legion

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See also: Legion, légion, and legión

English[edit]

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Reenactment of a Roman legion.

Etymology[edit]

Attested (in Middle English, as legioun) around 1200, from Old French legion, from Latin legiō, legionem, from legere (to gather, collect); akin to legend, lecture.

Generalized sense of “a large number” is due to (inaccurate) translations of allusive phrase in Mark 5:9

And he answered, saying, My name is Legion: for we are many.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

legion (not comparable)

  1. Numerous; vast; very great in number; multitudinous.
    Russia's labor and capital resources are woefully inadequate to overcome the state's needs and vulnerabilities, which are legion.

Noun[edit]

legion (plural legions)

  1. (military, Ancient Rome) The major unit or division of the Roman army, usually comprising 3000 to 6000 infantry soldiers and 100 to 200 cavalry troops.
  2. A large military or semimilitary unit trained for combat; any military force; an army, regiment; an armed, organized and assembled militia.
  3. (often Legion or the Legion) A national organization or association of former servicemen, such as the American Legion, founded in 1919.
  4. A large number of people; a multitude.
  5. (often plural) A great number.
    Where one sin has entered, legions will force their way through the same breach. — John Rogers (1679-1729) Google Books
  6. (dated, taxonomy) A group of orders inferior to a class; in scientific classification, a term occasionally used to express an assemblage of objects intermediate between an order and a class.

Synonyms[edit]

Meronyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Quotations[edit]

  • 1611, Bible, King James Version
    Mark 5:9
    And he asked him, What is thy name? And he answered, saying, My name is Legion: for we are many.
    Matthew 26:53
    Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels?
  • 1708, John Philips, Cyder, Book II, Google Books
    Now we exult, by mighty ANNA's Care / Secure at home, while She to foreign Realms / Sends forth her dreadful Legions, and restrains / The Rage of Kings
  • 1821, Lord Byron, Sardanapalus, Act IV Scene i, Google Books
    SAR. I fear it not; but I have felt—have seen— / A legion of the dead.

Anagrams[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Noun[edit]

legion

  1. accusative singular of legio

Middle French[edit]

Noun[edit]

legion f (plural legions)

  1. (military) legion

Descendants[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

legion m

  1. legion

Declension[edit]