fistula

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See also: fístula

English[edit]

an artificially-created radiocephalic fistula

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fistula (pipe, ulcer, catheter), from findō (cleave, divide, split).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈfɪs.tjə.lə/, /ˈfɪs.tʃʊ.lə/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈfɪs.tjə.lə/, /ˈfɪs.tʃu.lə/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

fistula (plural fistulas or fistulae or fistulæ)

  1. (medicine) An abnormal connection or passageway between organs or vessels that normally do not connect.
    • 1903, William Rice Pryor, Gynæcology, page 113
      Small fistulæ are to be closed bilaterally in an antero-posterior line []
    • 1917, Louis Adolph Merillat, Fistula of the Withers and Poll-Evil, page 5
      There are several reasons why a manual on this disease should be a part of the veterinary literature of the day, the chief one being that fistula of the withers is a very prevalent disease of horses and thus exacts a big toll from the horse industry.
    • 1998, Scott Fisher, Enterocutaneous Fistulas, in Theodore J. Saclarides, Keith W. Millikan (editors), Common Surgical Diseases: An Algorithmic Approach to Problem Solving, page 164,
      Fistulas are abnormal communications between two epithelialized surfaces. The causes of enterocutaneous fistulas can be remembered using the mnemonic FRIEND: Foreign body, Radiation, Inflammation/Infection/Inflammatory bowel disease, Epithelialization, Neoplasm, and Distal obstruction. Fifteen to twenty-five percent of enterocutaneous fistulas arise spontaneously as in, for example, Crohn's disease or cancer.
    • 2008, Sylvia Escott-Stump, Nutrition and Diagnosis-related Care, page 405
      An intestinal fistula is an unwanted pathway from intestines to other organs (e.g., the bladder).
  2. (rare) A tube, a pipe, or a hole.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (medicine): The skin is regarded as an organ, so the definition includes the abnormal connection of an intenal organ to the body's exterior (as in, for example, enterocutaneous fistulas).
  • Sometimes, a fistula will be intentionally created; for example, an arteriovenous fistula is sometimes created to ease the treatment of a patient with end stage renal failure.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

< Latin

Noun[edit]

fistula

  1. (pathology) fistula (abnormal connection or passageway between organs or vessels)
  2. (rare) fistula (thin tube or pipe, especially a metallic straw used to sip sacramental wine)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From findō (cleave, divide, split).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fistula f (genitive fistulae); first declension

  1. pipe, tube, especially a water pipe
  2. hollow reed or cane
  3. (music) shepherd's pipe, pipes of Pan
  4. fistula, ulcer
  5. catheter
  6. shoemaker's punch
  7. a kind of hand mill for grinding grain

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative fistula fistulae
genitive fistulae fistulārum
dative fistulae fistulīs
accusative fistulam fistulās
ablative fistulā fistulīs
vocative fistula fistulae

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • fistula in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879