4}) f. see next.
  181. संस्थान (saṃsthāna) (saṃsthāna)
    mfn. standing together MW.
    like, resembling W.
    applied to Vishn2u MBh.
    m. (pl.) N. of a people ib.
    n. (ifc. f. %{A}) staying or abiding in (comp.) Hit. (cf. %{dUra-s-})
    standing still or firm (in a battle) Gaut.
    being, existence, life MBh. S3am2k. BhP.
    abiding by, strict adherence or obedience to (comp.) Ka1m.
    abode, dwelling-place, habitation Nir. KaushUp. MBh. &c.
    a public place (in a town) Mn. MBh. &c.
    shape, form, appearance (often with %{rUpa}) MBh. R. &c.
    beauty, splendour MBh.
    the symptom of a disease Sus3r.
    nature, state, condition BhP.
    an aggregate, whole, totality BhP.
    termination, conclusion MaitrS.
    end, death
    formation
    vicinty, neighbourhood
    %{-cArin} w.r. for %{sa-sthAsnu-c-}
    %{-bhukti} f. (with %{kAlasya}) the passage through various periods of time BhP.
    %{-vat} mfn. being, existing R.
    having various forms Ka1m.
  182. संस्थित (saṃsthita) (saṃsthita)
    mfn. standing (as opp. to `" lying "' or `" sitting "') Ya1jn5.
    one who has stood or held out (in fight) Ma1rkP.
    placed, resting, lying, sitting, being in or on (%{upari} loc., or comp.) Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
    abiding, remaining, left standing (for a long time, as food
    with %{tathai9va}, remaining in the same condition "') Ya1jn5. VarBr2S. Ragh.
    lasting, enduring MBh.
    imminent, future Hariv.
    shaped, formed (cf. %{duH-} and %{su-s-}), appearing in a partic. shape or form, formed like, resembling (often ifc.
    with %{navadhA}, `" ninefold "'
    with %{masI-rUpeNa}, `" appearing in the form of black ink "') MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    being in a partic. state or condition, addicted or given to, intent upon (loc. or comp.) Hariv. Ka1v. VarBr2S.
    founded or based upon (loc.) MBh.
    directed to wards, fixed upon (comp.) BhP.
    relating to, concerning (loc. or comp.) Ka1m. Ma1rkP.
    skilled in, acquainted or familiar with (loc.) MBh. R.
    started, set out for (dat. or %{abhimukham}) R.
    frequented (as a place) Mn. viii, 371
    finished, concluded, completed, ready Br. S3rS.
    perished, died (n. impers.) Mn. MBh. BhP.
    near or contiguous to W.
    heaped, collected ib.
    n. conduct Cat.
    form, shape MBh.
    %{-yaju4s} n. the final sacrificial formula and the oblation connected with it Br.
    %{-vat} mfn. (pl, = 3. pl. pf.
    pl. [with %{sukhena}] `" they lived happily together "') Pan5cat.
    %{-homa} m. a final sacrifice, S3rS
  183. संस्पर्श (saṃsparśa) (saṃsparśa)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) close or mutual contact, touch, conjunction, mixture AV. &c. &c.
    perception, sense W.
    (%{A}) f. a kind of fragrant plant or perfume (= %{janI})
    (%{-za}) %{-ja} mfn. produced by contact or sensible perception BhP.
  184. संस्पृष्ट (saṃspṛṣṭa) (saṃspṛṣṭa)
    mfn. touched, brought into contact, closely united with (instr. or comp.), mutually joined, mixed, combined, contiguous, adjacent TS. &c. &c.
    reached, attained (in %{a-s-}) Katha1s.
    visited, affected or afflicted by (instr.) Ka1v. VarBr2S.
    (ifc.) defiled by (in %{a-s-}) Sarvad.
    %{-maithunA} f. a seduced girl (unfit for marriage)
  185. संहत (saṃhata) (saṃhata)
    mfn. struck together, closely joined or united with (instr.), keeping together, contiguous, coherent, combined, compacted, forming one mass or body A1s3vS3r. Mn. MBh. &c. [1122,3]
    accompanied or attended by (instr.) Mn. vii, 165
    become solid, compact, firm, hard MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    strong-limbed, athletic MBh.
    strong, intensive VarBr2S.
    (prob.) complex, composite, compound (said of a partic. tone and odour) MBh.
    struck, hurt, wounded, killed W.
    n. a partic. position in dancing, Sam2igi1t.
    %{-kulIna} mfn. belonging to a family closely allied or related A1pS3r. Sch.
    %{-jAnu} or %{-jAnuka} mfn. knock-kneed
    %{-tala} m. the two hands joined with the open palms brought together W.
    %{-tA} f. close contact or union S3is3.
    %{-tva} n. id. Pan5cat. (v.l.)
    complexity. compactness, close combination W.
    %{-pucchi} ind. with contracted tail g. %{dvidaNDy-Adi}
    %{-bhrU} mfn. knitting the brows MBh.
    %{-bhrUkuTi-mukha} mfn. one on whose face the brows are contracted ib.
    %{-mUrti} mfn. of compact form or shape, strong, intensive VarBr2S.
    %{vAk-kala} mfn. (du.) `" joining the tones of the voice "', singing a duet Ma1rkP.
    %{-vRtto7ru} mfn. one who has round and firm thighs R.
    %{-starnI} f. a woman whose breasts are very close to each other MW.
    %{-hasta} mfn. seizing or holding each other by the hand (%{-tva}, n.) Gobh. Sch.
    %{-tA7Gga} mfn. strong-limbed, well-knit Sus3r.
    in close contiguity (as hills) MBh.
    %{-tA7Jjoli} mfn.
    joining the hollowed han ds (as a mark of supplication) Hariv.
    %{-tA7zva} m. N. of a king (son of Nikumbha) Hariv.
    %{-to7ru} mfn. firm-thighed MBh.
  186. संहार (saṃhāra) (saṃhāra)
    %{-raka} &c. see %{saM-hR}. m. bringing together, collection, accumulation MBh.
    contraction (of the organs of speech, opp. to %{vi-hAra} q.v.) RPra1t.
    drawing in (of an elephant's trunk) Ragh.
    binding together (of hair
    cf. %{veNI-s-}) MBh.
    fetching back (an arrow after its discharge by magical means) MBh. R. Pur. (cf. IW. 402 n. 1)
    abridgment, comprehensive description, a compendium, manual La1t2y.
    destruction (esp. the periodical desdestruction of the universe at end of a Kalpa) Mn. MBh. &c.
    a destroyer (= %{saMhartR}) MBh. xiv, 1577
    end, conclusion (of a drama or of an act of a drama) Bhar. Sa1h. &c.
    a division of the infernal regions
    N. of an Asura (v.l. %{saM-hrAda}) Hariv.
    practice, skill W.
    %{-kArin} mfn. causing universal destruction Pan5cat.
    %{-kAla} m. the time of the desdestruction of the world MBh.
    %{-kAlAya} Nom. A1. %{-yate}, to appear like the time of the desdestruction of the wworld S3ukas.
    %{-buddhi-mat} mfn. intending to destroy the world Hariv.
    %{-bhairava} m. Bhairava as world-destroyer (one of the 8 forms of BhBhairava q.v.) Cat.
    %{-mudrA} f. N. of a partic. posture in the Tantra worship (= %{visarjana-mudrA}) MW.
    %{-varman} m. N. of a man Das3.
    %{-vega-vat} mfn. ardently wishing to destroy the world MBh.
  187. संहित (saṃhita) (saṃhita)
    mfn. (1. %{dhA}) put together, joined, attached RV. &c. &c.
    fixed, settled AitBr.
    composed of (comp.) ib.
    placed together (%{pArzva-s-}, `" placed side by side "') La1t2y.
    uninterrupted (as a series of words) RPra1t.
    joined or connected or endowed or furnished with, abounding in, possessed of, accompanied by (comp.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    agreeing with, conformable to (%{dharma-s-}, `" in accordance with justice "') R.
    relating to, concerning (comp.) ib.
    connected with, proceeding from (comp.) MBh.
    being on friendly terms with (instr.) ib.
    (%{-ta4}) mfn. mixed in colour, variegated VS. TS.
    (%{A}) f. see next
    n. N. of a Sa1man A1rshBr.
  188. संहितापाठ (saṃhitāpāṭha) (saṃhitāpāṭha)
    m. the continuous text of the Veda (as formed out of the Pada-pa1t2ha q.v.) Pat. Sch.
  189. संहृष्ट (saṃhṛṣṭa) (saṃhṛṣṭa)
    mfn. bristling, shuddering MBh.
    one whose hair stands erect (with joy) R.
    thrilled, delighted, glad MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    flaming briskly (as fire) R.
    %{-manas} mfn. delighted in mind Pan5cat.
    %{-roman} or %{-romA7Gga} mfn. one who has the hair of the body bristling (with joy), thrilled, delighted MBh.
    %{-vat} mfn. joyfully, gladly R.
    %{-vadana} mfn. one whose face is beaming with joy ib.
  190. संहृष्टिन् (saṃhṛṣṭin) (saṃhṛṣṭin)
    mfn. erect (as the male organ) Car.
  191. संह्राद (saṃhrāda) (saṃhrāda)
    m. a loud noise, uproar, sound MBh. R. &c.
    `" Shouter "'N. of an Asura (son of Hiran2ya-kas3ipu) MBh. Hariv. Pur. (v.l. %{-hlAda}).
  192. सकरुण (sakaruṇa) (sakaruṇa)
    mfn. lamentable, pitiable, piteous, full of pity (%{am} ind. `" piteously "') Mr2icch. Ratna7v. Hit.
    tender, compassionate (%{am} ind. `" compassionately "') S3ak. BhP.
  193. सकर्मक (sakarmaka) (sakarmaka)
    mfn. effective, having consequences BhP.
    (in gram.) `" having an object "', transitive Pa1n2. 1-3, 53.
  194. सकल (sakala) (sakala)
    mfn. (for 2. see s.v.) having a soft or low sound MW.2 mf(%{A})n. (fr. 7. %{sa} + %{kalA}
    for 1. %{sa-kala} see p. 1123, col. 3) consisting of parts, divisible, material (opp. to %{a-} and %{niS-k-}) MaitrUp. MBh.
    possessing all its component parts, complete, entire, whole, all (%{pratijJAM@sakalAM-kR}, `" to fulfil one's promise "'
    m. [sometimes with %{api}] `" everybody "'
    n. `" everything "' or `" one's whole property "') Ka1tyS3r. Mn. MBh. &c.
    whole = wholesome, sound (opp. to %{vi-kala}) Ni1lak.
    affected by the elements of the material world (with S3aivas applied to a soul which has not advanced beyond the lowest stage of progress) Sarvad.
    paying interest Naish.
  195. सकार (sakāra) (sakāra)
    m. the sound o, letter %{s} Pra1t.
    %{-bheda} m. N. of a gram. treatise on the difference of the sibilants (cf. %{za-kAra-bheda}). mfn. (for 1. and 2. see p. 1111) active, energetic S3is3. xix, 17.
  196. सकाश (sakāśa) (sakāśa)
    m. see s.v. mfn. having appearance or visibility, visible, present, near
    m. presence, propinquity, vicinity, nearness (used in the sense of a preposition, esp. after verbs of motion, such as `" to go, come "', &c., with a gen. [or rarely abl.] of a person, or ifc. [1124,3]
    e.g. %{sakAzam}, `" to, towards, near "'
    %{sakAze}, `" in the presence of, before "'
    %{sakAzAt}, or %{-zatas}, `" from the presence of, from "'
    %{A@sakAzAt}, `" as far as, up to "' [the fire]) S3rS. Up. MBh. &c.
  197. सकृत् (sakṛt) (sakṛt)
    see s.v.1 mfn. (fr. 7. %{sa} + 1. %{kRt}) acting at once or simultaneously AV. xi, 1, 10
    ind. at once, suddenly, forthwith, immediately RV. Br. S3rS. Mn. MBh.
    once (= semel, with %{a4hnaH}, `" once a day "'
    repeated = `" in each case only once "') RV. &c. &c.
    once, formerly, ever (with %{mA} = `" never "' Ka1v. VarYogay.
    once for all, for ever ChUp. Ka1v. Ma1rkP.
    at once, together W. [For cognate words see under 7. %{sa}.]
  198. सकोप (sakopa) (sakopa)
    mf(%{A})n. full of anger, enraged, displeased (%{am} ind.) Ka1d. Hit.
    %{-vikRti} mfn. agitated with anger Katha1s.
  199. सक्त (sakta) (sakta)
    %{sakti}, %{saktu} &c. see %{saJj}.
  200. सक्ति (sakti) (sakti)
    f. adherence, attachment, devotion or addiction to, indulgence or perseverance in, occupation with (loc. or comp.) Mn. Kir. Katha1s. (cf. %{a-pras-} and %{ati-pras-})
    occurrence, practicability (%{-timpra} %{yA}, `" to be practicable "') Ra1jat.
    (in gram.)bearing upon, applicability (of a rule) RPra1t. Sch.
    connection, association W.
    inference, conclusion ib.
    a topic of conversation ib.
    acquisition ib. f. connexion, entwinement (of creepers) Kir.
    clinging or adhering to (loc. or comp.), attachment, addiction (esp. to worldly objects) S3is3. Ra1jat. Sarvad.
  201. सखि (sakhi) (sakhi)
    m. (strong cases nom. %{sa4khA} pl. %{sa4khAyaH}
    acc. sg. %{sa4khAyam}
    gen. abl. %{sa4khyus}
    other cases regularly from %{sakhi}) a friend, assistant, companion RV. &c. &c.
    the husband of the wife's sister, brother-in-law Gal.
    (%{I}), f. see below. [Cf. Lat. {socius}.]
  202. सख्य (sakhya) (sakhya)
    n. friendship, intimacy with, relation to (loc. or instr. with and without %{samam}, %{saha} &c.), fellowship, community RV. &c. &c.
  203. सगन्ध (sagandha) (sagandha)
    mfn. having smell, smelling Sus3r.
    odoriferous, fragrant W.
    having the same smell as (instr. or comp.) VarBr2S. Vop. (also %{-dhin} MBh.)
    related, kin S3ak. (in Pra1kr2it)
    proud, arrogant Megh. (v.l. %{-garva}).
  204. सगर (sagara) (sagara)
    (%{sa4-}). mfn. (for 2. &c. see below) accompanied by praise (fr. %{gara}, 1. %{gRR}
    said of the fires) VS. (Sch.
    accord. to others, `" swallowing "', `" devouring "', fr. %{gara}, 2. %{gRR}).2 mfn. (fr. 7. %{sa} + %{gara}, `" poison "', 2. %{gRR}
    for 1. %{sa-gara} see above) containing poison, poisonous (n. `" poisonous food "') R. BhP. m. `" provided with moisture "', the atmosphere, air RV. TS. Ka1t2h. (cf. Naigh. i, 3)
    N. of a king of the solar race, sovereign of Ayodhya1 (son of Ba1hu
    he is said to have been called Sa-gara, as born together with a poison given to his mother by the other wife of his father
    he was father of Asaman5ja by Kes3ini1 and of sixty thousand sons by Su-mati
    the latter were turned into a heap of ashes by the sage Kapila [see %{bhagIratha}], and their funeral ceremonies could only be performed by the waters of Gan3ga1 to be brought from heaven for the purpose of purifying their remains [1125,2]
    this was finally accomplished by the devotion of Bhagi1ratha, who having led the river to the sea, called it Sa1gara in honour of his ancestor: Sagara is described as having subdued the S3akas, Yavanas, and other barbarous tribes
    pl. `" the sons of Sagara "') MBh. R. &c. (IW. 361)
    N. of a partic. Arhat MW.
  205. सगुण (saguṇa) (saguṇa)
    mf(%{A})n. furnished with (or together with) a string or cord MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    furnished with partic. attributes or properties S3rS.
    having qualities, qualified BhP. Veda7ntas.
    having good qualities or virtues, virtuous (%{-tva} n.) Ka1v. Katha1s. &c.
    worldly MW.
    %{-nirguNa-vAda} m. N. of a Veda7nta wk.
    %{-vatI} f. N. of wk. (on the mystic power of the letters of the alphabet, ascribed to S3amkara7ca1rya) Cat.
    %{-Nin} mfn. having good qualities, virtuous Bhartr2.
  206. सगोत्र (sagotra) (sagotra)
    mfn. being of the same family or kin, related to (gen. or comp.) Br. Gaut. &c.
    m. a kinsman of the same family (one sprung from a common ancestor or one connected by funeral oblations of food and water) A1p. Mn. MBh. &c.
    a distant kinsman
    n. a family, race or lineage W.
  207. सग्धि (sagdhi) (sagdhi)
  208. सङ्ग (saṅga) (saṅga)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A} or %{I}) sticking, clinging to, touch, contact with (loc. or comp.) TS. &c. &c.
    relation to, association or intercourse with (gen. instr. with and without %{saha} loc., or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    addiction or devotion to, propensity for, (esp.) worldly or selfish attachment or affection, desire, wish, cupidity Mn. MBh. &c.
    (with %{atreH}) N. of a Sa1man Br.
  209. सङ्गिन् (saṅgin) (saṅgin)
    mfn. attached or devoted to (comp.) R2itus. S3am2k.
    connected with, dependent on, belonging to, contingent, additional MBh. Sus3r.
    occurring, appearing, occasional, incidental MBh. Pat.
    secondary, subordinate, non-essential MBh.
    %{-gi-tA} f. attachment, addiction to intercourse with (comp.) MBh. Tattvas. mfn. hanging on, sticking in, clinging or adhering to (comp.) Ka1v. Katha1s.
    coming into contact with, touching (comp.) Ma1rkP.
    attached or devoted or addicted to, fond of, intent on, connected with (gen. loc., or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    full of affection or desire, worldly, licentious Pur. Katha1s.
    continuous, uninterrupted Kir.
  210. सचिव (saciva) (saciva)
    m. an associate, companion, friend, (%{I} f.)
    esp. a king's friend or attendant, counsellor, minister (ifc. = `" assisted by "', `" provided with "') Gaut. Mn. MBh. &c.
    the dark thorn-apple L.
  211. सचिवत्व (sacivatva) (sacivatva)
    n. (Katha1s.) the position or rank of a minister.
  212. सच्छूद्र (sacchūdra) (sacchūdra)
    (%{s-} + %{zU-}) m. a good S3u1dra, a S3u1dra who has gone through the ceremonies customary in some places even for men of the lower caste W.
    %{-rA7cAra} m. %{-rA7hnika} n. N. of wks.
  213. सजीव (sajīva) (sajīva)
    mf(%{A})n. having life, alive (%{-tA} f.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    having a bow-string (%{-tA} f.) S3is3.
  214. सज्ज (sajja) (sajja)
    mf(%{A})n. fixed, prepared, equipped, ready for (dat. loc. inf., or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    fit for everything (said of hands and feet) Pan5cad.
    dressed in armour, armed, fortified
    having a bowstring, strung, placed on a bow-string (in these senses often a mere v.l. for %{sa-jya} q.v.) MBh. R.
    (%{A}) f. equipment, armour, mail
    dress, decoration L.
  215. सज्जन (sajjana) (sajjana)
    mfn. (for %{saj-jana} see p. 1135, col. 1) hanging round (e.g. %{kaNTha-s-}, `" hhanging rround the neck "') Mn. ii, 63
    n. a flight of steps or Gha1t leading down to the water, ferry
    equipment, preparation &c.
    caparisoning an elephant (also %{A} f.)
    a guard, sentry
  216. सटा (saṭā) (saṭā)
    f. (cf. %{zaTA}, %{chaTA} and %{jaTA}) an ascetic's matted or clotted hair, a braid of hair (in general) MBh.
    the mane (of a lion or horse) or the bristles (of a boar) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a crest (= %{zikhA})
    a multitude, number VarBr2S.
    light, lustre BhP.
  217. सत् (sat) (sat)
    mf(%{satI4})n. (pr. p. of 1. %{as}) being, existing, occurring, happening, being present (%{sato@me}, `" when I was present "'
    often connected with other participles or with an adverb e.g. %{nAmni@kRte@sati}, `" when the name has been given "'
    %{tathA@sati}, `" if it be so "'
    also ibc., where sometimes = `" possessed of "' cf. %{sat-kalpavRkSa}) RV. &c. &c.
    abiding in (loc.) MBh.
    belonging to (gen.) S3Br.
    living Mun2d2Up.
    lasting, enduring Ka1v. RV. &c. &c.
    real, actual, as any one or anything ought to be, true, good, right (%{tan@na@sat}, `" that is not right "'), beautiful, wise, venerable, honest (often in comp. see below) RV. &c. &c.
    m. a being, (pl.) beings, creatures RV. &c.
    a good or wise man, a sage MBh. R.
    good or honest or wise or respectable people Mn. MBh. &c.
