liggen

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *liggen, from Proto-Germanic *ligjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *legʰ-. Compare German Low German liggen, German liegen, West Frisian lizze, English lie, Danish ligge.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

liggen (past singular lag, past participle gelegen)

  1. (intransitive) to lie; to be lying down
  2. (intransitive, often of place names) to be, to be placed or located
    Er ligt een hoop rommel op zolder.
    There is a lot of rubbish in the attic. (alternatively: There is a lot of rubbish lying in the attic.)
    Kun je me zeggen waar Geldrop ligt?
    Could you tell me where Geldrop is (located)?
  3. (intransitive, with te and another verb) Used as an alternative to zijn + aan het to form a continuous aspect. Although it carries an implication of lying, this is vague and is not emphasized.
    Je biefstuk ligt daar koud te worden.
    Your steak is (lying) there getting cold.

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon liggian, from Proto-Germanic *ligjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *legʰ-. Compare Dutch liggen, German liegen, West Frisian lizze, English lie, Danish ligge.

Verb[edit]

liggen (past singular leeg, past participle legen, auxiliary verb wesen)

  1. (intransitive) to lie; to be lying down
  2. (intransitive, often of place names) to be, to be placed or located
    Dor liggt mien Huus an't Waterkant.
    There is my house by the coast.
    Köönt ji mi wiesen wor Bersenbrügge liggt?
    Could you tell me where Bersenbrücke is (located)?
  3. (intransitive, with te and another verb) Used as an alternative to wesen + an't to form a continuous aspect.
    Dien Eten liggt dor kold to warren.
    Your steak is (lying) there getting cold.

Conjugation[edit]