βασιλεύς

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *gʷatiléus, with σ ‎(s) developing by assibilation. Cognate with Mycenaean Greek 𐀣𐀯𐀩𐀄 ‎(qa-si-re-u), that is, gʷasileus. Further etymology uncertain. Mostly likely Pre-Greek in origin (i.e. Minoan), but possibly from an Anatolian language (see Lydian 𐤡𐤠𐤯𐤯𐤬𐤳 ‎(battos, king)), although Mycenean (Linear B) evidence points to an original form with initial .

Case-forms show Attic shortening of the original stem βασιληϝ- basilēw- (see quantitative metathesis).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

βᾰσῐλεύς ‎(basileúsm ‎(genitive βᾰσῐλέως); third declension

  1. chief, master
  2. king, lord, patron
  3. the first of any class of people/objects

Usage notes[edit]

During specific periods of Greek history βασιλεύς was used to describe certain foreign leaders, such as the Persian kings and Roman Caesars. In this usage, it often took on certain modifications, such as a lack of definite article or the use of the adjective μέγας ‎(mégas).

Inflection[edit]

This entry needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, § 319-320

Greek[edit]

Noun[edit]

βασιλεύς ‎(vasiléfsm ‎(plural βασιλείς)

  1. Katharevousa form of βασιλιάς ‎(vasiliás, king)