    (%{I4}) f. see %{sati4} below
    (%{sat}) n. that which really is, entity or existence, essence, the true being or really existent (in the Veda7nta, `" the self-existent or Universal Spirit, Brahma "') RV. &c. &c.
    that which is good or real or true, good, advantage, reality, truth ib.
    water Naigh. i, 12
    (in gram.) the terminations of the present participle Pa1n2. 3-2, 127 &c.
    (%{sat}) ind. (cf. %{sat-kR} &c.) well, right, fitly. [Cf. Gk. $ for $
    Lat. {sens} in &343162[1134,2] {absens}, {pra-sens}
    {sons}, `" guilty "', orig. `" the real doer "'
    Lith. {sa1s}, {e4sas}
    Slav. {sy}, {sas8ta}.]
  218. सतत (satata) (satata)
    mfn. (fr. 7. %{sa} + %{t-}
    accord. to Pa1n2. 6-1, 144 Va1rtt. 1 = %{saM-tata} as %{sa-hita} = %{saM-h-}) constant, perpetual, continual, uninterrupted (only in comp. and %{am} ind. `" constantly, always, ever "'
    with %{na}, `" never "') Mn. MBh. &c.
  219. सती (satī) (satī)
    1 f. (fem. of %{sat}
    for 2. see P. 1138, col. 2) her ladyship, your ladyship (= %{bhavatI}, sometimes = `" you "') MBh.
    a good and virtuous or faithful wife (esp. applied in later use to the faithful wwife [popularly called Suttee who burns herself with her husband's corpse W.
    compar. %{satI-tarA}, %{sati-t-} or %{sat-t-}) Ka1v. VarBr2S. Katha1s. &c.
    a wife, female (of an animal) BhP.
    a female ascetic MW.
    a fragrant earth
    two kinds of metre Col.
    N. of the wife of Vis3va1mitra RV.
    of the goddess Durga1 or Uma1 (sometimes described as Truth personified or as a daughter of Daksha and wife of Bhava [S3iva], and sometimes represented as putting an end to herself by Yoga, or at a later period burning herself on the funeral pyre of her husband) Pur. Kum.
    of one of the wives of An3giras BhP.
    of various women of modern times (also %{-devI}) Cat.
  220. सत्कार (satkāra) (satkāra)
    m. (sg. or pl.) kind treatment, honour, favour, reverence (with %{pazcima} = %{-karaNa} Hariv.
    %{rAja-sat-k-}, `" the favour of a king "' R.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    hospitable treatment, hospitality ib.
    feasting (or = `" a meal "'), festival, religious observance MW.
    care, attention, consideration of or regard for a thing Yogas.
    w.r. for %{saMskAra} Hariv.
    %{-rA7rha} mfn. worthy of hospitable treatment Nal.
  221. सत्कार्य (satkārya) (satkārya)
    mfn. that which is effected
    deserving of honour or hospitality R.
    one to whom the last honours (i.e. cremation) are to be paid ib.
    n. (in Sa1m2khya phil.) the necessary existence of an effect (as inherent in a cause) Sa1m2khyak. Tattvas. Kap. Sch.
    %{-vAda} m. (or %{-siddhA7nta} m. Kap.) the doctrine of the actual existence of an effect (in its cause) Ba1dar. Sch.
    %{-vAdin} m. an adherent of the above doctrine ib.
  222. सत्कृत (satkṛta) (satkṛta)
    mfn. done well W.
    adorned with (comp.) MBh. Pur.
    honoured, treated with respect or hospitality, entertained MBh. R. VarBr2S. &c.
    worshipped, adored VarBr2S.
    m. N. of S3iva MW.
    n. virtue W.
    respect ib.
    honourable reception Ma1rkP.
  223. सत्तम (sattama) (sattama)
    (%{sa4t-}) mfn. very good or right, the best, first, chief of (gen. or comp.) Br. S3a1n3khS3r. ChUp. &c.
    most virtuous W.
    very venerable or respectable ib.
    %{-tA} f. the first rank of all BhP.
  224. सत्ता (sattā) (sattā)
    f. existence, being Up. Kan2. Tarkas. &c.
    a partic. Ja1ti (in phil.) MW.
    goodness, excellence W.
    %{-jAti-prAmANya} n. N. of wk.
    %{-mAtra} n. mere entity or existence (%{-trA7tman} mfn. `" whose nature is entitled only to the predicate being "') VP.
    %{-vat} mfn. entitled to the pred. `" being "', endowed with existence Bha1sha1p.
    %{--vApya} (%{-tA7v-}) mfn. included in (the notion of) exexistence MW.
  225. सत्त्र (sattra) (sattra)
    n. `" session "', a great Soma sacrifice (lasting accord. to some, from 13 to 100 days and performed by many officiating Bra1hmans
    also applied to any oblation or meritorious work equivalent to the performance of a Sattra
    %{sattra4sya4rddhiH}N. of a Sa1man A1rshBr.) RV. &c. &c.
    a house, asylum, hospital Ra1jat. Katha1s.
    an assumed form or disguise, illusive semblance MBh. Das3. [1138,3]
    fraud, deception
    a wood, forest Kir.
    a tank, pond
    liberality, munificence
    wealth
    clothes L.
  226. सत्त्रिन् (sattrin) (sattrin)
    m. the performer or partaker or companion of a Sattra sacrifice TS. &c. &c.
    an ambassador or agent in a foreign country W.
    one whose merits are equal to the performance of a SSattra MBh.
    disguised ib. Ka1m.
  227. सत्त्व (sattva) (sattva)
    see below.
  228. सत्त्ववत् (sattvavat) (sattvavat)
    mfn. endowed with life, living, existent, a living being W.
    endowed with or possessed of the true essence MW.
    resolute, energetic, courageous MBh. R. Sus3r. &c.
    abounding in the quality SSattva Sus3r.
    (%{atI}) f. pregnant DivyA7v.
    N. of a Tantra deity Buddh.
  229. सत्य (satya) (satya)
    mf(%{A})n. true, real, actual, genuine, sincere, honest, truthful, faithful, pure, virtuous, good. successful, effectual, valid (%{satyaM-kR}, `" to make true, ratify, realise, fulfil "') RV. &c. &c.
    m. the uppermost of the seven Lokas or worlds (the abode of Brahma1 and heaven of truth
    see %{loka})
    N. of the ninth Kalpa (q.v.) Pur.
    the As3vattha tree
    N. of Vishn2u
    of Ra1ma-candra
    of a supernatural being Gaut. VarBr2S. Hcat.
    of a deity presiding over the Na1ndi1-mukha S3ra1ddha
    of one of the Vis3ve Deva1h Cat.
    of a Vya1sa Cat.
    of a son of Havir-dha1na BhP.
    of a son of Vitatya MBh.
    of one of the 7 R2ishis in various Manvantaras Hariv. Pur.
    (with %{AcArya}) N. of an astronomer (author of the Hora1-s3a1stra) VarBr2S.
    pl. N. of a class of gods in various Manvantaras Hariv. Pur.
    (%{A}) f. speaking the truth, sincerity, veracity W.
    a partic. S3akti Pan5car.
    N. of Durga1 Cat.
    of S3ita1
    of Satyavati1 (mother of Vya1sa)
    = %{satya-bhAmA} MBh. Hariv. S3is3.
    of the family deity of the Kutsas and Atharvans Cat.
    of a daughter of Dharma (and wife of S3am2-yu) MBh.
    of the mother of Satya (= %{tuSita}) VP.
    of the wife of Manthu (and mother of Bhauvana) BhP.
    of a daughter of Nagna-jit (and wife of Kr2ishn2a) ib.
    (%{am}) n. truth, reality (%{satyena}, `" truly "', `" certainly "', `" really "'
    %{ka4smAt@sa4tyAt}, `" for what reason, how is it that? "' %{te4na@satye4na}, `" for that reason, so truly "'
    %{yathA-tena} [or %{evaM}] %{satyena}, `" as-so truly "'
    with Buddhists truth is of two kinds, viz. %{saMvRti-} and %{paramA7rtha-satyam}, `" truth by general consent "' and `" self-evident truth "' Dharmas. 95
    for the four fundamental truths of Buddhists see MWB. 43
    56) RV. &c. &c.
    speaking the truth, sincerity, veracity KenUp. Mn. R. &c.
    a solemn asseveration, vow, promise, oath (%{satyaM@cikIrSamANa}, `" wishing to fulfil one's promise or keep one's word "') AV. &c. &c.
    demonstrated conclusion, dogma W.
    the quality of goodness or purity or knowledge MW.
    the first of the four Yugas or ages (= 1. %{-kRta4} q.v.)
    a partic. mythical weapon R.
    the uppermost of the 7 Lokas (see under m.) Veda7ntas. BhP.
    one of the 7 Vya1hr2itis
    partic. Satya-formula A1s3vS3r.
    = %{udaka}, water Naigh. i, 12
    (also with %{prajApateH}) N. of Sa1mans A1rshBr. S3rS.
    (%{a4m}) ind. (g. %{cA7di} and %{svar-Adi}) truly, indeed, certainly, verily, necessarily, yes, very well (%{satyam-tu}, %{kiM@tu}, %{tathA7pi}, `" it is true - but, yet, however "'
    %{yat@sasyam}, `" indeed, certainly "') RV. &c. &c. [Cf. accord. to some, Gk. $.]
  230. सत्यक (satyaka) (satyaka)
    mfn. = %{satya} W.
    m. N. of a son of S3ini MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    of a son of Manu Raivata Ma1rkP.
    of a son of Kr2ishn2a and Bhadra1 BhP.
    pl. N. of a class of deities under Manu Tamasa BhP.
    n. ratification of a bargain
  231. सत्यभामा (satyabhāmā) (satyabhāmā)
    f. `" having true lustre "'N. of a daughter of Satra1-jit and one of the eight wives of Kr2ishn2a (she is described as having promoted the quarrels of the Ya1davas) MBh. Hariv. Pur. &c.
    %{-pariNaya} m. %{--bhyudaya} (%{-mA7bh-}) m. %{-daya-kAvya} n. %{-daya-vyAkhyAna} n. %{-vilAsa} m. N. of wks.
  232. सत्यवत् (satyavat) (satyavat)
    mfn. truthful, veracious MBh. R. BhP. Pan5car.
    containing the word %{satya} AitBr.
    w.r. for %{sattva-vat} Ragh.
    m. N. of a spell spoken over weapons R.
    of a son of Manu Raivata Hariv.
    of a son of Manu Ca1kshusha BhP.
    of a son of Dyumat-sena (husband of Sa1vitri1) MBh. R.
    (%{atI}) f. N. of the wife of Para1s3ara (S3a1m2tanu) and mother of Vya1sa MBh. Hariv. Pur. Pan5car.
    of a daughter of Ga1dhi and wife of R2ici1ka (fabled to have become the Kaus3iki1 river) MBh. Hariv. R. Pur.
    of the wife of Na1rada MBh.
    of the wife of S3iva-ra1ja-bhat2t2a Va1s., Introd.
    of a river = %{accho7dA} Cat.
    (%{-tI}) %{-suta} m. `" son of Satyavati "'N. of the poet, Vya1sa MBh.
  233. सत्यव्रत (satyavrata) (satyavrata)
    n. a vow of truthfulness Hariv. Ka1v.
    mf(%{A})n. devoted to a vow of ttruth, strictly truthful S3a1n3khS3r. MBh. Hariv. &c.
    m. N. of an ancient king Pan5cat.
    of a Ra1jarshi BhP.
    of Manu Vaivasvata MW.
    of a son of Dhr2ita-ra1sht2ra MBh.
    of a son of Deva-datta Cat.
    of a son of Trayya1run2a Hariv. Pur.
    of the author of a Dharma-s3a1stra Cat.: of other men Katha1s.
    pl. N. of the Kshatriyas in S3a1ka-dvi1pa BhP.
    of a class of supernatural beings attending on Satya-sena ib.
    %{-tIrtha} m. N. of a man, Cat
    %{-parA7yaNa} mfn. devoted to truth and religious observances MW.
    %{-smRti} f. N. of wk.
  234. सत्वत् (satvat) (satvat)
    m. pl.N. of a people inhabiting the south of India (cf. %{sAtvata}) Br. KaushUp. MBh. Hariv.
    of a son of Madhu Hariv.
  235. सत्वर (satvara) (satvara)
    mf(%{A})n. having or making haste, speedy, expeditious, quick (%{am} and compar. %{-taram} ind.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    %{-tA} f. %{-tva} n. quickness, hastiness, speed ib.
    %{-racanam} ind. quickly, immediately, at once Gi1t.
  236. सदन (sadana) (sadana)
    mf(%{I})n. causing to settle down or remain RV.
    n. a seat, dwelling, residence, house, home (often ifc. = `" abiding or dwelling in "') RV. &c. &c.
    settling down, coming to rest RV.
    relaxation, exhaustion Sus3r.
    water (= %{udaka}) Naigh. i, 12
    the abode of sacrifice, sacrificial hall MW.
    the abode of Yama ib.
  237. सदय (sadaya) (sadaya)
    mf(%{A})n. merciful, compassionate, kind, gentle (ibc. and %{am} ind. `" mercifully, kindly, gently, gradually "') Ka1v. Katha1s.
    %{-tva} n. kindness, gentleness Ja1takam.
    %{-hRdaya} mfn. having a compassionate heart, tender-hearted MW.
  238. सदस् (sadas) (sadas)
    n. (accord. to some also f.) a seat, residence, abode, dwelling, place of meeting, assembly (esp. at a sacrifice
    %{sa4dasas-pa4ti} m. = %{sa4das-pa4ti}
    %{sadasi}, `" in public "') RV. &c. &c.
    a shed erected in the sacrificial enclosure to the east of the Pra1ci1navan6s3a AV. VS.: Br. MBh. Hariv.
    du. heaven and earth (= %{dyAvA-pRthivI}) Naigh. iii, 30. [Cf. Gk. $.]
  239. सदस्पति (sadaspati) (sadaspati)
    (%{sa4das-}) m. du. &344472[1138,3] `" lords of the seat or of the sacrificial assembly "'N. of Indra and Agni RV.
  240. सदाचार (sadācāra) (sadācāra)
    m. practice of good men, virtuous conduct, good manners, approved usage Mn. Ya1jn5. Ka1v. &c.
    N. of wk.
    mf(%{A})n. well-conducted, virtuous Katha1s. Ra1jat. &c.
    %{-krama} m. %{-candro7daya} m. %{-cintana} n. %{-dharma} m. %{-nirNaya} m. %{-paddhati} f. %{-prakaraNa} n. N. of wks.
    %{-vat} mfn. well-conducted, well-behaved, having approved usages Mn. Pur.
    %{-varNana} n. %{-vidhi} m. %{-vivaraNa} n. %{-saMgraha} m. %{-samRddhi} f. %{-sAra-saMgraha} m. %{-stuti-stotra} n. %{-smRti} f. %{-smRti-vivaraNa} n. %{-smRti-vyAkhyA}, f.
    %{-rA7hnika-vidhi} m. N. of wks.
  241. सदृश (sadṛśa) (sadṛśa)
    mf(%{I}, once in R. %{A})n. like, resembling, similar to (gen. instr., loc "', or comp.) or in (instr. loc., or comp.) RV. &c. &c. (accord. to Pat. on Pa1n2. 6-2, 11 Va1rtt. 2 also compounded with a gen. e.g. %{dAsyAH-s-}, %{vRSalyAH-s-})
    conformable, suitable, fit, proper, right, worthy MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (%{am}) ind. suitably, well Uttarar.
  242. सद्भाव (sadbhāva) (sadbhāva)
    m. real being, existence Bhag. R. Ma1rkP. &c.
    the being true, truth, real state of things (%{zAstra-bh-}, `" the true purport of a work "') MBh. VarBr2S. BrahmaP. &c.
    the quality of goodness W.
    uprightness Ga1rud2aP.
    goodness, kindness, affection for (%{prati}), faithfulness MBh. Ka1v. Katha1s. &c.
    %{-zrI} f. N. of a goddess Ra1jat.
  243. सद्मन् (sadman) (sadman)
    m. a sitter, assessor, spectator R.
    (%{sa4-}) n. a seat, abode, dwelling, house, place (esp. of sacrifice), temple RV. &c. &c.
    a stand, stable RV. v, 11, 5
    67, 7
    (?) an astrological house Cat.
    water Naigh. i, 12
    war, battle (= %{saM-grAma}) ib.ii, 17
    (du.) heaven and earth ib. iii, 30
    mfn. dwelling in, inhabiting (ifc.)
  244. सधन (sadhana) (sadhana)
    n. (i.e.7. %{sa} + %{dh-}) common property S3Br.
    mfn. possessing riches, wealthy, opulent R. VarBr2S.
    together with riches Katha1s.
    %{-tA} f. wealthiness Prasan3g.
  245. सधर्म (sadharma) (sadharma)
    m. the same nature or qualities BhP.
    mfn. having the same nature or qualities Sa1h.
    subject to, the same law, equal, like BhP. (also %{-maka} A1pS3r. Sch.)
    virtuous, honest VarBr2S.
    %{-cAriNI} f. `" practising the same duties (with a husband) "', a wife, (esp.) a legal or virtuous wife MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    %{-tva} n. the having a similar nature, homogeneousness Sus3r. Pan5cat.
  246. सन (sana) (sana)
    1 m. (for 2. see p. 1141, col. 1) gain, acquisition (in %{ahaM-sana} and %{su-SaNa}, qq. vv.)
    presenting, offering BhP. 3 m. the flapping of an elephant's ears
    Bignonia Suaveolens or Terminalia Tomentosa (cf. 2. %{asana}) L.
  247. सनक (sanaka) (sanaka)
    mfn. former, old, ancient (%{At} ind. `" from of old "') RV.
    m. N. of a R2ishi (one of the four mind-born sons of Brahma1, described as one of the counsellors or companions of Vishn2u and as inhabiting the Janar-loka
    the other three are Sana, Sanatkuma1ra, and sa-nandana
    some reckon seven of these mind-born sons) MBh. Hariv. BhP. (cf. RTL. 422)
    of an inspired legislator W. [Cf. Lat. {Seneca}
    Goth. {sineigs}.]
  248. सनन्दन (sanandana) (sanandana)
    m. `" having joy "'N. of one of the 4 or 7 mind-born sons of Brahma1 (said to have preceded Kapila as teachers of the Sa1m2khya phil.
    cf. %{sanaka}) MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    of a pupil of S3am2kara7ca1rya and another author Cat.
    %{-saMhitA} f. N. of a Tantra wk. (one of the S3ubha7gamas) MW.
  249. सनय (sanaya) (sanaya)
    or mf(%{A})n. old, ancient RV.
  250. सनातन (sanātana) (sanātana)
    mf(%{I}, m.c.also %{A})n. eternal, perpetual, permanent, everlasting, primeval, ancient S3Br. &c. &c.
    m. N. of Brahma1
    of Vishn2u Bhat2t2.
    of S3iva
    a guest of deceased ancestors, one who must always be fed whenever he attends S3ra1ddhas
    N. of a R2ishi (in MBh. and later `" a mind-born son of Brahma1 "') TS. &c. &c.
    of a king Buddh.
    (with %{zarman} and %{go-svAmin}) of two authors Cat.
    pl. N. of partic. worlds Hariv.
    (%{I}) f. N. of Durga1 Cat. [1141,2]
    of Lakshmi1 or Sarasvati1 L.
  251. सनाभि (sanābhi) (sanābhi)
    (%{sa4-}) mfn. having the same nave or centre (as the spokes of a wheel or the fingers of the hand) RV. (cf. Naigh. ii, 5)
    connected by the same navel or womb, uterine, of kindred blood, a blood-relation
    m. or f. an uterine brother or sister (accord. to some = %{sa-piNDa}, `" a kinsman as far as the seventh degree "')Mn. BhP.
    having a navel, naveled TS.
    resembling, like, equal to (gen. or comp.) Ba1lar. Vcar. Va1s.
  252. सनाभ्य (sanābhya) (sanābhya)
    m. a blood-relation (to the seventh degree) Mn. v, 84.
