pend

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle French pendre (to hang), and its source, Late Latin pendere, from Latin pendēre.

Verb[edit]

pend (third-person singular simple present pends, present participle pending, simple past and past participle pended)

  1. (obsolete) To hang down. [15th-19th c.]
  2. (obsolete, Scotland) To arch over (something); to vault. [15th-18th c.]
  3. To hang; to depend.
    • I. Taylor
      pending upon certain powerful motions

Noun[edit]

pend (plural pends)

  1. (Scotland) An archway; especially, a vaulted passageway leading through a tenement-style building from the main street, giving access to the rear of the building or an internal courtyard. [from 15th c.]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Compare pen (to shut in).

Verb[edit]

pend (third-person singular simple present pends, present participle pending, simple past and past participle pended)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To pen; to confine.
    • Udall
      Pended within the limits [] of Greece.

Etymology 3[edit]

Back-formation from pending.

Verb[edit]

pend (third-person singular simple present pends, present participle pending, simple past and past participle pended)

  1. (transitive) To consider pending; to delay or postpone (something). [from 20th c.]
    • 1982, Lawrence Durrell, Constance, Faber & Faber 2004 (Avignon Quintet), p. 817:
      The latest list of detainees would be pended and they would be allowed to return to their homes on a temporary basis.

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

pend (uncountable)

  1. (India) oil cake

French[edit]

Verb[edit]

pend

  1. third-person singular present indicative of pendre

Scots[edit]

Noun[edit]

pend (plural pends)

  1. An arch, vault.
  2. A passageway between houses.