sill

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Sill labeled with 1 (note: lintel = 2)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English sille, selle, sülle, from Old English syll, syl (sill, threshold, foundation, base, basis), from Proto-Germanic *sulī (bar, sill), from Proto-Indo-European *sel-, *swel- (beam, board, frame, threshold). Cognate with Scots sil, sill (balk, beam, floor, sill), Dutch zul (sill), Low German Sull, Sülle (threshold, ramp, sill), Danish syld (base of a framework building), Swedish syll (joist, cross-tie), Norwegian syll, Icelandic syll, sylla (sill). Related also to German Schwelle ( > Danish svelle), Old Norse svill, Latin silva (wood, forest).

Noun[edit]

sill (plural sills)

  1. (also window sill) A horizontal slat which forms the base of a window.
    She looked out the window resting her elbows on the window sill.
  2. A horizontal, structural member of a building near ground level on a foundation or pilings or lying on the ground in earth-fast construction and bearing the upright portion of a frame. Also spelled cill. Also called a ground plate, groundsill, sole, sole-plate, mudsill. An interrupted sill fits between posts instead of being below and supporting the posts in timber framing.
  3. (geology) A horizontal layer of igneous rock between older rock beds.
  4. A piece of timber across the bottom of a canal lock for the gates to shut against.
Usage notes[edit]

Usually spelled cill when used in the context of canal or river engineering.

Derived terms[edit]
Quotations[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Compare sile.

Noun[edit]

sill (plural sills)

  1. (UK) A young herring.

Etymology 3[edit]

Compare thill.

Noun[edit]

sill (plural sills)

  1. The shaft or thill of a carriage.

Anagrams[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sill c

  1. a herring

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Herring from the Atlantic on Sweden's west coast is called sill. The subspecies fished from the Baltic Sea on Sweden's east coast is called strömming.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Harris, Cyril M.. Illustrated dictionary of historic architecture. New York: Dover Publications, 1983, 1977. Groundsill ISBN 048624444X