  253. सन्न (sanna) (sanna)
    mfn. set down VS. S3Br. S3rS.
    sitting at i.e. occupied with (comp.) Hariv.
    sunk down in (loc.) BhP.
    depressed, low (in spirits), languid, exhausted, decayed, perished, lost, dead AV. &c. &c.
    shrunk, contracted (see comp.)
    resting, motionless (see ib.)
    weak, low (see ib.)
    (= %{prasanna}), appeased, satisfied (see %{sannI-kRta})
    m. Buchanania Latifolia
    (prob.) n. destruction, loss (see %{sanna-da}).
  254. सपत्नी (sapatnī) (sapatnī)
    see s.v.1 f. (once in R. %{-tni}) a woman who has the same husband with another woman (Pa1n2. 4-1, 35) or whose husband has other wives, a fellow-wife or mistress, female rival RV. &c. &c.
  255. सपिण्ड (sapiṇḍa) (sapiṇḍa)
    &c. see s.v. m. `" having the same Pin2d2a "', a kinsman connected by the offering of the Pin2d2a (q.v.) to certain deceased ancestors at the S3ra1ddha (q.v.
    the kinship is through six generations in an ascending and descending line, or through a man's father, father's father, father's grandfather
    mother, mother's father, mother's grandfather
    son, son's son, son's grandson
    daughter, daughter's son &c.
    and also includes father's mother, father's grandmother &c., also father's brothers and sisters, mother's brothers and sisters, and several others) Gr2S3rS. Gaut. Mn. v, 60 MBh. &c. (RTL.285
    286 IW. 248
    266).
  256. सपिण्डता (sapiṇḍatā) (sapiṇḍatā)
    f. the condition of being a Sapin2d2a, Sapin2d2aship Mn. v, 60.
  257. सपिण्डन (sapiṇḍana) (sapiṇḍana)
    n. investing with the relationship of a Sapin2d2a Cat.
  258. सपिण्डीकरण (sapiṇḍīkaraṇa) (sapiṇḍīkaraṇa)
    n. = %{sapiNDana} S3a1n3khGr2. Ya1jn5. &c.
    N. of wk. (also %{-na-khaNDana} n. %{-NA7nta-karman} n. and %{-nA7nvaSTakA} f.)
  259. सप्तति (saptati) (saptati)
    f. 70 (with the counted noun in apposition or in gen. pl. or ibc. or ifc.)S3rS. &c.
    70 years Mn. Sus3r.
    N. of wk. (= %{sAMkhyakArikA})
    du. 2 seventies W.
    pl. many sevseventies ib.
  260. सप्तपद (saptapada) (saptapada)
    (%{-ta4-}) mf(%{A})n. making the 7 steps (described above) AV. Pa1rGr2.
    consisting of 7 Pa1das TS. Br. &c.
    (%{I}) f. the 7 steps (round the sacred fire at the marriage ceremony) Kr2ishis. RTL. 364, 380, 3
    %{-dA7rtha-candrikA} f. %{-dA7rthanirUpaNa} n. %{-dA7rthI} f. %{-dA7rthI-TIkA} f. %{-dathI-vyAkhya} f. N. of wks.
    %{-dI-karaNa} n. (Mn. ix, 71, 72 Sch.) or
  261. सप्तन् (saptan) (saptan)
    sg. and pl. (nom. acc. %{sapta4}
    instr. %{-ta4bhis}
    dat. abl. %{-ta4bhyas}
    gen. %{-tAnA4m} loc. %{-ta4su}) seven (a favourite number with the Hindu1s, and regarded as sacred, often used to express an indefinite plurality [in the same manner as `" three "', by which it is sometimes multiplied] [1149,2]
    hence 7 Ma1tr2is, 7 streams, 7 oceans, 7 cities [RV. i, 63, 7], 7 divisions of the world, 7 ranges of mountains, 7 R2ishis, 7 Vipras [RV. i, 62, 4], 7 A1dityas, 7 Da1navas, 7 horses of the. Sun, 7 flames of fire, 7 Yonis of fire, 7 steps round the fire at marriage, 7 Samidhs, 7 tones, 7 sacrificial rites, 7 Marya1da1s, thrice 7 Pada1ni or mystical steps to heaven [RV. i, 72, 6], thrice 7 cows &c.) RV. &c. &c. [Cf. Zend {hapta}
    Gk. $
    Lat. {septem}
    Lith. {septyni1}
    Slav. &347610[1149,2] {sedmi8}
    Goth. {sibun}
    Germ. {sieben}
    Eng. {seven}.]
  262. सप्तम (saptama) (saptama)
    mf(%{I4})n. the 7th VS. TS. S3Br. &c.
    (%{I}) f. see below. [Cf. Zd. {haptatha}
    Gk. $
    Lat. &348027[1150,3] %{septimus}
    Lith. {se4kma-s}
    Slav. {sedmu8} &c.]
  263. सप्ताह (saptāha) (saptāha)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) 7 days
    a sacrificial performance lasting 7 days Br. Ka1tyS3r. Mn. &c.
  264. सफल (saphala) (saphala)
    mf(%{A})n. together with fruits, having or bearing fruit or seed, fruitful (as a tree) Pa1rGr2. MBh. Katha1s.
    `" having seed "' i.e. possessing testicles, not emasculated R.
    having good results, productive, profitable, successful (with %{kR}, `" to fulfil "', `" keep a promise "') MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    together with the result VarBr2S.
    %{-tva} n. profitableness, successfulness S3is3. Katha1s. Sa1h.
    %{-prA7rthana} mfn. one whose desire is fulfilled Vikr.
    %{-lo7daya} m. `" one whose appearance brings good results "'N. of S3iva MBh.
    %{-lo7darka} mfn. bearing fruit in the future, promising success Ma1lati1m.
  265. सबीज (sabīja) (sabīja)
    mf(%{A})n. with seed or germ (lit. and fig.), containing seed or germ (%{-tva} n.) MBh. Kap. VP.
  266. सभा (sabhā) (sabhā)
    f. (of unknown derivation, but probably to be connected with 7. %{sa}
    ifc. also %{sabha} n.
    cf. Pa1n2. 2-4. 23 &c., and %{eka-sabha4}) an assembly, congregation, meeting, council, public audience RV. &c. &c.
    social party, society, good society (see comp.)
    Society (personified as a daughter of Praja1pati) AV.
    a place for public meetings, large assembly-room or hall, palace, court of a king or of justice, council-chamber, gambling-house &c. ib.
    a house for lodging and accommodating travellers Mn. MBh. &c.
    an eating-house (see %{mahA-s-}). [Cf.Goth. {sibja}
    Germ. {sippa}, {Sippe}
    Angl. Sax. {sibb}
    Eng. {god-sib}, {gossip}.]
  267. सभिक (sabhika) (sabhika)
    m. the keeper of a gambling-house Ya1jn5. Mr2icch.
  268. सभ्य (sabhya) (sabhya)
    mfn. being in an assembly-hall or meeting-room, belonging to or fit for an assembly or court, suitable to good society, courteous, polite, refined, civilized, not vulgar, decorous (as speech) AV. &c. &c.
    being at the court of (gen.) Va1s., Introd.
    m. an assistant at an assembly or council, (esp.) an assessor, judge Mn. MBh. &c.
    the keeper of a gambling. house W.
    a person of honourable parentage ib.
    N. of one of the five sacred fires (see %{paJcA7gni}) Ka1tyS3r. Mn. iii, 100, 185 Kull.
  269. सभ्यता (sabhyatā) (sabhyatā)
    f.
  270. सम (sama) (sama)
    1 mfn. (connected with 7. %{sa} and with 2. %{sama4} and %{samAna}
    cf. %{samaha}, used as pron.: declined like %{sarva} e.g. %{samasmai} RV. vi, 51, 6) any, every RV. [Cf. Gk. $, $
    Goth. {suma}
    Angl. Sax. &348405[1152,1] {sum}
    Eng. {some}.]
  271. समक (samaka) (samaka)
    mfn. equal, alike Ka1v. DivyA7v.
  272. समक्ष (samakṣa) (samakṣa)
    mfn. being within sight or before the eyes, present, visible S3ak. BhP.
    (%{a4m}, %{At}, %{e}, and %{a-tas}) ind. before the eyes, visibly, manifestly, in the sight or presence of (dat. gen., or comp.) RV. &c. &c. [1153,3]
  273. समग्र (samagra) (samagra)
    mf(%{A4})n. (see 2. %{sam}) all, entire, whole, complete, each, every (ibc. = `" fully "', `" entirely "'
    n. `" all, everything "') AV.&c. &c.
    fully provided with (instr. or comp.) Ma1lav. Ka1vya7d.
    one who has everything or wants nothing MBh. R.
  274. समचित्त (samacitta) (samacitta)
    mfn. even-minded, possessing equanimity, equable Ka1v. BhP.
    indifferent W.
    having the thoughts directed to the same subject MW.
    %{-tA} f. (L.) or %{-tva} n. (Bhag.) equanimity towards (loc.)
  275. समञ्जस (samañjasa) (samañjasa)
    mfn. proper, right, fit, correct, sound, good, excellent (%{am} ind.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    m. N. of S3iva S3ivag.
    (%{A}). f. (with %{vRtti}) N. of a Comm. on the Brahma-su1tra
    n. propriety, fitness, truth, consistency, correct evidence MW.
    %{-sA7rthadIpikA} f. N. of a Comm. on the Rasa-man5jari1. [1154,1]
  276. समता (samatā) (samatā)
    (%{sama4-}) f. sameness of level VarBr2S.
    equality, sameness, identity with (instr. gen., or comp.) S3Br. MBh. Hariv. &c.
    fairness, impartiality towards (loc. or comp.) Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    equableness, normal condition (%{-tAM-nI}, `" to decide or settle equitably "') Mn. MBh. Sus3r. &c.
    equanimity. MW.
    mediocrity Hit.
    benevolence Pan5car.
    %{-jJAna} n. (with Buddhists) one of the 5 kinds of knowledge Dharmas. 94.
  277. समत्व (samatva) (samatva)
    n. equality with (instr. or gen.) Ka1tyS3r. VS. Pra1t. VarBr2. &c.
    equanimity HYog.
    uniform conduct towards (loc. or comp.) Bhag. BhP.
    equableness, normal condition Sus3r.
  278. समनन्तर (samanantara) (samanantara)
    mf(%{A})n. immediately contiguous to or following (abl. or gen.
    %{yaccA7tra@sam-anantaram}, and what is immediately connected with it "') R. BhP. Sarvad.
    (%{am}) ind. immediately behind or after (gen. or abl. or comp.) MBh. R. &c.
  279. समन्त (samanta) (samanta)
    mf(%{A})n. `" having the ends together "', contiguous, neighbouring, adjacentPan5cavBr.
    `" being on every side "', universal, whole, entire, all (%{sa4mantam} ind., in contiguity or conjunction with "', `" together with "'
    %{samanta4m}, or %{-tAt} or %{-ta-tas} ind. on all sides, around "', or, wholly, completely "'
    %{-tena} ind. `" all round "'
    with %{na} = `" nowhere "') AV. &c. &c.
    (%{A}) f. (pl.) neighbour. hood S3Br.
    N. of a grammar Col.
    n. (also with %{agneH}, %{varuNasya}, or %{vasiSThasya}) N. of various Samans Br.
    n. or m. (?) N. of a country Buddh.
  280. समन्वित (samanvita) (samanvita)
    mfn. connected or associated with, completely possessed of, fully endowed with, possessing, full of (instr. or comp.) S3vetUp. Mn. MBh. &c.
    corresponding or answering to (comp.) R.
  281. समभाव (samabhāva) (samabhāva)
    m. equability, homogeneousness Bha1m. HParis3.
    mfn. of like nature or property W.
  282. समय (samaya) (samaya)
    1 P. %{-yati} (for 2. see %{sam-i}), to level, regulate
  283. समा (samā) (samā)
    f. (of 2. %{sama} above) a year RV. &c. &c. (also %{sama} n. in %{pApa-sa4ma}, %{puNya-s-}, %{su-Sa4ma})
    a half-year AV.
    season, weather AitBr. Kaus3. Nir.
    a day MW.
  284. समर (samara) (samara)
    &c. see %{sam-R}, p. 1170.
  285. समर्थ (samartha) (samartha)
    mf(%{A})n. having a similar or suitable aim or object, having proper aim or force, very forcible or adequate, well answering or corresponding to, suitable or fit for (gen. or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    very strong or powerful, competent, capable of. able to, a match for (gen. dat. loc. inf., or comp.
    rarely acc. abl., or pr. p.
    with %{varA7GganAsu} = `" sexually potent "') Mn. MBh. &c.
    having the same sense or meaning (= %{tulyA7rtha}, %{ekA7rtha}) Pa1n2. 1-3, 42 &c.
    connected in sense, having the same grammatical construction (= %{sambaddhA7rtha}) Pa1n2. APra1t. &c.
    m. a word which has force or meaning, significant word MW. [1157,1]
    the construction or coherence of words in a significant sentence ib.
    n. ability, competence (see %{-yukta})
    conception, intelligibility (see %{duh-s-})
    %{-tara} mfn. more (or most) competent, capable &c. Pan5cat.
    %{-tA} f. (Saivad.), %{-tva} n. (Ra1jat.) ability, capability, competence (%{-tayA}, with gen., `" by virtue of "')
    sameness of meaning, force or signification (of words) MW.
    %{-pada-vidhi} m. N. of a gram. wk.
    %{-yukta} mfn. adequate to or qualified for (loc.) R.
  286. समर्पण (samarpaṇa) (samarpaṇa)
    n. the act of placing or throwing upon S3Br.
    delivering or handing completely over, consigning, presenting, imparting, bestowing (cf. %{Atma-s-}) R. Katha1s. BhP.
    making known, communicating S3am2k. Sarvad.
    (in dram.) angry invective between personages in a play (one of the 7 scenes which constitute a Bha1n2ika1 q.v.) Sa1h.
  287. समवत्त (samavatta) (samavatta)
    mfn. cut up into bits, divided into fragments S3Br. %{-dhAna} mfn. containing the gathered fragments, AS3vGr2.
    (%{I}) f. a vessel containing the gathered fragments S3Br. S3rS.
  288. समवाय (samavāya) (samavāya)
    m. coming or meeting together, contact, concourse, congress, assemblage, collection, crowd, aggregate (%{ena} or %{At}, `" in combination "'
    %{-yaM-kR}, `" to meet, combine, flock together "') Gr2S. Gaut. Mn. &c.
    conjunction (of heavenly bodies) MBh. VarBr2S.
    collision S3rS. Gaut. Sarvad.
    (in phil.) perpetual co-inherence, inner or intimate relation, constant and intimate union, inseparable concomitance (= %{nitya-sambandha}, the sixth Pada7rtha or category of the Vais3eshikas, expressing relation which exists between a substance and its qualities, between a whole and its parts [e.g. between cloth and the yarn composing it], between a genus and its individuals &c.) Kap. Jaim. IW. 66
    69 [1158,1]
    course, duration (%{e}, with gen., `" during "') MBh. i, 556
    %{-khaNDana} n. N. of wk.
    %{-tas} ind. in consequence of constant and intimate connection or relation MW.
    %{-tva} n. the state of (being) intimate relation, Kusum.
    %{-pramANa-vAdA7rtha} m. %{vAda} m. N. of wks.
    %{-sambandha} m. intimate and constant connection, inseparable relation (as described above), connection by inseparable inherence W.
  289. समवेत (samaveta) (samaveta)
    mfn. come together, met, assembled, united, all Mn. MBh. &c.
    closely connected with, contained or comprised or inherent in (comp.) Sa1h. Sarvad.
    approached, come to (acc.) Ma1rkP.
    %{-tva} n. the state of being intimately related or connected MW.
    %{-tA7rtha} mfn. containing a meaning, significant, instructive BhP.
  290. समष्टि (samaṣṭi) (samaṣṭi)
    f. reaching, attaining, attainment TS. Br.
    receipt, reception TS. Sch.
    conclusion, end TBr. Sch.
    (in Veda7nta) collective existence, collectiveness, an aggregate, totality (as opp. to %{vyaSTi} q.v.) S3am2k. Veda7ntas. VP.
    %{-tA} f. the state of (being) an aggregate &c. Veda7ntas.
    (%{-ty)-abhiprA7ya} m. the regarding a group of objects collectively MW.
  291. समस्त (samasta) (samasta)
    mfn. thrown or put together, combined, united, whole, all S3Br. &c. &c.
    (in gram.) compounded, compound
    (in phil.) inherent in or pervading the whole of anything
    abridged, contracted W.
    m. a whole, the aggregate of all the parts ib.
    %{-kAla-nirNayA7dhikAra} m. %{-devatApUjA-vidhi} m. N. of wks.
    %{-dhAtR} m. the bearer or supporter of all (applied to Vishn2n) VP.
    %{-bala} R. a whole army, entire force MW.
    %{-mantra-devatA-prakAzikA} f. N. of wk.
    %{-loka} m. the whole world MW.
    %{vastu-viSaya} mfn. relating to the whole matter Kpr.
    %{-viskayika} mfn. inhabiting the whole country Inscr. [1158,2]
    %{-vyasta-rUpaka} n. a kind of Ru1paka (q.v.) Ka1vya7d.
    %{-sA7kSi} m. witness of all, KaivUp.
    %{-tA7gni-prayoga} m. N. of wk.
  292. समस्य (samasya) (samasya)
    mfn. to be thrown or put together or compounded or combined W.
    to be made entire or complete ib.
    %{-syA7rthA} f. the part of a stanza to be completed (cf. next)
    (%{A}) f. see next.
  293. समागत (samāgata) (samāgata)
    mfn. come together, met, encountered, joined, assembled Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
    being in conjunction with (instr.) VarBr2S.
    come to, approached, arrived, returned R. Mr2icch. &c.
    (%{A}) f. a kind of riddle or enigma (the meaning of which is hidden by the Sam2dhi q.v.) Ka1vya7d.
  294. समागम (samāgama) (samāgama)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) coming together (either in a hostile or friendly manner), union (also sexual), junction, encounter or meeting with (instr. with or without %{saha} gen., [rarely] loc., or comp.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    association, assembly of (comp.) MBh. R. Katha1s.
    conjunction (of planets) VarBr2S.
    approach, arrival W.
    %{-kArin} mfn. causing union MW.
    %{-kSaNa} m. the moment of union Ra1jat.
    %{-prA7rthanA} f. the desire of association MW.
    %{-manoratha} m. the desire of union Vikr.
    %{-mo7pA7ya} m. means of union MW.
  295. समाचार (samācāra) (samācāra)
    m. (for %{samAcAra} see %{sam-A-car}) equal manners or customs MBh.
    eqequal or virtuous conduct ib.
    mfn. eqequal or similar in practice or in virtuous condconduct ib.
  296. समाज (samāja) (samāja)
    m. meeting with, falling in with (gen. or comp.) VarBr2S. BhP.
    a meeting, assembly, congregation, congress, conclave, society, company (cf. %{dyUta-s-}), association, collection (accord. tonot applied to animals) A1past. Mn. MBh. &c.
    a convivial meeting, party, club W.
    a quantity, plenty, abundance (in %{sukha-s-}) Gi1t. xi, 21
    a partic. conjunction of planets VarBr2S.
    an elephant (prob. w.r. for %{sAmaja})
    %{-saMnivezana} n. a building or place suitable for an assembly, assembly-room, meeting-house MW. &c. see %{sam-aj}, p. 1153.
  297. समाधि (samādhi) (samādhi)
    m. putting together, joining or combining with (instr.) La1t2y.
    a joint or a partic. position of the neck Kir.
    union, a whole, aggregate, set R. Hariv. Ragh.
    completion, accomplishment, conclusion Kum.
    setting to rights, adjustment, settlement MBh.
    justification of a statement, proof Sarvad.
    bringing into harmony, agreement, assent W. RPra1t.
    intense application or fixing the mind on, intentness, attention (%{-dhiM-kR}, `" to attend "') MBh. R. &c.
    concentration of the thoughts, profound or abstract meditation, intense contemplation of any particular object (so as to identify the contemplator with the object meditated upon
    this is the eighth and last stage of Yoga [lW. 93]
    with Buddhists Sama1dhi is the fourth and last stage of Dhya1na or intense abstract meditation [MWB. 209]
    in the Ka1ran2d2a-vyu1ha several SSama1dhi are enumerated) Up. Buddh. MBh. &c.
    intense absorption or a kind of trance MBh. Ka1v.&c.
    a sanctuary or tomb of a saint W. RTL. 261
    (in rhet.) N. of various figures of speech (defined as %{ArohA7varohakrama}, %{artha-dRSTi}, %{anya-dharmANAm@anyatrA7dhirohaNa} &c), Ka1vya7d Va1m. Kpr. &c.
