σκέπτομαι

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *sképťomai, from Proto-Indo-European *skep-ye-, from a metathesis of *speḱ-.

Cognate to Latin speciō (I see).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /skép.to.mai̯/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈskɛp.to.mɛ/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈskep.to.mɛ/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈscep.to.me/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈscep.to.me/
  • Verb[edit]

    σκέπτομαι (sképtomai)

    1. I look at, examine
      • 428 BCE, Euripides, Hippolytus 943
        σκέψασθε δ᾽ ἐς τόνδ᾽
        sképsasthe d᾽ es tónd᾽
        Look at this man
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 12.247
        σκεψάμενος δ᾽ ἐς νῆα θοὴν ἅμα καὶ μεθ᾽ ἑταίρους
        skepsámenos d᾽ es nêa thoḕn háma kaì meth᾽ hetaírous
        Looking at once at both ship and men
    2. I examine, consider, think
      • 497 BCE – 405 BCE, Sophocles, Ajax 1028
        σκέψασθε, πρὸς θεῶν, τὴν τύχην δυοῖν βροτοῖν.
        sképsasthe, pròs theôn, tḕn túkhēn duoîn brotoîn.
        Consider, by the gods, the fortune of these two men.
      • 460 BCE – 395 BCE, Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War 6.38
        καὶ δῆτα, ὃ πολλάκις ἐσκεψάμην, τί καὶ βούλεσθε, ὦ νεώτεροι;
        kaì dêta, hò pollákis eskepsámēn, tí kaì boúlesthe, ô neṓteroi?
        And after all, as I have often asked, what would you have, young men?
      1. (rarely) I think, deem
        • 428 BCE – 347 BCE, Plato, Laws 854c
          καλλίω θάνατον σκεψάμενος
          kallíō thánaton skepsámenos
          deeming death the more noble way
      2. I prepare, premeditate
        • 384 BCE – 322 BCE, Demosthenes, Against Timocrates 158
          καὶ τοιούτους λόγους σχολὴν ἄγοντ᾽ ἐσκέφθαι περὶ πάντων ὥστ᾽ εὖ εἰδέναι
          kaì toioútous lógous skholḕn ágont᾽ esképhthai perì pántōn hṓst᾽ eû eidénai
          and he has thought out at leisure such fine arguments on every point
        • 349 BCE, Demosthenes, First Olynthiac 1
          οὐ γὰρ μόνον εἴ τι χρήσιμον ἐσκεμμένος ἥκει τις,
          ou gàr mónon eí ti khrḗsimon eskemménos hḗkei tis,
          For not only if someone comes forward with a well-considered plan,

    Usage notes[edit]

    The present and imperfect are suppleted from σκοπέω (skopéō) in Attic.

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    References[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Verb[edit]

    σκέπτομαι (sképtomai) deponent (simple past σκέφτηκα, σκέφθηκα)

    1. Alternative form of σκέφτομαι (skéftomai)

    Conjugation[edit]