φάλαγξ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰelǵ- (beam, plank). Compare Latin sufflamen and Old High German balcho.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /pʰá.laŋks/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈpʰa.laŋks/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈɸa.laŋks/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈfa.laŋks/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈfa.laŋks/
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    Noun[edit]

    φᾰ́λᾰγξ (phálanxf (genitive φᾰ́λᾰγγος); third declension

    1. battle order, array
    2. line or rank of an army
    3. phalanx: a clustered mass of infantry
    4. main body, center (as opposed to the periphery)
    5. round piece of wood: trunk, log
    6. (in the plural) rollers (Latin: palangae)
    7. the beam of a balance
    8. the bone between two joints of a finger or toe
    9. spider

    Inflection[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Further reading[edit]

    • φάλαγξ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
    • φάλαγξ in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
    • φάλαγξ in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
    • φάλαγξ in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
    • φάλαγξ in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
    • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.