    N. of the 17th Kalpa (q.v.), of the 17th Arhat of the future Utsarpin2i1
    of a Vais3ya Cat. (accord. toalso `" silence
    a religious vow of intense devotion or self-imposed abstraction
    support, upholding
    continuance
    perseverance in difficulties
    attempting impossibilities
    collecting or laying up grain in times of dearth "')
    %{-garbha} m. N. of a Bodhi-sattva Buddh.
    %{-tva} n. the state of profound meditation or devotion Sarvad.
    %{-niSTha} mfn. devoted to mmeditation Pan5cat.
    %{-parihANi} f. diminution of mmeditation Dharmas. 59
    %{-prakaraNa} n. N. of wk.
    %{-bala} n. the force of mmeditation Dharmas. 75
    %{-bhaGga} m. the disturbing or interruption of mmeditation Pan5cat.
    %{-bhRt} mfn. absorbed in mmeditation S3is3.
    %{-bheda} m. (= %{-bhaGga}) Kum.
    %{-bhedin} mfn. one who interrupts mmeditation Ragh.
    %{-mat} mfn. absorbed in mmeditation Kum.
    attentive R.
    making a promise or assent or permission W.
    %{-matikA} f. N. of a woman Ma1lav. (v.l. for %{samAhitikA} in B.)
    %{-yoga} m. employment of meditation, the efficacy of contemplation MW. [1160,1]
    %{-yoga-rddhi-tapo-vidyAvirakti-mat} mfn. possessing or accompanied with mmeditation and self-abstraction and supernatural power and mortification and knowledge and indifference BhP.
    %{-rAja} m. N. of wk.
    %{-vigraha} m. embodiment of mmeditation
    %{-vidhi} m. N. of wk.
    %{-samAnatA} f. N. of a Sama1dhi Buddh.
    %{-stha} mfn. absorbed in mmeditation Pan5cat.
    %{-sthala} n. N. of a place in Brahma1's world Katha1s.
  298. समाधान (samādhāna) (samādhāna)
    n. putting together, laying, adding (esp. fuel to fire) Gobh.
    composing, adjusting, settling, and
    reconciliation MBh.
    intentness, attention (acc. with %{kR}, `" to attend "'), eagerness S3am2k. Pan5car.
    fixing the mind in abstract contemplation (as on the true nature of spirit), religious meditation, profound absorption or contemplation MBh. Ka1v. Veda7ntas.
    justification of a statement, proof(cf. %{-rUpaka}) Sarvad.
    (in logic) replying to the Pu1rva-paksha MW.
    (in dram.) fixing the germ or leading incident (which gives rise to the whole plot e.g. S3ak. i, 27)
    %{-mAtra} n. mere contemplation or meditation MW.
    %{rUpaka} n. a kind of metaphor (used for the justification of a bold assertion) Ka1vya7d.
  299. समान (samāna) (samāna)
    m. (for %{samAna} and %{sa-mAna} see p. 1160) one of the five vital airs (that which circulates about the navel and is essential to digestion
    it is personified as a son of Sa1dhya) AV. &c. &c.
  300. समान (samāna) (samāna)
    m. (for %{samAna} and %{sa-mAna} see p. 1160) one of the five vital airs (that which circulates about the navel and is essential to digestion
    it is personified as a son of Sa1dhya) AV. &c. &c.
  301. समापन्न (samāpanna) (samāpanna)
    mfn. fallen into (acc.) MBh.
    meeting with (?) DivyA7v.
    having ib.
    one who has undertaken (instr.) Ka1ran2d2.
    arrived, come, happened, occurred Hit. (v.l. %{sam-Asanna})
    furnished or endowed with (comp.) MBh. R. &c.
    perfect, proficient (in any science) W.
    accomplished, concluded, done
    distressed, afflicted ib.
    killed ib.
    n. death
  302. समाप्त (samāpta) (samāpta)
    mfn. completely obtained or attained or reached, concluded, completed, finished, ended Ka1tyS3r. Mn. MBh. &c.
    perfect, clever MBh. xiv, 2561
    %{-cinta} (?) m. N. of a man Buddh.
    %{-punar-Atta} or %{-ttaka} mfn. concluded and again resumed
    n. a partic. kind of pleonasm (also %{-tta-tva} n.) Kpr. Sa1h. Prata1p.
    %{-prayoga} m. N. of wk.
    %{-prA7ya} mfn. nearly finished MW.
    %{bhUyiSTha} mfn. nearly completed or ended ib.
    %{-lambha} m. a partic. high number Buddh.
    %{-zikSa} mfn. one who has completed his studies MW.
  303. समाप्ति (samāpti) (samāpti)
    f. complete acquisition (as of knowledge or learning) A1past.,
    accomplishment, completion, prefection, conclusion, solution (of the body) Mn. ii, 244
    reconciling differences, putting an end to disputes
    %{-vAda} m. N. of a Nya1ya wk.
    %{-sAdhana} n. means of accomplishment or completion MW.
    %{-ty-arthA} v.l. for %{samacyA7rthA} (q.v.)
  304. समाम्नात (samāmnāta) (samāmnāta)
    mfn. repeated or mentioned together, handed down by tradition or from memory MBh. BhP.
    (ifc.) mentioned as g. %{kRtA7di}
    n. mentioning together, enumeration A1past.
  305. समाम्नाय (samāmnāya) (samāmnāya)
    m. mention together, traditional collection, enumeration, list Nir. Pra1t. &c.
    handing down by tradition or from memory MBh.
    collection or compilation of sacred texts (esp. any special redaction of a Vedic text) A1s3vS3r.
    the sacred texts in general BhP.
    the destruction of the world (= %{samhAra}) ib.
    totality, aggregate W.
    N. of S3iva MBh.
    %{-maya} mf(%{I})n. consisting of (or containing) the sacred texts BhP.
  306. समारोप (samāropa) (samāropa)
    m. (fr. Caus.) placing in or upon (loc.) Ka1tyS3r. Sch.
    stringing (a bow) Ba1lar.
    transference to (loc.), attribution Das3ar. Sa1h. Prata1p. a1ropaka mf(%{ikA})n. making to grow or thrive DivyA7v.
  307. समारोपण (samāropaṇa) (samāropaṇa)
    n. transference, transposition, change of position (esp. of the sacred fire) A1s3vS3r. Sch.
    stringing (a bow) Ba1lar.
  308. समावेश (samāveśa) (samāveśa)
    m. entering together or at once, entering Cat.
    meeting, penetration, absorption into (comp.) RPra1t. Hariv.
    simultaneous occurrence, co-existence MBh. Das3ar.
    (in gram.) applying together, common applicability of a term Va1rtt. on Pa1n2. Ka1s3.
    agreeing with, agreement Un2. i, 108 Sch.
  309. समावेशन (samāveśana) (samāveśana)
    n. entering, taking possession Sam2ska1rak.
    consummation of marriage, A1PGr2.
  310. समाश्रित (samāśrita) (samāśrita)
    mfn. come together, assembled Nir.
    going or resorting to, living or dwelling in, fixed or staying or standing in or on, flowing into (acc. loc., or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (also %{-vat}, one who has attained "', with acc.) Hariv. Pan5cat.
    following or practising, leaning on, taking refuge with (acc.) S3a1n3khGr2. R.
    resting or dependent on (loc.) Kat2hUp.
    relating to, concerning (comp.) R. MBh. Ra1jat.
    stating, asserting Sarvad.
    (with pass. sense) leaned on (for support), resorted to Ra1jat.
    had recourse to, chosen Ka1r. on Pa1n2. 7-1, 1
    endowed or provided or furnished with (instr.) Katha1s.
    visited or afflicted by (comp.) MBh.
    m. a dependant, servant (cf. %{-AzrayaNIya}), Raljat.
    %{-tva} n. resort to, seeking refuge with (comp.) Pan5cat.
  311. समास (samāsa) (samāsa)
    1 m. (for 2. see %{sam-As}) throwing or putting together, aggregation, conjunction, combination, connection, union, totality (%{ena}, `" fully, wholly, summarily "') Br. S3rS. Mn. &c.
    succinctness, conciseness, condensation (ibc. and %{-tas}, concisely, succinctly, briefly "') KaushUp. Mn. MBh. &c.
    (in gram.) composition of words, a compound word (of which there are accord. to native grammarians, 6 kinds, viz. Dvam2dva, Bahu-vri1hi, Karma-dha1raya, Tat-purusha, Dvigu, and Avyaya or Avyayi1-bha1va [qq. vv.]
    an improper compound is called %{asthAna-samAsa} Pra1t. Pa1n2. &c.
    euphonic combination (= %{saMdhi}) VPra1t.
    (in astron.) a partic. circle Su1ryas.
    composition of differences, reconciliation (%{-samarthana})
    the part of a S3loka given for completion (= %{samasyA}) L.2 (for 1. see under %{sam-as}) m. abiding together, connection MW.
  312. समाहार (samāhāra) (samāhāra)
    m. seizing, taking hold of. Gr2ihya1s.
    aggregation, summing up, sum, totality, collection, assemblage, multitude MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (in gram.) conjunction or connecting of words or sentences (as by the particle %{ca}) Sam2k. Pra1t. Sch. Pa1n2. Sch.
    compounding of words, a compound (esp. applied to a Dvamdva whose last member is in the neuter gender [e.g. %{ahi-nakulam}, `" a snake and an ichneumon "'], or to a Dvigu, when it expresses an aggregate
    see %{trilokI}). Pa1n2.
    = %{pratyAhAra} Vop (cf. IW. 169 n. 1)
    withdrawal (of the senses from the world) Ka1m.
    contraction, abridgment
    -varma m. N. of the diphthongs %{ai} and %{au} Pat,
  313. समाहित (samāhita) (samāhita)
    mfn. put or held together joined assembled, combined, united (pl. `" all taken together "') S3Br. MBh. &c.
    joined or furnished or provided with (instr. or comp.) ib.
    put to, added (as fuel to fire) AV.
    put or placed in or upon, directed, applied, fixed, imposed, deposited, entrusted, delivered over ib. &c. &c.
    composed, collected, concentrated (as the thoughts upon, with loc.)
    one who has collected his thoughts or is fixed in abstract meditation, quite devoted to or intent upon (with loc.), devout, steadfast, firm Up. MBh. &c.
    put in order, set right, adjusted R.
    suppressed, repressed, lowered (as speech)
    made, rendered Hariv.
    completed, finished, ended MBh.
    concluded, inferred, demonstrated, established
    granted, admitted, recognised, approved A1past. Hariv.
    corresponding or equal to, like, resembling (comp.) R. Hariv.
    harmonious, sounding faultlessly
    m. a pure or holy man MW.
    n. great attention or intentness MW.
    (in rhet.) a partic. kind of comparison Va1m. iv, 3, 29
    %{-dhI} mfn. one who has concentrated his thoughts in devotion, Bhp.
    %{-mati} mfn. one who has an attentive mind Ya1jn5. Sch.
    %{-manas} mfn. having the mind absorbed in (anything) MW.
    %{-mano-buddhi} mfn. having the mind or thoughts collected or composed R.
    %{-tA7tman} (%{saMA4h-}) mfn. one whose spirit is united with (instr.) S3Br. see p. 1160, col. 1.
  314. समिति (samiti) (samiti)
    1 f. (for 2. see below) coming together, meeting, assembling, an assembly, councilMBh. BhP.
    a flock, herd Kir.
    association, society (personified as daughter of Praja1-pati) BhP.
    a league, plot
    encounter, hostile meeting, war, battle Br. MBh. R.
    sameness, likeness (cf. 2. %{sama4})
    (with Jainas) rule of life or conduct (five are enumerated, viz. %{IryA-}, %{bhASA-}, %{eSaNA-}, %{AdAna-}, and %{utsarga-s-}) Sarvad.
  315. समिध् (samidh) (samidh)
    mfn. igniting, flaming, burning RV.
    f. firewood, fuel, a log of wood, faggot, grass &c. employed as fuel (7 Samidhs, or sometimes 3 X 7 are mentioned, as well as 7 Yonis, 7 flames &c.) RV. &c. &c.
    kindling, flaming RV. VS. S3Br.
    %{-samid-AdhAna} S3rS.
  316. समित (samita) (samita)
    mfn. (for %{sa-mita} see below) come together, assembled, joined or united or combined with instr. or comp.) RV. MBh.
    promised, agreed, assented to MW.
    finished, completed ib.
  317. समीचीन (samīcīna) (samīcīna)
    mf(%{A4})n. tending in a common direction, going with or in company with, being or remaining together, connected, united, complete, all, whole RV. TS.
    fit, proper, correct, true, just, right KaushUp. Pan5cat. BhP. n. N. of a Sa1man A1rshBr.
    = next W.
  318. समीप (samīpa) (samīpa)
    mfn. (prob. fr. %{sam} + %{a4p} and formed analogously to %{pratIpa}, %{dvIpa}, %{anUpa}
    accord. to some fr. %{sam} + %{Ap} and =, `" easy to attain "') near (in place or time), contiguous, proximate, adjacent, close by, at hand, approching, imminent Ka1v. VarBr2S. &c.
    (%{am}) n. nearness, proximity, vicinity, presence, imminence (with gen. or ifc., %{am}, `" to, towards "'
    %{At}, from "'
    e, `" in the vicinity, near, close at hand, beside, in the presence of. at the time of. before, at, towards "'
    cf. %{saMdhivelA-s-}) Ka1tyS3r. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  319. समीपस्थ (samīpastha) (samīpastha)
    mfn. %{-vartin} MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    approaching, imminent (as death) Subh.
  320. समुचित (samucita) (samucita)
    mfn. delighted in, liked, well suited, fit, right, proper R. Megh. Inscr.
    accustomed or used to (gen.) Megh.
  321. समुच्चय (samuccaya) (samuccaya)
    m. aggregation, accumulation, collection, assemblage, multitude Ka1v.
    totality, aggreseutences (as by the particle %{ca}, and "'), conjunctive sense (opp. to the disjunctive %{vA}, `" or "') Nir. Gr2S. Sus3r. &c.
    (in rhet.) a figure of speech (the joining together of two or more independent things associated in idea with some common action) Sa1h. Kpr.
    %{-yA7laMkAra} m. the above rhetorical figure
    %{-yo7pamA} f. a simile containing the above Ka1vya7d. ii, 21.
  322. समुत्थित (samutthita) (samutthita)
    mfn. risen up together, risen, raised (as dust), towering above (as a peak), surging (as waves), gathered (as clouds) MBh. . Ka1v. &c. appeared, grown, sprung or obtained or derived from (abl. or comp.
    %{dhanaM@daNa-samutthitam}, `" money derived from fines "') S3vetUp. Mn. MBh. &c.
    ready, prepared for (loc.) MBh. R. BhP.
    one who withstands all (opponents) R.
    cured, healed W.
    swollen up MW.
  323. समुत्पन्न (samutpanna) (samutpanna)
    mfn. sprung up together, arisen, produced, begotten by (abl.) or on (loc.), occurred, happened, taking place Mn. MBh. &c.
  324. समुत्पाद (samutpāda) (samutpāda)
    m. rise, origin, production Sarvad.
  325. समुत्सर्ग (samutsarga) (samutsarga)
    m. pouring out or shedding forth together (of urine) Mn. iv, 5o
    emission (of semen
    %{-gaM-kR} with loc., `" to have sexual intercourse with "') Kull.
  326. समुत्सेध (samutsedha) (samutsedha)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) elevation, height MBh. R.
    swelling up, intumescence, fatness, thickness MW.
  327. समुदाचार (samudācāra) (samudācāra)
    m. preset station, offering, entertainment (of a guest &c.) MBh. Hariv.
    proper or right practice or usage or conduct or behaviour MBh. R. &c.
    intercourse with (instr.) MBh.
    address Hariv. Ka1v. &c.
    salutation DivyA7v.
    intention, purpose, design, motive
    mfn. = next BhP.
    %{-vat} mfn. one who conducts himself well MBh.
  328. समुदाय (samudāya) (samudāya)
    m. combination, collection, multitude, mass, totality, a whole Pra1t. Ka1v. Pan5cat.
    (with Buddhists) = %{sam-udaya} Sarvad.
    a partic. Nakshatra VarYogay.
    war, battle
    the rear or reserve of an army
    %{-prakaraNa} n. N. of wk.
  329. समुदित (samudita) (samudita)
    1 mfn. (for 2. see under %{sam-ud-} %{i}) spoken to or with, addressed, accosted BhP.
    agreed upon (see %{yathA-samuditam})
    consented, settled, customary Katha1s.2 mfn. (for 1. see %{saM-vad}, p. 1114, col. 2) gone up, risen, elevated, lofty R. Kir.
    collected, gathered together, united, assembled R. Das3. Siddh.
    possessed of, furnished with (instr. or comp.) MBh. R.
    furnished with everything, well supplied, wanting nothing ib.
  330. समुद्धार (samuddhāra) (samuddhāra)
    m. drawing out, extraction from (abl.) Ma1rkP.
    extrication from any danger, rescue, delivery S3atr.
    removal, destruction Ka1v.
    N. of a prince (for %{hari-kRSNa-s-}), Kshi7s3.
  331. समुद्धृत (samuddhṛta) (samuddhṛta)
    mfn. well raised or drawn up or uplifted &c. &c.
    taken out from (as a share), deducted (%{-to7ddhAre}, loc `" if a deduction be made "') Mn. ix, 116. [1168,2]
  332. समुद्भव (samudbhava) (samudbhava)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) existence, production, origin (ifc. either `" arisen or produced from "' or `" being the source of "') Mn. MBh. &c.
    coming to life again, revival MBh.
    N. of Agni at the Vrata7des3a Gr2ihya1s.
  333. समुद्भूत (samudbhūta) (samudbhūta)
    mfn. sprung up, arisen, born, produced, derived MBh. R. Pur.
    existing Prata1p.
    v.l. or w.r. for %{sam-uddhUta} or %{sam-uddhata} MBh.
  334. समुद्र (samudra) (samudra)
    m. (n. only RV. vi, 72, 3
    ifc. f. %{A} cf. %{udra4}, %{an-udra4}
    for %{sa-mudra} see p. 1168, col. 2) `" gathering together of waters "', the sea, ocean (in Veda also, the aerial waters "', `" atmospheric ocean or sky "' [cf. Naigh. i, 3]
    in VP. ii, 4, seven circular concentric [elsewhere 3 or 4] oceans are named, viz. %{lavaNa}, `" salt-water "'
    %{ikSu}, `" syrup
    %{surA}, `" wine "'
    %{ghRta}, `" clarified butter "'
    %{dadhi} "', `" curds "'
    %{dugdha}, `" milk "'
    %{jala}, fresh water "'
    in later language the Ocean is often personified as king of the rivers) RV. &c. &c.
    N. of the number, four (four principal oceans being reckoned by some, one for every quarter of the sky) Gan2it.
    a large Soma vessel RV. vi, 69, `" 6
    ix, 29, 3 &c.
    N. of an immensely high number (1 with 14 cyphers) TS. S3a1n3khSr. MBh.
    a partic. configuration of the stars and planets (when the 7 plplanets are situated in the and, 4th, 6th, 8th, 10th and 12th houses) VarBr2S.
    = %{rukma} VS. Sch.
    N. of S3iva MBh.
    of a Daitya Hariv.
    of various authors (also with %{sUri}) Cat.
    of the son of a merchant born on the sea Buddh.
    of other men HParis3.
    of a wk. quoted by Padmana1bha Cat.
    of a place ib.
    (%{A}) f. N. of two plants (= %{zaTI} and %{zamI})
    m. or n. N. of two Ssmans A1rshBr.
    of various metres TS. Nida1nas. &c.
  335. समुन्नत (samunnata) (samunnata)
    mfn. risen up, lifted up, raised aloft Ka1v.
    arched, vaulted VarBr2S. Ra1jat.
    high, sublime Ka1m.
    proud, arrogant W.
    %{-lAGgula} mfn. having the tail erect Hit. (cf. %{sam-uddhata-l-}).
