φάλαγξ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰelǵ-(beam, plank). Compare Latin sufflamen and Old High German balcho.

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

φάλαγξ ‎(phálanxf ‎(genitive φάλαγγος); third declension

  1. battle order, array
  2. line or rank of an army
  3. phalanx: a clustered mass of infantry
  4. main body, center (as opposed to the periphery)
  5. round piece of wood: trunk, log
  6. (in the plural) rollers (Latin: palangae)
  7. the beam of a balance
  8. the bone between two joints of a finger or toe
  9. spider

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • φάλαγξ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • φάλαγξ in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • φάλαγξ in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «φάλαγξ» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • «φάλαγξ» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.