  336. समुन्नति (samunnati) (samunnati)
    f. rising, swelling Subh.
    exaltation, eminence, high position MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    elevation, increase, growth (with %{manasaH}, `" elevation of mind "'
    %{cittaM@samunatim@aznule}, the spirit experiences elevation "') Ka1lid. Pan5cat.
  337. समुन्नद्ध (samunnaddha) (samunnaddha)
    mfn. tied or bound up (= %{Urdhva-baddha})
    swollen, pressed up or out Sus3r.
    raised up, elevated, exalted Ka1v. Pur.
    full, excessive BhP.
    proud, arrogant ib.
    unfettered, loosened ib.
    produced, born
  338. समुपगत (samupagata) (samupagata)
    mfn. approached W.
    undergone S3ak.
  339. समुपेत (samupeta) (samupeta)
    mfn. come together &c. &c.
    come, arrived MBh.
    furnished or supplied with, abounding in (instr. or comp.) ib.
  340. समूढ (samūḍha) (samūḍha)
    see under %{sam-} 1. %{Uh}.
  341. समूह (samūha) (samūha)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) a collection, assemblage, aggregate, heap, number, multitude AV. &c. &c.
    an association, corporation, community Mn. Ya1jn5. &c.
    sum, totality, essence MBh.
    N. of a divine being(?) MBh. xiii, 4355
    (%{A}) f. (scil. %{vRtti}) a partic. mode of subsistence Baudh.
    (%{-ha) -kArya} n. the business or affairs of a community MW.
    %{-kSAraka} m. civet
    %{-gandha} m. civet L.
  342. समृद्ध (samṛddha) (samṛddha)
    mfn. accomplished, succeeded, fulfilled, perfect, very successful or prosperous or flourishing, fortunate AV. Br. ChUp. MBh. R.
    full-grown (as trees) MBh.
    complete, whole, entire ib.
    fully furnished or abundantly endowed with (instr. abl., or comp.) S3Br. Mn. MBh. &c.
    rich, wealthy ib. Katha1s.
    plenteous, abundant, much Ratna7v.
    m. N. of a serpent-demon MBh.
    %{-tejas} mfn. endowed with splendour or strength R.
    %{-yazas} mfn. rich in fame, renowned, celebrated MW.
    %{-vega} mfn. increasing in speed, excessively swift Bhag.
    %{-ddhA7rtha} mfn. having increased substance or wealth, increasing in resources R. [1171,2]
  343. समृद्धि (samṛddhi) (samṛddhi)
    f. great prosperity or success, growth, increase, thriving, welfare, fortune, perfection, excellence (ifc. = `" increased by "') AV. S3Br. Up. MBh. &c.
    abundance, plenty of (comp.) Ka1v.
    wealth, riches (also pl.) Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
    N. of a partic. Vedic hymn (causing prosperity) VarBr2S.
    %{-karaNa} n. means of procuring prosperty Pa1rGr2.
    %{-kAma} (%{sa4m-}) mfn. desirous of prprosperty S3Br.
    %{-mat} mfn. perfectly succeeding or successful or fortunate MBh. Naish. Ma1rkP.
    richly furnished with (comp.) Ka1vya7d.
    %{-vat} mfn. (prob. w.r.) id. S3am2k.
    %{-vRddhi-lAbha} m. acquisition of increase of prosperity MBh.
    %{-samaya} m. a season of great prosperity MW.
  344. समेत (sameta) (sameta)
    mfn. come together, assembled, joined, united Mn. MBh. &c.
    connected or united or furnished with, possessed of (instr. or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    encountered, come into collision with (instr.) MBh.
    come near or to, got into any state or condition (acc.) Pan5cat.
    %{-mAya} mfn. affected by or possessing illusions MW.
  345. समेधित (samedhita) (samedhita)
    mfn. greatly increased or augmented, swelled, increased, strengthened, made happy or fortunate MBh. R. BhP.
  346. सम्पद् (sampad) (sampad)
    A1. %{-padyate} (in some forms also P.
    ind. p. %{-pAdam} q.v.), to fall or happen well, turn out well, succeed, prosper, accrue to (dat. or gen.) AV. &c. &c.
    to become full or complete (as a number), amount to Br. ChUp. Hariv.
    to fall together, meet or unite with, obtain, get into, partake of (instr. or acc.) Br. Mn. MBh. &c.
    to enter into, be absorbed in (acc. or loc.) ChUp. BhP.
    to be produced, be brought forth, be born, arise MBh. R.
    to become, prove, turn into (nom.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    to be conducive to, produce (dat.) Pan5cat. Va1rtt. on Pa1n2. 2-3, 13
    (with adv. in %{sAt}) to become thoroughly Pa1n2. 5-4, 53
    to fall into a Person's, power ib. 54
    (with adv. in %{tra}) to fall to a person's share ib. 55
    to produce a partic. sound (as that expressed by an onomatopoetic word in %{A}) Vop. vii, 88: Caus. %{-pAdayati} (rarely %{-te}), to cause to succeed, cause to arise, bring about, produce, effect, accomplish (with %{zuzrUSAm} and gen., `" to obey "') MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    to make full, complete S3Br. BhP.
    to transform, make or turn into (acc.) Katha1s.
    to provide or furnish with (instr.
    with %{kriyayA}, to charge or entrust a person with a business "') S3Br. MBh. [1172,1] SaddhP.
    to afford to, procure for (dat. or gen.) AitBr. MBh. &c.
    to attain, obtain, acquire AV. R. &c.
    to ponder on, deliberate MBh.
    to consent, agree Br. ChUp.: Desid. of Caus. %{-pipAdayiSati} (see %{sam-pipAdayiSA} &c., col, 2): Intens. %{-panIpadyate}, to fit well Sarvad.
  347. सम्पत्ति (sampatti) (sampatti)
    f. prosperity, welfare, good fortune, success, accomplishment, fulfilment, turning out well (instr. = `" at random "') Nir. R. &c.
    concord, agreement S3rS.
    attainment, acquisition, enjoyment, possession AitBr. &c. &c.
    becoming, turning into S3am2k.
    being, existing, existence Sus3r. Hcat.
    good state or condition, excellence MBh. Sus3r.
    plenty, abundance, affluence Ka1v. Katha1s. Ma1rkP.
    a sort of medicinal root W.
    a partic. Kala1 (q.v.) of Prakr2iti and wife of I1s3a1na Cat.
  348. सम्पन्न (sampanna) (sampanna)
    mfn. fallen or turned out well, accomplished, effected, perfect, excellent (ifc. or with loc. = `" perfectly acquainted or conversant with "') AV. &c. &c.
    of perfect or correct flavour, palatable, dainty A1s3vGr2. MBh. R.
    endowed or furnished with, possessed of (instr. adv. in %{-tas}, or comp. also with transposition of the members
    cf. below) S3Br. MBh. &c.
    (ifc.) become, turned into R.
    m. N. of S3iva MBh.
    (%{am}) n. dainty food, a delicacy MBh. xiii, 4567
    %{-krama} m. a partic. Sama1dhi Buddh.
    %{-kskIrA} f. giving good milk (superl. %{-ra-tamA}) Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 2-3, 41
    %{-M-kAram} ind. making dainty, seasoning ib. iii 4, 26
    %{-tama} mfn. most complete or perfect, AitAr.
    %{-tara} mfn. more or most dainty or delicate R.
    %{-tA} f. the being endowed with or possessed of (comp.) Das3.
    %{-danta} mfn. possessing teeth A1s3vGr2.
    %{-pAnIya} mfn. rich in water Pat. on Pa1n2. 1-2, 52
    %{-rUpa} mfn. of perfect form, complete MW.
    dainty, delicate ib.
  349. सम्परिपूर्ण (samparipūrṇa) (samparipūrṇa)
    mfn. ( %{pRR}) quite filled, fully satisfied R.
    perfected
    %{-vidya} mfn. perfect in knowledge MBh.
  350. सम्पर्क (samparka) (samparka)
    &c. see %{sam-pRc}. m. (ifc. f. %{A}) mixing together, mixture, commingling, conjunction, union, association, touch, contact between (comp.) or with (instr. with or without %{saha} gen., or comp.) MaitrUp. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    bodily contact, sexual intercourse with (comp.) Kull.
    addition, sum A1ryabh.
  351. सम्पाठ्य (sampāṭhya) (sampāṭhya)
    mfn. to be read or recited together with (cf. %{a-s-}).
  352. सम्पात (sampāta) (sampāta)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) flying or rushing together, collision, concussion, encounter with (%{saha}) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    confluence VarBr2S.
    place of contact, point of intersection id. Gol. flight, swift descent, fall MBh. R. &c.
    a partic. mode of flight (of birds) Pan5cat.
    a partic. manner of fighting MBh. Hariv.
    taking place, happening, appearance, occurrence Kaus3. MBh. &c.
    that which falls or settles to the bottom, remnant (of fluid), residue (of an offering) Ka1t2h. Gr2S3rS. Sus3r.
    anything thrown in or added as an ingredient MW.
    = %{-sU7kta} AitBr. S3rS.
    N. of a son of Garud2a (prob. w.r. for %{sampAti}) RV.
    %{-pATava} n. skill in jumping
    %{-vat} mfn. ready, at hand, the first the best, any one Kaus3.
    containing Sampa1ta hymns (see next) A1s3vS3r.
    containing ingredients MW.
    %{-sU7kta} n. pl. certain hymns which are contiguous in the Sam2hita1 and ritual S3rS.
    %{-tA7yAta} mfn. come or brought in without any obvious purpose Sa1m2khyapr. %{-ti} &c. see %{sam-pat}.
  353. सम्पातिन् (sampātin) (sampātin)
    mfn. flying together MBh.
    flying as rivals (= `" equally swift) Nir.
    falling down Uttarar.
    N. of a fabulous bird R.
    of a Ra1kshasa ib.
  354. सम्पादित (sampādita) (sampādita)
    mfn. brought about, accomplished, fulfilled (%{-tva} n.) S3ak.
  355. सम्पुट (sampuṭa) (sampuṭa)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}
    cf. %{puTa}) a hemispherical bowl or anything so shaped Ka1v. Sus3r. Hcat.
    the space between two bowls Bhpr.
    a round covered case or box or casket (for jewellery &c.) Ni1lak.
    a hemisphere Gol.
    the Kurabaka flower
    a kind of coitus
    credit, balance (%{-Te-likh} with gen., `" to write down to the credit of "') Katha1s.
    N. of wk. Buddh.
    = %{eka-jAtIyo7bhayamadhya-vartin} Tantras.
  356. सम्पूर्ण (sampūrṇa) (sampūrṇa)
    mfn. completely filled or full (also said of the moon), full of, completely endowed or furnished with (instr., gen., or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    complete (also in number), whole, entire Mn. MBh. &c.
    abundant, excessive Bhartr2.
    possessed of plenty S3a1rn3gP.
    fulfilled, accomplished, Mr2icch S3ak.
    m. (in music) a scale which comprehends all the notes of the gamut W.
    one of the four wagtails employed for augury VarBr2S. xl, 2
    (%{A}) f. a partic. Eka1das3i1 (q.v.)
    n. ether, the ethereal element or atmosphere W.
    %{-kAma} mfn. filled with desire Kum.
    %{-kAlIna} mfn. occurring at the full or right time Kull.
    %{-kumbha} m. a full jar Subh.
    %{-tara} mfn. more filled, very full R.
    %{-tA} f. complete fulness, perfection, completeness Ra1jat. (also %{-tva} W.)
    a full measure (%{-yukta} mfn. possessing abundance or one's fill "') Pan5cat.
    %{-puccha} mfn. spreading the tail (as a peacock) Mr2icch.
    %{-puNya-mahiman} mfn. one whose greatness is acquired by abundant meritorious acts Ra1jat.
    %{-phala-bhAj} mfn. obtaining a full reward Mn. i, 109
    %{-mUrchA} f. a partic. mode of fighting MBh.
    %{-lakSaNa} mf(%{A})n. complete in number Katha1s.
    %{-vidya} mfn. replete with knowledge MW.
    %{-vrata} n. a partic. observance Cat. [1173,3]
    %{-saMhitA} f. N. of wk.
    %{-spRha} mfn. one whose desire is fulfilled (%{-tA} f.) Sa1h.
    %{-NA7Gga} mfn. complete in limbs or parts, entire Mudr.
  357. सम्प्रज्ञात (samprajñāta) (samprajñāta)
    mfn. distinguished, discerned, known accurately Yogas.
    %{-yogin} m. a Yogin who is still in a state of consciousness KapS. Sch.
    %{-tA7vasthA} f. the above state ib.
  358. सम्प्रतिपत्ति (sampratipatti) (sampratipatti)
    f. going towards, approach, arrival, attaining to, obtaining, acquirement MBh.
    correct conception, right understanding Kan2. Pat. MBh. &c.
    presence of mind (see comp.)
    agreement, concurrence, acknowledgement, admission, assent, affirmation MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    going against, assault W.
    (in law) a partic. kind of reply or defence, confession or admission of a fact (cf. %{pratyavaskanda}), Br2ihasp.
    co-operation W.
    bringing about, performing, effecting ib.
    %{-mat} mfn. having presence of mind MBh.
  359. सम्प्रतिपन्न (sampratipanna) (sampratipanna)
    mfn. gone near, come up to, approached, attained, arrived MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    agreed upon or assented to, acknowledged, recognized Ya1jn5. Sch. Kull.
    brought about, performed W.
  360. सम्प्रतीत (sampratīta) (sampratīta)
    mfn. come back again, returned BhP.
    firmly believing in, fully convinced of MBh.
    firmly resolved ib.
    thoroughly ascertained or admitted, well known, renowned ib.
    respectful, compliant MW.
  361. सम्प्रत्यय (sampratyaya) (sampratyaya)
    m. assent, agreement (see %{yathA-s-})
    firm conviction, perfect trust or faith or belief. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    right conception Pat. Ka1tyS3r. Sch.
    notion, idea VarBr2S. see %{sam-prati}. [1175,1]
  362. सम्प्रदान (sampradāna) (sampradāna)
    n. the act of giving or handing over completely, presenting, bestowing (also in marriage) Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    handing down by tradition, imparting, teaching VPra1t. Gaut.
    granting, allowing R.
    a gift, present, donation KaushUp. MBh. &c.
    (in gram.) one of the six Ka1rakas, the idea expressed by the dative case, the recipient to which the agent causes anything so be given (see 1. %{kAraka}) Pa1n2. 1-4, 32
    44 &c.
  363. सम्प्रदाय (sampradāya) (sampradāya)
    m. a bestower, presenter S3a1rn3gP.
    tradition, established doctrine transmitted from one teacher to another, traditional belief or usage Gr2S3rS. &c. &c.
    any peculiar or sectarian system of religious teaching, sect RTL. 61
    62
    %{-candrikA} f. N. of wk.
    %{-tas} ind. according to tradition MW.
    %{-nirUpaNa} n. %{-paddhati} f. %{-parizuddhi} f. %{-prakAzinI}, f. %{-pradIpa} m. %{-pradIpa-paddhati} f. N. of wks.
    %{-pradyotaka} m. a revealer of the tradition of the Veda, Kusum.
    %{-prA7pta} mfn. obtained through tradition MW.
    %{-vigama} m. want or loss of tradition S3is3.
    %{-vid} m. one versed in traditional doctrines or usages Sa1y.
  364. सम्प्रयुक्त (samprayukta) (samprayukta)
    mfn. yoked or joined together, yoked, harnessed &c.
    united or connected or furnished or endowed with (instr. or comp.) RPra1t. MBh. &c.
    come into contact or having intercourse with (instr.) Mn. xi, 179
    sexually united MW.
    encountering in a hostile manner MBh.
    engaged in or occupied with (comp.) Ka1m.
    concentrated, wholly intent on one object MBh.
    bound to, dependent on (loc.) ib.
    urged, impelled, incited ib.
  365. सम्प्रसारण (samprasāraṇa) (samprasāraṇa)
    n. drawing asunder Anup.
    (in gram.) the mutual interchange of the vowels %{i}, %{u}, %{R}, %{lR}, and their corresponding semivowels %{y}, %{v}, %{r}, %{l} Pa1n2. 1-1, 45 &c.
  366. सम्प्राप्त (samprāpta) (samprāpta)
    mfn. well reached or attained, obtained, gained &c.
    one who has reached or attained, arrived at, met with, fallen into (acc.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (ifc.) extending to Sus3r.
    come, become, appeared, arrived (as a period of time) Mn. MBh. &c.
    sprung or descended from (%{-tas}) Mn. ix, 141
    %{-yauvana} mfn. one who has fully attained youth or manhood, come of age MBh.
    %{-vidya} mfn. one who has acquired all knowledge ib.
  367. सम्प्रीत (samprīta) (samprīta)
    mfn. completely satisfied or pleased, delighted MBh.
    %{-mAnasa} mfn. delighted in mind ib.
  368. सम्प्रीति (samprīti) (samprīti)
    f. complete satisfaction, joy, delight in (loc. or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    attachment, affection, good will, friendship with (instr. with or without %{saha}), love for (loc. or gen.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    %{-mat} mfn. satisfied, pleased, delighted MBh.
  369. सम्प्लव (samplava) (samplava)
    m. flowing together, meeting or swelling (of waters), flood, deluge R. Hariv. BhP. a dense mass, heap, multitude Mn. MBh. &c.
    conglomeration, taking a form or shape, rise, origin BhP.
    noise, tumult (esp. of battle) Hariv. R.
    submersion by water, destruction, ruin Ya1jn5. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    end, close of (comp.) BhP.
  370. सम्प्लुत (sampluta) (sampluta)
    mfn. flowed or streamed together, met MBh.
    one who has bathed in (comp.) BhP.
    flooded over, overspread, covered or filled with (instr. or comp.) MBh. BhP.
    %{-to7daka} mfn. flooded with water Bhag.
  371. सम्बद्ध (sambaddha) (sambaddha)
    mfn. bound or tied together, joined, connected S3Br. Ka1tyS3r.
    connected in sense, coherent, having meaning (see %{-a-s})
    shut, closed Ka1m.
    connected or covered or filled with, belonging or relating to (instr. or comp.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    combined with i.e. containing (comp.) Hariv.
    attached to anything i.e. existing, being, found in (loc.) Ka1lid.
    (%{am}) ind. jointly, moreover MBh. ix, 3443
    %{-darpa} mfn. one who has feelings of pride (existing in his heart) MBh.
    %{-sainyau9gha} mfn. one who has the main body of troops concentrated Ka1m.
    %{-ddhA7nta} (%{sa4m-}.) mf(%{A})n. joined with the ends S3Br.
  372. सम्बन्ध (sambandha) (sambandha)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) binding or joining together, close connection or union or association, conjunction, inherence, connection with or relation to (instr. with or without %{saha}, or comp.
    in phil. relation or connexion is said to be of three kinds, viz %{samavA7ya}, %{saMyoga}, and %{sva-rUpa} q.v.) S3rS. S3am2k. Sarvad.: personal connection (by marriage), relationship, fellowship, friendship, intimacy with (instr. with and without %{saha} loc., or comp.) Pa1rGr2. Mn. MBh. &c.
    a relation, relative, kinsman, fellow, friend, ally A1past. MBh. BhP.
    a collection, volume, book S3ukas.
    a partic. kind of calamity VarBr2S.
    prosperity, success
    fitness, propriety
    the application of authority to prove a theological doctrine W.
    mfn. able, capable
    fit, right, proper
    (ifc.) often w.r. for %{sam-baddha} (q.v.)
    %{-gaNa-pati} m. %{-tattva} n. %{-nirNaya} m. %{-paJcAzikA} f. %{-rahasya} n. N. of wks.
    %{-varjita} n. `" want of coherence "', a partic. fault of style Prata1p.
    %{-vAttika} n. %{-viveka} m. %{-vyavasthAvikAza}, m.
    %{-dho7ddyota} m. %{-dho7padrza} m. N. of wks.
  373. सम्बुद्ध (sambuddha) (sambuddha)
    mfn. wide awake, clever, wise, prudent R.
    well perceived, perfectly known or understood ib.
    m. a Buddha or a Jaina deified sage(cf. MWB. 133).
  374. सम्बुद्धि (sambuddhi) (sambuddhi)
    f. perfect knowledge or perception MW.
    calling out to (a person in the distance), making one's self heard Ka1tyS3r. Pa1n2. 1-2, 33
    the vacative case or its termination Pa1n2. 1-1 16 &c.
    an epithet W.
  375. सम्बोध (sambodha) (sambodha)
    m. perfect knowledge or understanding MBh. Hariv. (sometimes w.r. for %{saMrodha}).
  376. सम्बोधन (sambodhana) (sambodhana)
    mfn. (partly fr. Caus.) awaking, arousing MBh.
    perceiving, noticing, observing MBh.
    recognizing MaitrUp.
    the act of causing to know, reminding MBh. Hariv.
    calling to Pa1n2. 2-3, 47
    the vocative case or its termination Siddh. Subh.
  377. सम्भव (sambhava) (sambhava)
    &c. see p. 1179, col. 1. (or %{sa4m-bhava}) m. (ifc. f. %{A}) being or coming together, meeting, union, intercourse (esp. sexual intintercourse, cohabitation) Gobh.
    finding room in, being contained in (ifc.= `" contained in "') MBh. Sus3r.
    birth, production, origin, source, the being produced from (abl.
    ifc. = `" arisen or produced from, made of, grown in "') Mn. MBh. &c.
    cause, reason, occasion (ifc.= `" caused or occasioned by "') ib.
    being brought about, occurrence, appearance (ifc. = `" occurring "' or `" appearing in "') ib.
    being, existence S3vetUp. MBh. &c.
    capacity, ability, possibility (ifc. `" made possible by "'
    %{ena}, `" according to possibility "', `" as possible "') MBh. Ma1rkP. Sa1h.
    (in rhet.) a possible case Kuval.
    (in phil.) equivalence (regarded as one of the Prama1n2as q.v.
    illustrated by the equivalence between one shilling and pence) MW.
    agreement, conformity (esp. of the receptacle with the thing received) W.
    compatibility, adequacy ib.
    acquaintance, intimacy ib.
    loss, destruction ib.
    (with Buddhists) N. of a world SaddhP.
    N. of a prince, VF.
    of the third Arhat of the present Avasarpin2i1.
    mf(%{A})n. existing, being Pan5car.
    %{-kANDa} m. n. N. of a Pauranic wk.
    %{-parirnan} n. `" the section about the origin (of the gods) "', N. of ch. of the first book of the MBh.
  378. सम्भु (sambhu) (sambhu)
    mfn. produced from, made of (comp.) Ya1jn5.
    m. a parent, progenitor Pa1n2. 3-2, 180 Ka1s3.
    N. of a metre Col.
  379. सम्भावन (sambhāvana) (sambhāvana)
    &c. see p. 1179. mfn. (fr. Caus.) having a high opinion of (comp.) BhP.
    (%{A}) f. (rarely n.) bringing together, assembling Pan5cat.
    bringing near, procuring R.
    coming together, meeting with (gen.) Ratna7v.
    worship, honour, respect, esteem, regard for, high opinion of (loc.
    %{Atmani}, of one's self "') MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    imagination, supposition, assumption (also as a rhet. figure, described by some as the use of the verb in the Imperative or Potential mood
    acc. with %{bhaj}, to be supposed "'
    %{-no7jjhita} mfn. `" rejected as an assumption "', doubted "') Pa1n2. Ka1v. Sarvad. Kpr. Va1s. Sch.
    fitness, adequacy Kir.
    competency, ability W.
    fame, celebrity ib.
  380. सम्भावनीय (sambhāvanīya) (sambhāvanīya)
    mfn. to be partaken of or assisted at (n. impers.) MBh.
    to be honoured cr respected or greeted BhP.
    to be assumed or supposed, possible, probable Mr2icch. (cf. %{a-s-}) Sa1h.
  381. सम्भावित (sambhāvita) (sambhāvita)
    mfn. brought together, brought about &c.
    seized, grasped Ka1d.
    thought highly of, esteemed, honoured, respected MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    honoured or presented with (instr.) BhP.
    considered, supposed, conjectured, reflected MBh. R. &c.
    suited, adequate, fit for, possible, probable S3ak. Ragh.
    n. conjecture, supposition Ratna7v.
    %{-tama} mfn. most honoured or respected Sam2k.
    %{-tara} mfn. more honoured or esteemed, more confided in R.
    %{-tA7tman} mfn. noble-minded, of respected character ib.
  382. सम्भाव्य (sambhāvya) (sambhāvya)
    m. to be honoured or respected or well treated Hariv. Ma1rkP.
    to be (or being) honourably mentioned MBh.
    to be regarded or considered as (nom.) Pan5cat.
    to be supposed or expected, possible, probable MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    suited, fit, adequate Sa1y. (in a quotation)
    capable of. able io (loc.) Pan5cat. (v.l.)
    m. N. of a son of Manu Raivata VP.
    n. adequacy, competency, fitness MW. [1179,2]
  383. सम्भाष (sambhāṣa) (sambhāṣa)
    m. discourse, talk, conversation with (gen. or instr. with or without %{saha}, or comp.) Gr2ihya1s. R. &c.
    (%{A}) f. id. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    engagement, contract, agreeiment Subh.
    watchword W.
    greeting MW.
    sexual connection ib.
  384. सम्भाषण (sambhāṣaṇa) (sambhāṣaṇa)
    n. conversation, discourse with (gen., instr., or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    watchword MW.
    sexual intercourse ib.
    %{-nipuNa} mfn. skilled in conversation Das3.
  385. सम्भूत (sambhūta) (sambhūta)
    mfn. being or come together, united or combined with (see %{-tva})
    become, born, produced or arisen or proceeding from, made or composed of (abl. or comp.) Up. Mn. MBh. &c.
    (ibc.) one in whom anything has arisen &c. i.e. provided with, possessed of &c. (see comp.)
    become or changed into anything (nom.) MBh.
    capable, adequate, equal W.
    m. N. of a son of Trasa-dasyu Hariv. VP.
    of a judge Buddh.
    %{-tva} n. state of union or combination with (loc.
    %{paJjasu@bhUteSu@sambhUta-tvaM@ni-gam} `" to undergo union with the five elements "' i.e. `" to die "') MBh. xiv, 174
    %{-bhUri-gaja-viji-padAti-sainya} mfn. possessed of an army (consisting) of numerous elephants and horses and foot-soldiers Katha1s.
    %{-vijaya} m. (= %{-ti-vijaya}) HParis3.
    %{-saMtrAsa} mfn. seized with fear, afraid, alarmed Ra1jat.
  386. सम्भूति (sambhūti) (sambhūti)
    (%{sa4m-}.) f. birth, origin, production (ifc.= `" risen or produced or descended from "') VS. &c. &c.
    growth, increase S3Br. S3a1n3khS3r.
    manifestation of might, great or superhuman power (= %{vi-bhUti}) BhP. (Sch.)
    suitability, fitness (also personified as the daughter of Daksha and wife of Mari1ci, or as the wife of Jayad-ratha and mother of Vijaya) Pur.
    m. N. of a son of Dubsaha VP.
    of a brother of Trasa-dasyu ib.
    of a judge Buddh.
    %{-vijaya} m. (with Jainas) N. of a S3ruta-kevalin (also = %{ta-vijaya}) HParis3.
  387. सम्भृत (sambhṛta) (sambhṛta)
    mfn. brought together, collected, assembled, accumulated, concentrated RV. &c. &c.
    provided, stored, laden, filled, covered, furnished or endowed with, possessed of (instr. or comp.) AV. &c. &c.
    carried, borne (in the womb) MBh.
    well maintained or nourished RV. R.
    honoured, respected BhP.
    produced, effected, caused, made, prepared S3Br. Ka1lid. Sus3r.
    loud, shrill (as a sound) MBh. vii, 3911
    %{-kratu} mfn. one in whom all knowledge is concentrated, intelligent, wise (said of Indra) RV.
    %{-tama} mfn. fully concentrated S3a1n3khS3r.
    %{-bala} mfn. one who has assembled an army Ra1jat.
    %{-zrI} (%{sa4m-}) mfn. one in whom all beauty is concentrated, lovely, charming AV. Megh.
    %{-zruta} mfn. possessed of knowledge, learned, wise Ra1jat.
    %{-sambhAra} (%{sa4m-}) mfn. one who has brought together all requisite materials, quite ready or prepared for anything TS. MBh. BhP.
    %{-sneha} mfn. full of love for (loc.) Megh.
    %{-tA7Gga} (%{sa4m-}) mfn. one whose body is well nourished or fed TBr.
    (ifc.) one whose limbs are covered with MBh. (B. %{sam-vRt-})
    %{-ta4rtha} mfn. one who has accumulated wealth Ragh.
    %{-tA7zva} (%{sa4m-}) mfn. one who has well-fed horses RV.
    %{-tau9Sadha} mfn. one who has collected many drugs MBh.
  388. सम्भोग (sambhoga) (sambhoga)
    1 see %{bhuja-s-}, p. 759, col. 1.
  389. सम्भ्रम (sambhrama) (sambhrama)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) whirling round, haste, hurry, flurry, confusion, agitation, bustling
    activity, eagerness, zeal (%{At} and %{ena}, `" excitedly, hurriedly "'
    acc. with %{kR} or %{gam}, and dat., to get into a flurry about, show great eagerness or zeal "'
    with %{tyaj} or %{vi-muc}, `" to compose one's self "') MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    awe, deference, respect Ka1v. Katha1s.
    error, mistake, delusion (ifc. =, feigning or seeming to be "') Ra1jat. Katha1s.
    grace, beauty (v.l. for %{vi-bhrama}) Bhartr2.
    N. of a class of beings attending on S3iva Cat.
    mfn. agitated, excited, rolling about (as the eyes) BhP.
    %{-jvalita} mfn. excited by flurry MW.
    %{-bhRt} mfn. possessing bewilderment, embarrassed, agitited ib.
  390. सम्भ्रान्त (sambhrānta) (sambhrānta)
    mfn. whirled about, flurried, confused, perplexed, agitated, excited MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    quickened, brisk, lively (gait) R.
    %{-jana} mfn. one whose people are bewildered MW.
    %{-manas} mfn. bewildered in mind MBh.
  391. सम्मा (sammā) (sammā)
    3. P. A1. %{-mAti}, %{-mimIte}, to measure out, measure RV. &c. &c.
    to make of the same measure, make equal, equalize (in size, number, quantity &c.) AV. TS. S3Br. [1180,2]
    to compare with (instr.) BhP.
    to mete out, distribute, bestow RV. iii, 1, 15
    v, 4, 2
    (with %{zra4vAMsi}) to direct one's course or flight towards ib. iii, 34, 22
    to be of the same capacity with, be contained in (loc.) Kuval.: Pass. %{-mIyate}, to be of the same measure, be contained in (loc.) Ni1lak.
  392. सम्मान (sammāna) (sammāna)
    1 m. or (accord. to some) n. (for 2. see col. 2) honour, respect, homage MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    %{-kara} mfn. doing honour, honouring RPra1t.2 n. (for 1. see %{sam-man}) the act of measuring out, equalizing, comparing MW.
    measure ib. 1. 2 see %{sam-man} and %{sam-} 3. %{mA}, col. 1.
  393. सम्मार्जन (sammārjana) (sammārjana)
    n. the act of sweeping or cleansing thoroughly, cleansing, scouring, purifying, brushing S3rS. Mn. MBh. &c.
    the anointing and washing (of images &c.) MW.
    a wisp (or bunch of Darbha grass for purifying ladles &c.) TBr. Ka1tyS3r.
    remains of food wiped off from dishes &c. Ma1rkP.
    a wisp or broom (made of tough grass and stalks) Sam2ska1rak. Kull.
  394. सम्मित (sammita) (sammita)
    mfn. measured out, measured, meted BhP.
    measuring. so much, just so much (no more nor less) MBh. BhP.
    of the same measure or extent, equal, like, same (in length, height, number, value &c.), corresponding to, resembling, passing for (instr., rarely gen.
    or comp.) AV. &c. &c.
    reaching up to (comp.) S3Br. A1s3vS3r.
    symmetrical (?) Pan5car.
    consisting of. furnished or provided with (instr. or comp.) MBh. Pan5car.
    destined for (comp.) MBh.
    v, 2462 (B. %{saMdhita})
    (%{am}) ind. perpetually, incessantly Ka1ran2d2. (prob. w.r. for %{samitam})
    m. N. of a mythical being Ya1jn5.
    of a son of Vasisht2ha VP.
    (%{am}) n. distance (%{e} ifc. = `" at a distance from "') VarBr2S.
    %{-tva} n. (in rhet.) universal analogy Prata1p.
    %{-varNA} f. N. of a Commentary.
  395. सम्मिति (sammiti) (sammiti)
    f. equalization, comparision Pa1n2. 4-4, 35 (v.l. %{sam-iti}).
  396. सम्मुग्ध (sammugdha) (sammugdha)
    mfn. gone astray (see %{a-s-})
    perplexed, bewildered, stupefied Uttarar.
    not clearly understood Ni1lak.
    (%{am}) ind. furtively Gi1t. [1181,1]
  397. सम्मूढ (sammūḍha) (sammūḍha)
    mfn. completely stupefied, astounded, perplexed, bewildered, unconscious, senseless MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    foolish, ignorant Ya1jn5. Ra1jat.
    heaped, accumulated (as clouds
    accord. to others, `" torn asunder "') Hariv.
    produced rapidly W.
    broken ib.
    (%{A}) f. a kind of riddle or enigma Cat.
    (%{-Dhacetas} mfn. troubled or infatuated in mind, S3a1ntis3.
    %{-tA} f. (Katha1s.), %{-tva} n. (MaitrUp.) stupefaction, infatuation, bewilderment, unconsciousness
    %{-piDakA} f. N. of partic. eruptions on the membrum virile Sus3r.
    %{-hRdaya} mfn. troubled in heart MW.
  398. सम्मेलन (sammelana) (sammelana)
    n. mingling or meeting together, mixture, union Uttarar. Sa1h. see %{sam-mil}.
  399. सम्मोह (sammoha) (sammoha)
    m. stupefaction, bewilderment, confusion, insensibility, unconsciousness, ignorance, folly, illusion of mind (also with %{manasaH}
    %{manaH-}, %{mati-}, %{citta-s-} &c.) S3Br. &c. &c.
    tumult, battle (= %{saMgrAna}) Naigh. ii, 17
    (in astrol.) a partic. conjunction of planets VarBr2S.
    (%{A}) f. a kind of metre Col.
    (%{-ha}) %{-maulin} mfn. having illusion for stupefying, infatuating, bewitching, fascinating MBh.
  400. सम्यक्त्व (samyaktva) (samyaktva)
    n. id. MBh.
    completeness, perfection S3atr. (%{kSAyika-s-}, `" that perfection in which material existence is destroyed "' W.
    %{-kaumudI} f. %{-prakAza} m.
    %{-tvA7dhyayana} or %{-dhyApana} n. N. of wks.
    %{-mithyA}. %{tva-sarva-saMgrasana} m. a partic. Sama1dhi Buddh.
  401. सम्यक्समाधि (samyaksamādhi) (samyaksamādhi)
    m. right meditation (with Buddh.)
  402. सम्राज् (samrāj) (samrāj)
    m. (fr. %{saM-} %{rAj} Pa1n2. 8-3, 25
    nom. %{samrA4T}) a universal or supreme ruler (a N. of Varun2s, the A1dityas, Indra, Manu &c.) RV. VS. S3Br. VP.
    a sovereign lord, paramount sovereign (of men)
    one who rules over other princes and has performed the Ra1jasu1ya sacrifice RV. &c. &c.
    N. of a son or grandson of Ka1mya1 Hariv.
    of a son of Citra-ratha BhP.
    of various authors Cat.
    a kind of metre RPra1t.
    a partic. Eka7ha Vait.
    (%{-rAj}) f. N. of a daughter of Priya-vrata VP.
  403. सम्राडासन्दी (samrāḍāsandī) (samrāḍāsandī)
    f. a chair or stool used foe the Pravargya-gharma (q.v.) S3Br. S3rS.
  404. सर (sara) (sara)
    mf(%{A})n. (fr. %{sR}) fluid, liquid VS.
    cathartic, purgative, laxative Sus3r. Va1gbh.
    (ifc. f. %{I} Pa1n2. 3-2, 18) going, moving &c. (cf. %{anu-}, %{abhi-}, %{puraH-s-})
    m. going, motion
    a cord, string (cf. %{prati-}, %{maNi-}, %{muktA-maNi-}, and %{mauktika-s-})
    a short vowel (in prosody) Col.
    salt
    N. of Va1yu or the wind
    a waterfall
    often v.l. or w.r. for %{zara} (also in comp. %{sara-ja} &c. for %{zara@ja} &c.)
    (%{A4}) f. moving or wandering about Gal.
    a brook AV. TS.
    a cascade, waterfall
    Paederia Foetida
    (%{I}) f. a cascade (cf. %{sari})
    n. a lake, pool (also irregularly in comp. for %{saras}) Un2. iv, 188 Sch.
    milk L.
  405. सरक (saraka) (saraka)
    mfn. going, moving, proceeding
    m. or n. a drinking vessel, goblet (esp. for spirituous liquors) R. Sus3r.
    spirituous liquor (esp. that distilled from sugar), rum Katha1s.
    drinking spspirituous lliquor S3is3. xv, 114
    distribution of spspirituous lliquor
    a caravan
    (%{ikA}) f. a kind of plant (= %{hiGgu-pattrI})
    a string of pearls
    n. a pearl, jewel
    a pond, lake
    `" going "' or `" the sky "' (%{gamana} or %{gagana})
    N. of a Tirtha MBh.
  406. सरण (saraṇa) (saraṇa)
    mfn. (for %{sa-raNa} see p. 1183) going, moving, running GopBr.
    m. a kind of tree Col. (perhaps w.r. for %{sorala})
    N. of a king Buddh.
    (%{A} or %{I}) f. Paederia Foetida
    (%{A}) f. a sort of convolvulus
    n. running, quick motion (with %{AjeH}, `" a foot-race, `" running-match "') Gr2S3rS. ChUp. MBh.
    moving from one place to another, locomotion VarBr2S.
    running after, following R.
    iron rust or filings%{-Ni} &c. see p. 1182, col. 1, [1183,3] &c. see p. 1182, col. 1.
  407. सरण्यु (saraṇyu) (saraṇyu)
    m. a protector, defender W.
    wind, air (prob. for %{saraNyu})
    a cloud
  408. सरथ (saratha) (saratha)
    (%{sa4-}) mf(%{A})n. together with the chariot S3Br. MBh.
    (%{sa-ra4tham}) ind. on the same chariot with, (or simply) together with, accompanied by (instr.) RV.
    m. a warrior or Kshatriya (as riding in a chchariot) MW.
    %{-pAdAta} mfn. accompanied by or along with chariots and infantry ib. %{-thin} see col. 1.
  409. सरमा (saramā) (saramā)
    f. the fleet one "'N. of a female dog belonging to Indra and the gods (represented in RV. X, 14, 10 as the mother of the four-eyed brindled dogs of Yama [cf. IW. 470], and called in MBh. i, 671 %{deva-zunI} in the RV. said to have gone in search of and recovered the cows stolen by the Pan2is
    elsewhere regarded as the mother of beasts of prey Sarama1 Deva-s3uni1 is also said to be the authoress of part of RV. x, 108) RV. Pa1rGr2. MBh. &c.
    a female dog in general, bitch
    N. of a Ra1kshasi1 R.
    of a daughter of the Gandharva king S3ailu1sha and wife of Vi1bhtshan2a ib.
    of a wife of Kas3yapa VahniP.
  410. सरयु (sarayu) (sarayu)
    m. air, wind
    f. N. of a well-known river (commonly called Surjoo
    on which stood the ancient city Ayodhya1 [cf. R. i, 5
    6]
    it is a tributary of the Gogra [see %{gharghara}], and in RV. is mentioned along with the rivers Sarasvati1, Sindhu, Gan3ga1, Yamuna1, and S3utudri). [1182,2]
  411. सरल (sarala) (sarala)
    mf(%{A})n. `" running on "', straight (not `" crooked "') Ka1v. Ra1jat.
    outstretched Katha1s. Ra1jat.
    right, correct Prasan3g. TPra1t. Sch.
    upright, sincere, candid, honest, artless, simple Ka1v. Katha1s. Ra1jat.
    real (not `" sham "'), Ba1ar.
    = %{vigIta}
    m. a species of pine tree, Pinus Longifolia MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a kind of bird, Pavo Bicalcaratus
    fire
    a Buddha
    (%{A}) f. the above pine Bhpr.
    Ipomoea Turpethum
    N. of a river
    (%{am}) n. resin of the pine R. Sus3r.
    a partic. high number Buddh.
  412. सरस् (saras) (saras)
    n. `" anything flowing or fluid "', a lake, large sheet of water, pond, pool, tank RV. &c. &c.
    . a trough, pail RV.
    water Naigh. i, 2
    speech (a meaning given to account for %{saras-vatI}) ib. i, 11.
  413. सरस (sarasa) (sarasa)
    n. N. of two Sa1mans A1rshBr. n. (for %{sa-rasa} see s.v.) = %{saras}, a lake, pond, pool (see %{jala-}, %{deva-}, and %{maNDUka-s-}).
  414. सरस्वत् (sarasvat) (sarasvat)
    (%{sa4ras-}) mfn. abounding in or connected with ponds &c. BhP.
    juicy, sapid
    elegant ib.
    sentimental ib.
    finding pleasure or delight in (loc.) Cat.
    m. N. of a divinity belonging to the upper region (considered as offspring of the water and plants, as guardian of the waters and bestower of fertility)TS. Pan5cavBr.
    of a male deity corresponding to Sarasvati1 TS. S3Br.
    the sea S3is3.
    a river
    N. of a river (= %{sarasatI}) BhP.
    a buffalo W.
    (%{atI}) f. see s.v.
  415. सरस्वतीकण्ठाभरण (sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇa) (sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇa)
    n. the necklace of Sarasvati1 (goddess of eloquence) Dhu1rtas.
    N. of wk. on Alarnka1ra (generally ascribed to Bhoja-deva, but probably written by some Pandit during or after the reign of that king, in the end of the 11th century A.D.)
  416. सराजक (sarājaka) (sarājaka)
    (MBh.
    %{ikA} f. Ja1takam.),
  417. सरित् (sarit) (sarit)
    f. a river, stream (%{saritAM@varA}, `" best of rivers "', the Ganges
    %{-tAM@nAtha}, `" lord of rivers "', the ocean
    %{-tAm@pati} id., an expression for the number `" four "' RV. &c. &c.
    a metre of 72 syllables Nida1nas.
    a thread, string
    N. of Durga1 L.
  418. सरूप (sarūpa) (sarūpa)
    (%{sa4-}) mfn. having the same shape or form, uniform, similar, like, resembling (gen. or comp.) RV. &c. &c.
    having the same sound identical in ssound, consonant, Kavya7d.
    having shape or form, embodied VP.
    shapely formed, beautiful, handsome (prob.also w.r. for %{su-r-}) Pan5cavBr. Ka1v.
    m. a partic. mythical being Suparn2.
    (%{A}) f. N. of the wife of Bhu1ta and mother of innumerible Rudras BhP.
    (%{-pa}) %{-kRt} mfn. producing the same form or colour AV.
    (%{-paM}) %{-ka4raNa} mf(%{I})n. id. ib.
    %{-tA} f. %{-tva} n. identity of form, likeness, resemblance to (comp.) AitBr. MBh. Ka1m. &c.
    assimilation to the deity (one of the four stages in the progress towards final emancipation) RTL. &c.
    %{-vatsA} f. a cow with a calf of the same colour Gr2S3rS.
    %{-po7pamA} v.l. for %{samAna-rUp-} Ka1vya7d.
  419. सरोरुह् (saroruh) (saroruh)
    n. `" lakegrowing "', a lotus L.
  420. सरोष (saroṣa) (saroṣa)
    mfn. full of anger, angry, wrathful (%{am} id.) R. Ka1lid. Pur.
    %{-rAgo7pahata} mfn. suffused with a flush of anger MW.
    %{-sambhrama} mfn. wrathful and agitated S3is3.
    %{-smitam} ind. with an angry smile Ratna7v.
  421. सर्ग (sarga) (sarga)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}
    fr. %{sRj}) letting go, discharging, voiding (as excrement) MBh. R.
    starting (a race-horse), racing RV.
    a herd let loose from a stable, any troop or host or swarm or multitude ib. Ra1jat.
    a draught of air, gust of wind RV.
    a stream, gush, rush, downpour (of any fluid
    acc. with %{kR}, `" to cast or strike down "' RV.) [1184,1]
    a dart, shot ib.
    emission or creation of matter, primary creation (as opp. to %{pratisarga} `" secondary creation "'), creation of the world (as opp. to its %{pralaya} `" dissolution "', and %{sthiti}, `" maintenance in existence "'
    9 different creations are enumerated in BhP. iii, 10, 13
    %{A@sargAt}, `" from the creation or beginning of the world "'
    %{sarge} `" in the created world "') Up. Mn. MBh. &c.
    a created being, creature (with %{daiva} `" a divine creation "', `" a god "') Ragh.
    begetting, procreation MBh.
    origin BhP.
    offspring, a child ib.
    nature, natural property, disposition, tendency Bhag. v, 19
    effort, exertion, resolution, eesolve, will Ragh. S3is3.
    a section, chapter, book, canto (esp. in an epic poem)
    assent, agreement
    fainting (= %{moha})
    implement of war MBh. xi, 2165 (Ni1lak.)
    = %{visarga}, the aspiration at the end of a word Cat.
    N. of S3iva MBh.
    of a son of Rudra Pur.
  422. सर्प (sarpa) (sarpa)
    mf(%{I})n. creeping, crawling stealing along Gaut. (cf. %{pITha-}, %{vRkSa-s-})
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) a snake, serpent, serpent-demon (cf. %{nAga}
    %{sarpANAm@ayanam}, `" a partic. annual festival "'), tortuous motion RV. &c. &c.
    a partic. constellation (when only the three unfavourable planets are situated in the three Kendras) VarBr2S.
    Mesua Roxburghii
    N. of one of the 11 Rudras MBh. of a Ra1kshasa VP.
    (pl.) N. of a partic. tribe of Mlecchas (formerly Kshatriyas and described, is wearing beards) Hariv.
    (%{I}) f. a female snake MBh.
    N. of the wife of a Rudra ib.
    n. = %{sapa-sAman} q.v. [Cf. Gk. $ Lat. &358047[1184,1] {serpens}
    see also under %{srip}.]
  423. सर्पण (sarpaṇa) (sarpaṇa)
    n. the act of creeping or gliding, stealing away AitBr. Nir. MBh. &c.
    (in ritual) moving softly &c. Gr2S3rS.
    going tortuously MW.
    the flight of an arrow nearly parallel with the ground W.
  424. सर्पसत्त्रिन् (sarpasattrin) (sarpasattrin)
    m. `" performer of a snsnake-sacrifice "'N. of king Janam-ejaya (a legend relates that to revenge the death of his father, who was killed by a snsnake-bite, he employed Mantras to compel the whole serpent-race to be present at a sacrifice, where all except a few chief snakes were destroyed) L.
  425. सर्पिन् (sarpin) (sarpin)
    mfn. (ifc.) creeping, gliding, moving slowly (%{zItA7nila-s-}, `" exposed to currents of cold winds "') S3Br. Hariv. Kir.
    (%{iNI}) f. a female serpent Ka1s3i1Kh.
    a kind of shrub (= %{bhnjagI})
    w.r. for %{sarpa-vANI}, a serpent's voice Pan5cat.
  426. सर्पिस् (sarpis) (sarpis)
    n. clarified butter (i.e. melted butter with the scum cleared off, commonly called `" ghee "', either fluid or solidified
    also pl.) RV. &c. &c.
  427. सर्वक (sarvaka) (sarvaka)
    mf(%{ikA})n. all, every, whole, entire, universal AV.
    (%{e}) ind. everywhere
  428. सर्वग (sarvaga) (sarvaga)
    mfn. allpervading, omnipresent (%{-tva} n.) Up. MBh. Ya1jn5. &c.
    m. the universal soul
    spirit, soul, w.
    N. of Brahman
    of S3iva ib.
    of a son of Bhi1ma-sena MBh.
    of a son of Paurn2ama1sa VP.
    of a son of Manu Dharma-sa1varn2ika ib.
    (%{A}) f. the Priyan3gu plant
    n. water ib.
  429. सर्वज्ञ (sarvajña) (sarvajña)
    mf(%{A})n. all-knowing, omniscient (said of gods and men, esp. of ministers and philosophers) Up. Ka1v. &c.
    a Buddha
    an Arhat (with Jainas) ib.
    N. of S3iva Pan5cat. Ka1s3i1Kh.
    of various men R. Hit. Buddh.
    (%{A}) f. N. of Durga1 Devi1P.
    of a Yogini1 Hcat.
    %{-jJAnin} mfn. thinking one's self omniscient DivyA7v.
    %{-tA} f. (MBh. Katha1s.) or %{-tva} n. (MBh. R. &c.) omniscience
    %{-deva} (Buddh.), %{-nArAyaNa} (Cat.) m. N. of scholars
    %{-putra} m. N. of Siddha-sena Sin6ha7s.
    %{-bhaTTa} m. N. of a man ib.
    %{-mAnin} mfn. (= %{-jJAnin}) DivyA7v.
    %{-mitra} m. N. of various persons Ra1jat.
    Bundh.
    %{-m-manya} mfn. (%{-jJAnin}
    %{-ya-tA} f.) Ra1jat.
    %{-rAme7zvara-bhaTTAraka} m. N. of an author Cat.
    %{-vAsudeva} m. N. of a poet ib.
    %{-viSNu} m. N. of a philosopher Sarvad.
    %{-vyavasthApaka}N. of wk.
    %{-zrI-nArAyaNa} m. N. of an author Cat.
    %{-sUnu} m. patr. of Skanda Ka1s3i1Kh.
    %{-jJA7tma-giri} (Col.) or %{-mamuni} (Cat.) m. N. of an author
    %{-jJA7rdha-zarIriNI} f. N. of Uma1, Ka1s3tkh.
  430. सर्वतनु (sarvatanu) (sarvatanu)
    or (%{sa4rva-}.) mfn. complete in regard to the body or person AV. S3Br. TA1r. A1s3vS3r.
  431. सर्वतन्त्र (sarvatantra) (sarvatantra)
    n. pl. all doctrines Hcat.
    mfn. = %{sarvaM@tantram@adhI7te@veda@vA} Pat. on Pa1n2. 4-2, 60
    universally acknowledged, admitted by all schools (as a philosophical principle) W.
    m. one who has studied all the Tantras. ib.
    %{-maya} mf(%{I})n. (prob.) containing all doctrines Hcat.
    %{-ziromaNi} m. N. of wk.
    %{-siddhA7nta} m. a dogma admitted by all systems (opp. to %{pratitantra-s-} q.v.) Car. Nya1yad.
  432. सर्वतोमुख (sarvatomukha) (sarvatomukha)
    (%{sarva4to}.) mf(%{I})n. facing in all dirdirection, turned evevery where VS. TS. S3Br. &c.
    complete, unlimited Ka1v.
    m. a kind of military array Ka1m.
    soul, spirit
    N. of BrahmS (`" having four faces "') ib.
    of S3iva ib.
    a Bra1hman
    of Agni MBh.
    the heaven, Svarga ib.
    N. of wk.
    n. water Cat.
    sky, heaven
    %{-kArikA} f. pl., %{-paddhati} f. %{-prakaraNa} n. %{-prayoga} m.
    %{-kho7dgatR-tva} n. %{-khau9gAlra-prayoga} m. N. of wks.
  433. सर्वदमन (sarvadamana) (sarvadamana)
    mfn. all-subduing or all-taming
    m. N. of Bharata (son of Sakuutala1) MBh. Hariv. S3ak.
    of an Asura Katha1s.
  434. सर्वदर्शन (sarvadarśana) (sarvadarśana)
    mfn. allviewing BhP. S3ivag.
    %{-ziromaNi} m. N. of wk.
    %{-saMgraha} m. `" compendium of all the Dars3anas "'N. of a treatise on the various systems of philosophy (not including the Vedu7nta) by Ma1dhava7ca1rya or his brother Sa1yan2a IW. 118
    119.
  435. सर्वनामन् (sarvanāman) (sarvanāman)
    n. (in gram.) N. of a class of words beginning with %{sarva} (comprising the real pronouns and a series of pronominal adjectives, such as %{ubhaya}, %{vizva}, %{ekatara} &c.
    cf. under %{sarva}) A1past. Nir. Apra1t. &c. mfn. having all names Nir. BhP.
    %{-ma-tA} f. or %{-ma-tva} n. the being a pronoun or a pronominal
    %{-ma-zaktivAda} m. N. of wk.
    %{-ma-sthAna} n. a case-termination before which the strong base of a noun is used Pa1n2.
  436. सर्व (sarva) (sarva)
    mf(%{A})n. (perhaps connected with %{sAra} q.v.
    inflected as a pronoun except nom. acc. sg. n. %{sarvam}, and serving as a model for a series of pronominals cf. %{sarva-nAman}) whole, entire, all, every (m.sg. `" every one "'
    pl. `" all "'
    n. sg. `" everything "'
    sometimes strengthened by %{vizva} [which if alone in RV. appears in the meaning `" all "', every "', `" every one "'] and %{nikhila}
    %{sarve} "' %{pi}, `" all together "'
    %{sarvaH@ko} "' %{pi} "', every one so ever "'
    %{gavAM@sarvam}, `" all that comes from cows "'
    %{sarva} with a negation = `" not any "', `" no "', `" none "' or `" not every one "', `" not everything "') RV. &c. &c.
    of all sorts, manifold, various, different MBh. &c.
    (with another adjective or in comp.
    cf. below) altogether, wholly, completely, in all parts, everywhere RV. ChUp. &c.
    (%{am}) ind. (with %{sarveNa}) completely DivyA7v.
    m. (declined like a subst.) N. of S3iva MBh.
    of Kr2ishn2a Bhag.
    of a Muni Cat.
    pl. N. of a people Ma1rkP.
    n. water Naigh. i, 12. [Cf. Gk. $ &358256[1184,3] for $ Lat. {salvus}.] [1185,1]
  437. सर्ववेदस् (sarvavedas) (sarvavedas)
    (%{sa4rva-}) mfn. having complete property AV.
    m. one who gives away all his propproperty to the priests after a sacrifice L.
  438. सर्वाङ्ग (sarvāṅga) (sarvāṅga)
    n. (ifc. f. %{I}) the whole body, Vla1. Katha1s. &c.
    pl. all the limbs R. Katha1s. Maitr. Up. Sch.
    all the Veda7n3gas KenUp.
    (%{sa4rv-}) mf(%{i})n. entire or perfect in limb
    complete, (%{-bhaGga} m. `" entire collapse "') Ka1m. Ra1jat.
    m. N. of S3iva MBh.
    (%{am}) ind. in all respects exactly Katha1s.
    %{-nyAsa} m. %{-yoga-dIpikA} f. N. of wks. %{rUpa} m. N. of S3iva MBh.
    %{-vedanA-sAmanyakarma-prakAza} m. N. of ch. of wk.
    %{-sundara} mfn. beautiful in every member, completely beautiful MW.
    m. (also %{-rasa} m. `" whose essence is good for all the limbs "') a partic. drug or medicament
    (%{I}) f. N. of various Comms.
  439. सर्वादि (sarvādi) (sarvādi)
    m. the beginning or first of all things Pan5car.
    mfn. having any kind of commencement whatever RPra1t.
  440. सर्षप (sarṣapa) (sarṣapa)
    m. mustard, mustardseed Shad2vBr. &c. &c.
    a mustard-seed used as a weight, any minute weight Mn. S3a1rn3gS.
    a kind of poison
    (%{I}) f. a kind of herb
    a partic. eruption of the body Car.
    a kind of small bird (said to be a species of wagtail, = %{khaJjanikA}) L.
  441. सलज्ज (salajja) (salajja)
    mfn. feeling shame or modesty, bashful, embarrassed (%{am} ind.) Ka1v. Katha1s. &c.
    m. Artemisia Indica and Austriaca[1190,1]
    %{-tva} n. shame, bashfulness Campak.
  442. सलील (salīla) (salīla)
    mf(%{A})n. playing, sporting (not in earnest) MBh. R.
    mocking, sneering R.
    sportive, coquettish S3ak. Katha1s.
    (%{am}) ind. playfully, with ease (also with %{iva}) R. BhP.
    sportively, coquettishly Mr2icch. Ka1lid. Kir.
    %{-gaja-gAmin} m. N. of a Buddha Lalit.
    %{-parihAsa} mfn. smiling coquettishly Ma1lati1m.
    %{-haMsa-gamanA} f. having the wanton gait of a Han6sa Katha1s.
  443. सलोक (saloka) (saloka)
    (%{sa4-}) mfn. being in the same world with (gen. or loc.) AitBr. S3Br.
    with the people or inhabitants Cat.
  444. सल्लकी (sallakī) (sallakī)
    %{sallakIya} = %{zall-} q.v.
  445. सव (sava) (sava)
    1 m. (fr. 3. %{su}) pressing out the juice of the Soma plant RV. S3Br. S3a1n3khS3r.
    pouring it out
    the moon
    n. the juice or honey of flowers L.2 m. (fr. 1. %{sU}) one who sets in motion or impels, an instigator, stimulator, commander VS. S3Br.
    m. the sun (cf. %{savitR})
    setting in motion, vivification, instigation, impulse, command, order (esp. applied to the activity of Savitr2i
    dat. %{savA4ya}, for setting in motion "')VS. TBr.
    N. of partic. initiatory rites, inauguration, consecration Br.
    a kind of sacrifice Kaus3.
    any sacrifice MBh.
    a year (?) BhP. (see %{bahu-s-}).
  446. सव (sava) (sava)
    1 m. (fr. 3. %{su}) pressing out the juice of the Soma plant RV. S3Br. S3a1n3khS3r.
    pouring it out
    the moon
    n. the juice or honey of flowers L.2 m. (fr. 1. %{sU}) one who sets in motion or impels, an instigator, stimulator, commander VS. S3Br.
    m. the sun (cf. %{savitR})
    setting in motion, vivification, instigation, impulse, command, order (esp. applied to the activity of Savitr2i
    dat. %{savA4ya}, for setting in motion "')VS. TBr.
    N. of partic. initiatory rites, inauguration, consecration Br.
    a kind of sacrifice Kaus3.
    any sacrifice MBh.
    a year (?) BhP. (see %{bahu-s-}).
  447. सवन (savana) (savana)
    1 n. (for 2. see col. 2) the act of pressing out the Soma-juice (performed at the three periods of the day
    cf. %{tri-SavaNa}
    %{prAtaH-}., %{mAdhyaMdina-} and %{tRtIya-s-}) RV. &c. &c.
    the pressed out Soma-juice and its libation, a Soma festival, any oblation or sacrificial rite ib.
    (with %{puMsaH}) = %{puMsavana} Ya1jn5. i, 11 (pl.) the three periods of day (morning, noon, and evening) Gaut. Mn. BhP. [1190,2]
    time (in general) BhP.
    bathing, ablution, religious bathing (performed at mmorning, nnoon, and evevening) Kir.2 n. (for 1. see col. 1
    for see p. 1191, col. 2
    for %{sa-vana} see col. 3) instigation, order, command (cf. %{satya4-s-}) RV. MaitrUp.
  448. सवन (savana) (savana)
    1 n. (for 2. see col. 2) the act of pressing out the Soma-juice (performed at the three periods of the day
    cf. %{tri-SavaNa}
    %{prAtaH-}., %{mAdhyaMdina-} and %{tRtIya-s-}) RV. &c. &c.
    the pressed out Soma-juice and its libation, a Soma festival, any oblation or sacrificial rite ib.
    (with %{puMsaH}) = %{puMsavana} Ya1jn5. i, 11 (pl.) the three periods of day (morning, noon, and evening) Gaut. Mn. BhP. [1190,2]
    time (in general) BhP.
    bathing, ablution, religious bathing (performed at mmorning, nnoon, and evevening) Kir.2 n. (for 1. see col. 1
    for see p. 1191, col. 2
    for %{sa-vana} see col. 3) instigation, order, command (cf. %{satya4-s-}) RV. MaitrUp.
  449. सवर्ण (savarṇa) (savarṇa)
    (%{sa4-}) mf(%{A})n. having the same colour or appearance, similar, like, equal to (gen. or comp.) RV. &c. &c.
    of the same tribe or class Mn. MBh. &c.
    belonging to the same class of sounds, homogeneous with (comp.) Pra1t. Pa1n2. (cf. %{a-s-})
    m. the son of a Bra1hman and a Kshatriya woman Gaut.
    a Ma1hisliya (q.v.) who lives by astrology
    (%{A}) f. a woman of the same caste Gaut.
    past.
    N. of the woman substituted by Saran2yu1 for herself as a wife of the Sun (she is said to have given birth to Manu, and is called in later legends Cha1ya1
    cf. %{saraMyU})
    of a daughter of the Ocean and wife of Praci1na-barhis Hariv. VP.
    %{-Na-tva} n. identity of colour with (instr.) Sus3r.
    having the same denominator A1ryabh.
    %{-NavarNa} n. the same colour MBh.
    %{-NA7bha} mfn. similar in colour to (comp.) Ma1rkP.
    %{-NA7savarNa-vivAha} m. the marriage of people of the same and of different castes MW.
    %{-No7pA7yin} mfn. one who approaches a woman of the same caste ib.
  450. सवर्णन (savarṇana) (savarṇana)
    n. reduction to the same denominator Li1l.
  451. सविकल्प (savikalpa) (savikalpa)
    mfn. possessing variety or admitting of distinctions, differentiated Veda7ntas. (also %{-paka} ib. &c.)
    admitting of an alternative or option or doubt, optional, doubtful MW.
    together with the intermediate Kalpas. BhP.
  452. सविचार (savicāra) (savicāra)
    mf(%{A})n. that to which consideration is given Lalit.
  453. सवितृ (savitṛ) (savitṛ)
    m. (for 2. see below) an impeller, exciter, vivifier VS. Br. 2.
  454. सविनय (savinaya) (savinaya)
    mfn. having good behaviour or propriety, well-conducted, well-behaved, modest (%{am} ind.) Ka1v. Katha1s.
  455. सविष (saviṣa) (saviṣa)
    mf(%{A})n. poisonous Sus3r. (%{-SA7zis} mfn. `" having venomous fangs "' Ra1jat.)
    poisoned S3ak.
    m. a partic. hell Ya1jn5.
  456. सव्य (savya) (savya)
    mf(%{A})n. (accord. to Un2. iv, 109 fr. %{sU}
    perhaps for %{skavya} cf. Gk., col. 3) left, &360124[1191,2] left hand (%{am}, %{e4na}, %{A4} %{e}, and ibc., `" on the left "') RV. &c. &c.
    opposite to left, right, right hand (%{am}, %{ena}, and ibc., `" on the sight "')
    south, southern (%{am} &c., `" to the south "'),Su1ryas. VarBr2S.
    reverse, contrary, backward
    m. the left arm or hand RV. Br. Ka1tyS3r. Ya1jn5.
    the left foot, KatyS3r. Gobh.
    one of the ten ways in which an eclipse takes place VarBr2S.
    a fire lighted at a person's death
    N. of Vishn2u
    (%{sa4vya}) N. of a man befriended by the As3vins RV.
    of an An3girasa and author of RV. i, 51-57 Anukr.
    n. (scil. %{yajJo7pavIta}) the sacred thread worn over the left shoulder (acc. with %{kR}, `" to put the sacred ththread over the lleft shshoulder "') Ka1tyS3r. Sch. [accord. to some for %{skavya}, cf. Gk. $ [1191,3]
    Lat. {scaevus}
    &360139[1191,3] accord. to others for %{syavya} cf. Slav. {s8uji7}].
  457. सव्यष्ठा (savyaṣṭhā) (savyaṣṭhā)
    m. a warrior standing on the left side (in a chariot) AV.
  458. सव्यसाचिन् (savyasācin) (savyasācin)
    (%{savya4-}) mfn. drawing (a bow) with the left hand, ambidexterous MBh.
    m.N. of Arjuna ib.
    of Krishn2a
    Terminalia Arjuna L.
  459. सशब्द (saśabda) (saśabda)
    mf(%{A})n. having sound or noise, full of cries, sounding Ka1v. Katha1s. Ra1jat.
    proclaimed MW.
    (%{am}) ind. with noise, noisily Gobh. MBh. &c.
  460. सस्त्रीक (sastrīka) (sastrīka)
    mfn. attended by a wife ib.
    having a wife, married Ka1v.
  461. सस्मित (sasmita) (sasmita)
    mf(%{A})n. accompanied with smiles, smiling, laughing (%{am} ind.) Ratna7v. S3is3. [1192,3]
  462. सस्य (sasya) (sasya)
    1 n. (of unknown derivation
    also written %{zasya}
    ifc. f. %{A}) corn, grain, fruit, a crop of corn (also pl.) AV. &c. &c.
  463. सस्यशालिन् (sasyaśālin) (sasyaśālin)
    mfn. = %{-pUrNa} R. Hcat.
  464. सस्वर (sasvara) (sasvara)
    mfn. sounding, having the same sound with (instr. or comp.) Pra1t.
    having accent, accentuated IndSt.
    (%{am}) ind. loudly VP.
  465. सहकार (sahakāra) (sahakāra)
    m. (for %{sa-hakAra} see p. 1195, col. 1) acting with, co-operation, assistance, Kusum Bha1sha1p. Sch.
    a kind of fragrant mango tree MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    n. a mmango blossom Hariv.
    mmango juice VarBr2S.
    %{-tA} f. the state of a mmango tree Ma1lav.
    %{-taila}, mmango oil Sus3r.
    %{-bhaJjikA} f. the breaking of mmango blossoms "', a kind of game Cat.
    %{-maJjarI} f. N. of a woman Va1s.
    %{-ro7padeza} m. N. of wk.
  466. सहज (sahaja) (sahaja)
    mf(%{A})n. born or produced together or at the same time as (gen.) TS. Mn. Katha1s.
    congenital, innate, hereditary, original, natural (ibc., by birth, `" by nature "', `" naturally "'
    with %{deza} m. `" birthplace "', `" home "') MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    always the same as from the beginning Hariv. 4238
    m. natural state or disposition (said to be also n.)
    a brother of whole blood
    N. of various kings and other men MBh. Ra1jat. &c.
    of a Ta1ntric teacher Cat.
    (%{A}) f. N. of various women Ra1jat. Buddh.
    (%{am}) n. N. of the third astrol. mansion (said to be also m.) VarBr2S.
    emancipation during life Cat.
    %{-kIrti} m. N. of a Jaina author Cat. [1194,1]
    %{-dhArmika} mfn. innately honest Hit.
    %{-pAla} m. N. of various men Ra1jat.
    %{-malina} mfn. naturally dirty, spotty by nature Kuval.
    %{-lalita} m. N. of a man Buddh.
    %{-mitra} m. a natural friend (as a sister's son, cousin &c.) W.
    %{-vatsala} mf(%{A})n. fond or tender by nature Hit.
    %{-vilAsa} m. N. of a man Buddh.
    %{-zatru} m. (%{--jA7ri}) MW. %{-siddhi} f. N. of wk.
    %{-suhRd} m. a natural friend Prab.
    %{-jA7dhi4nAtha} m. N. of a king Cat.
    %{-jA7nanda} m. N. of the founder of a Vaishn2ava sect (also called Sva1mi-na1ra1yan2a, born about 1780 A.D.) RTL. 148
    149
    of an author (also %{da--tIrtha} and %{-nAtha}) Cat.
    %{-jA7ndha-dRz} mfn. blind by nature or from birth S3is3.
    %{-jA7ri} m. a natural enemy, one hostile by birth (as the son of the same father by another mother, the son of a paternal uncle &c.) W.
    %{-jA7STaka}, u. N. of wk. by Sam2pkara7ca1rya
    %{-je7tara} mfn. other than natural, not innate or inherent or congenital, accidental W.
    %{-je7ndra} m. N. of a man Cat.
    %{-jo7dAsIna} m. one who is born neutral or who is naturally neither an enemy nor a friend, a common acquaintance, friend, unconnected by birth W.
  467. सहन (sahana) (sahana)
    mf(%{A})n. powerful, strong (in explanation of the etymology of %{siMha}) Nir. viii, 15
    patient, enduring (see %{a-s-})
    m. (%{saMjJAyAm}) g. %{nandyAdi}
    n. patient endurance, forbearance Ma1rkP. Sa1h.
  468. सहस् (sahas) (sahas)
    mfn. powerful, mighty, victorious (superl. %{tama}) RV.
    m. the month Ma1rgas3i1rsha or Agraha1yan2a (November-December), the winter season VS. Sus3r. Pur.
    n. strength, power, force, victory (%{sahasas@putra} or %{-sah@sUnu} m. `" son of strength "'N. of Agni in RV.
    %{sahacA} ind. see below
    %{sahobhih} ind. = `" inightily, intensely "') RV. &c. &c.
    water Naigh.i, 12
    light
    N. of various Sa1mans A1rshBr. [Cf. Goth. {sigis}
    Angl. Sax. {sigor}, {sege}
    Germ. {Sieg}],
  469. सहस (sahasa) (sahasa)
    mf(%{A}) n. having laughter, laughing, smiling. S3is3. vi, 57.
  470. सहस्य (sahasya) (sahasya)
    mfn. mighty, strong
    m. the month Pausha (December-January) VS. &c. &c.
  471. सहस्र (sahasra) (sahasra)
    see below.
  472. सहस्रनामन् (sahasranāman) (sahasranāman)
    (%{saha4sra-}) mf(%{mnI})n. ththousand-named, containing a ththousand names AV. Pan5car.
    n. pl. (or %{-nAma} ibc.) the ththousand names (of any deity, esp. of Vishn2u) Cat.
    %{-ma-kArikA} f. %{-ma-bhASya} n. %{-ma-vivaraNa} n. %{-ma-sarayu} f. %{-ma-stuti} f. %{-ma-stuti} f. %{-ma-stotra} n. %{-mA7rtha-zloka-sahasrA7vati} f. N. of wks.
  473. सहस्रलिङ्गी (sahasraliṅgī) (sahasraliṅgī)
    f. a ththousand Lin3gas Ra1jat.
  474. सहस्वत् (sahasvat) (sahasvat)
    (%{sa4has-}.) mfn. powerful, mighty, victoriousBhP. (%{-vat} ind. mightily) RV.
    containing the word %{sahas} AitBr.
    m. N. of a king (v.l. %{mahas-vat}) VP.
    (%{atI}) f. (prob.) N. of a plant.
  475. सहाय (sahāya) (sahāya)
    mfn. along with clarified butter Ka1tyS3r. &c. see p. 1195. m. (ifc. f. %{A} prob. fr. %{saha} + %{aya} cf. %{sahA7yana}
    but accord. to some, a Pra1kr2it form of %{sakhAya} see %{sakhi}, p. 1130), one who goes along with (another) "', a companion, follower, adherent, ally, assistant, helper in or to (loc. or comp.
    ifc. `" having as a companion or assistant, accompanied or supported by "') Mn. MBh. &c.
    (ibc.) companionship, assistance (see comp.)
    N. of S3iva MBh.
    the ruddy goose
    a kind of drug or perfume&c. see p. 1195, col. 1.
  476. सहायवत् (sahāyavat) (sahāyavat)
    mfn. having a companion or assistant, accompanied or befriended or assisted by, provided with (comp.) MBh. R. &c.
  477. सहित (sahita) (sahita)
    1 mfn. (for 2. see p. 1195, col. 1) borne, endured, supported W. 2 mf(%{A}.)n. (for 1. see p, 1193, col. 2) %{-saMhita} (cf. Pa1n2. 6-1, 144 Va1rtt. 1 Pat.), joined, conjoined, united (du. `" both together "'
    pl. [also with %{sarve}], `" all ttogether "')
    accompanied or attended by, associated or connected with, possessed of (instr. or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    attached or cleaving to Ka1tyS3r.
    being quite near ib. MBh.
    (in astron.) being in conjunction with (instr, or comp) VarBr2S.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a river VP.
    n. a bow weighing 300 Palas
    (%{am}) ind. together,along with MBh.
    near, close by Ka1tyS3r. see p. 1193, col. 2.
  478. सहृदय (sahṛdaya) (sahṛdaya)
    (%{sa4-}) mf(%{A})n. with the heart TBr. Vikr.
    hearty, sincere AV.
    possessing a heart, good-hearted, full of feeling, sensible, intelligent Ka1v. Das3ar. Sa1h.
    m. a learned man W.
    m. or n. (?) N. of wk. on A1ca1ra
    %{lIlA} f. N. of a rhet. wk. by Rucaka
  479. सहोदर (sahodara) (sahodara)
    mf(%{A} and %{I})n. co-uterine, born of the same womb Mn. MBh. &c.
    closely resembling or similar Vcar. Ba1lar.
    m. uterine brother MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (%{A} or %{I}) f. a uterine sister Mn. MBh. &c.
  480. सह्य (sahya) (sahya)
    mfn. to be borne or endured, endurable, tolerable, resistible MBh. R. &c.
    able to bear, equal to W.
    powerful, strong ib.
    sweet, agreeable W.
    m. N. of one of the 7 principal ranges of mountains in India (see %{kula-giri})
    of a mountainous district (in which the Go-da1vari1 rises in the N. W of the Deccan) MBh. VarBr2S. &c.
    of a son of Vivasvat (v.l. %{mahya}) MBh.
    (%{am}). n. help. assistance (oftener %{sAhya}) MBh. Hariv.
    health, convalescence L.
  481. सांयोगिक (sāṃyogika) (sāṃyogika)
    mfn. = %{saMyogAya@prabhavati} g. %{saMtApA7di}.
  482. साक्षिन् (sākṣin) (sākṣin)
    mfn. seeing with the eyes, observing, witnessing
    an eye-witness, witness (in law) of or to (gen. loc., or comp.) Gaut. Mn. MBh. &c.
    m. (in phil.) the Ego or subject (as opp. to the object or to that which is external to the mind, Asht2a1vS.
    cf. %{sA7kSi-mAtra})
    N. of a man (also pl.) Sam2ska1rak.
  483. साक्षिवत् (sākṣivat) (sākṣivat)
    ind. like a witness MW.
  484. सागर (sāgara) (sāgara)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}
    fr. 2. %{sa-gara}) the ocean (said to have been named so by Bhagiratha after his son Sagara [see 2. %{sa-gara}, p. 1125]
    another legend asserts that the bed of the ocean was dug by the sons of Sagara
    3 or 4 or 7 oceans are reckoned cf. 1, %{sam-udra}
    %{sAgarasya@phenaH} = %{samudraph-}) Mn. MBh. &c.
    an ocean (as expressing any vast body or inexhaustible mass
    often ifc. cf. %{guNa-zoka-}, %{saMsAra-s-})
    a symbolical expression for the number, `" four "' (like other words signifying `" ocean "') Gan2it.
    a partic. high number (= 10 Padmas) Pur.
    a sort of deer
    N. of a serpent-demon Ka1ran2d2.
    (with Jainas) of the third Arhat of the past Utsarpin2i1
    of one of the 10 orders of mendicants traced back to disciples of S3am2kara7ca1rya Cat.
    of various persons HParis3.
    of two authors and of a wk. on Dharma Cat.
    of a place ib.
    (pl.) the sons of Sagara MBh. R.
    n. N. of a town Buddh.
    mf(%{I}) n. relating to the sea, marine Hariv.
  485. साचिन् (sācin) (sācin)
    see %{sanya-s-}.
  486. साढ (sāḍha) (sāḍha)
    mfn. =
  487. सात (sāta) (sāta)
    1 mfn. gained, obtained RV. Br.
    granted, given, bestowed RV.
    n. a gift, wealth, riches ib.
  488. सात्त्विक (sāttvika) (sāttvika)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{sat-tva}) spirited, vigorous, energetic Mn. MBh. &c.
    relating to or endowed with the quality Sattva (i.e. `" purity "' or `" goodness), pure, true, genuine, honest, good, virtuous (also applied to partic. Pura1n2as which exalt Vishn2u IW. 513) MaitrUp. Mn. MBh. &c. internal, caused by internal feeling or sentiment Ma1lati1m.
    natural, not artificial, unaffected (as style) Sa1h.
    m. a state of body caused by some natural emotion (constituting a class of 8 Bha1vas holding a middle place between the Stha1yi- and Vyabhica1ri-bhavas, viz. %{stambha}, %{sveda}, %{romA7Jca}, %{svara-vikAra}, %{vepathu}, %{varNavikA7ra}, %{azru}, %{pralaya}, qq. vv.) ib.
    N. of Brahma1
    of the eighth creation by Praja1-pati MW.
    (%{I}) f. N. of Durga1[1200,2]
    a partic. kind of Pu1ja1 practised by the worshippers of Durga1 MW.
    (scil. %{tuSTi}) N. of one of the five kinds of external acquiescence (in Sa1m2khya) ib.
    an autumn night
    n. an offering or oblation (without pouring water) L.
  489. सात्म (sātma) (sātma)
    mfn. (fr. 7. %{sa+Atman}) together with one's own person BhP. 2 in comp. for %{sA7tman}.
  490. सात्मता (sātmatā) (sātmatā)
    (%{sA7tma4-}) f. community of essence or nature with (gen. instr., or comp.) S3Br. MBh.
    absorption into the essence (of Brahma1) MW.
  491. सात्म्य (sātmya) (sātmya)
    mfn. agreeable to nature or natural constitution, wholesome Sus3r. Car.
    m. suitableness, wholesomeness ib.
    habit, habituation, diet (%{-tas} ind., from habit "'
    ifc. = `" used to "') ib.
    community of essence or nature with (instr. or gen.) BhP.
  492. सात्य (sātya) (sātya)
    mfn. (fr. %{satya}, of which it is also the vr2iddhi form in comp.) one whose nature is truth S3Br.
    n. N. of a Sa1man A1rshBr.
  493. सात्यकि (sātyaki) (sātyaki)
    m. (fr. %{satyaka}) patr. of Yuyudha1na (a warrior in the Pa1n2d2u army who acted as the charioteer of Kr2ishn2a and belonged to the Vr2ishn2i family) MBh. Hariv. BhP.
  494. सात्वत (sātvata) (sātvata)
    mf(%{I})n. relating to the Satvats or the Satvatas, belonging or sacred to Satvata or Kr2ishn2a &c. MBh. Pur.
    containing the word %{satvat} g. %{vimuktA7di}
    m. a king of the Satvats (N. of Kr2ishn2a, Bala-deva &c.) MBh. BhP.
    (pl.) N. of a people S3is3. (= %{yAdava} Sch.)
    an adherent or worshipper of Kr2ishn2a
    a partic. mixed caste (the offspring of an outcaste Vais3ya
    accord. to L., `" the son of an outcaste VVais3ya and a VVais3ya woman who was formerly the witt of a Kshatriya "') Mn. x, 43
    N. of a son of A1yu or An6s3u Pur.
    (%{I}) f. see below.
  495. साद (sāda) (sāda)
    m. sitting (on horseback), riding RV. i, 162, 17
    sinking in (of wheels) VarBr2S.
    sinking down, exhaustion, weariness Ka1v. Sus3r.
    perishing, decay, loss, ruin Ka1lid. (cf. comp.)
    despondency, despair Hariv. Nalo7d.
    purity, clearness, cleanness (cf. %{pra-sAda}) W.
    going, motion MW.
  496. सादित (sādita) (sādita)
    mfn. (fr. Caus.) made to sit down, set down BhP.
    depressed, broken, wasted, destroyed MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    made to go, drawn, dragged W.
  497. सादिन् (sādin) (sādin)
    mfn. any one sitting or riding on (comp.)
    m. a horseman, charioteer AV. &c. &c.
    (fr. Caus.) exhausting, wearying, destroying R.
  498. सादृश्य (sādṛśya) (sādṛśya)
    n. likeness, resemblance, similarity to (comp.) A1past. R. Hariv. &c.
  499. साद्य (sādya) (sādya)
    mfn. (fr. %{sAdin}) fit for riding
    m. a ridinghorse A1s3vS3r. see p. 1139, col. 1.
  500. साधक (sādhaka) (sādhaka)
    mf(%{ikA})n. effective, efficient, productive of (gen. or comp.), accomplishing, fulfilling, completing, perfecting, finishing MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    energizing (said of the fire supposed to burn within the heart and direct the faculty of volition) Sus3r.
    adapted to any purpose, useful, advantageous MBh. Pur.
    effecting by magic, magical Pan5cat. Ra1jat.
    demonstrating, conclusive, proving Sarvad.
    m. an assistant Ka1v.
    an efficient or skilful person, (esp.) an adept, magician Katha1s.
    a worshipper Ma1lati1m.
    (%{akA}) f. N. of Durga1
    (%{ikA}) f. very deep or profound sleep (= %{su-Supti})
    a skilful or efficient woman MW.
    n. (prob.) = %{sAdhana}, proof, argument Kap.